IELTS Writing Task 1

The world population grew dramatically between 1960 and 2000.

The world population experienced a dramatic growth between 1960 and 2000.

IELTS Writing Task 1

European City Tourism showed an impressive growth of 50% for three consecutive years from 2006 to 2008.

European City Tourism grew impressively by 50% for three consecutive years from 2006 to 2008.

IELTS Writing Task 1

Diesel consumption showed a slight increase between 2010 and 2011.

Diesel consumption increased slightly between 2010 and 2011.

IELTS Writing Task 1

Consumption of chocolate fell steadily between 1970 and 2010.

There was a steady fall in consumption of chocolate between 1970 and 2010.

IELTS Writing Task 1

Worldwide sales of CD-ROM drives climbed steeply during the first half of the year before fallingsharply in August.

There was a steep climb in worldwide sales of CD-ROM drives during the first half of the year before a sharp fall in August.


Tenses by Ms.SONAL




IELTS Writing Task 2 most common topics


IELTS. SYNONYMS FOR WORDS COMMONLY USED

Amazing- incredible, unbelievable, improbable, fabulous, wonderful, fantastic, astonishing, astounding, extraordinary
Anger- enrage, infuriate, arouse, nettle, exasperate, inflame, madden
Angry- mad, furious, enraged, excited, wrathful, indignant, exasperated, aroused, inflamed
Answer- reply, respond, retort, acknowledge
Ask- question, inquire of, seek information from, put a question to, demand, request, expect, inquire, query, interrogate, examine, quiz
Awful- dreadful, terrible, abominable, bad, poor, unpleasant
Bad- evil, immoral, wicked, corrupt, sinful, depraved, rotten, contaminated, spoiled, tainted, harmful, injurious, unfavorable, defective, inferior, imperfect, substandard, faulty, improper, inappropriate, unsuitable, disagreeable, unpleasant, cross, nasty, unfriendly, irascible, horrible, atrocious, outrageous, scandalous, infamous, wrong, noxious, sinister, putrid, snide, deplorable, dismal, gross, heinous, nefarious, base, obnoxious, detestable, despicable, contemptible, foul, rank, ghastly, execrable
Beautiful – pretty, lovely, handsome, attractive, gorgeous, dazzling, splendid, magnificent, comely, fair, ravishing, graceful, elegant, fine, exquisite, aesthetic, pleasing, shapely, delicate, stunning, glorious, heavenly, resplendent, radiant, glowing, blooming, sparkling
Begin – start, open, launch, initiate, commence, inaugurate, originate
Big – enormous, huge, immense, gigantic, vast, colossal, gargantuan, large, sizable, grand, great, tall, substantial, mammoth, astronomical, ample, broad, expansive, spacious, stout, tremendous, titanic, mountainous
Brave – courageous, fearless, dauntless, intrepid, plucky, daring, heroic, valorous, audacious, bold, gallant, valiant, doughty, mettlesome
Break – fracture, rupture, shatter, smash, wreck, crash, demolish, atomize
Bright – shining, shiny, gleaming, brilliant, sparkling, shimmering, radiant, vivid, colorful, lustrous, luminous, incandescent, intelligent, knowing, quick-witted, smart, intellectual
Calm – quiet, peaceful, still, tranquil, mild, serene, smooth, composed, collected, unruffled, level-headed, unexcited, detached, aloof
Come – approach, advance, near, arrive, reach
Cool – chilly, cold, frosty, wintry, icy, frigid
Crooked – bent, twisted, curved, hooked, zigzag
Cry – shout, yell, yowl, scream, roar, bellow, weep, wail, sob, bawl
Cut – gash, slash, prick, nick, sever, slice, carve, cleave, slit, chop, crop, lop, reduce
Dangerous – perilous, hazardous, risky, uncertain, unsafe
Dark – shadowy, unlit, murky, gloomy, dim, dusky, shaded, sunless, black, dismal, sad
Decide – determine, settle, choose, resolve
Definite – certain, sure, positive, determined, clear, distinct, obvious
Delicious – savory, delectable, appetizing, luscious, scrumptious, palatable, delightful, enjoyable, toothsome, exquisite
Describe – portray, characterize, picture, narrate, relate, recount, represent, report, record
Destroy – ruin, demolish, raze, waste, kill, slay, end, extinguish
Difference – disagreement, inequity, contrast, dissimilarity, incompatibility
Do – execute, enact, carry out, finish, conclude, effect, accomplish, achieve, attain
Dull – boring, tiring,, tiresome, uninteresting, slow, dumb, stupid, unimaginative, lifeless, dead, insensible, tedious, wearisome, listless, expressionless, plain, monotonous, humdrum, dreary
Eager – keen, fervent, enthusiastic, involved, interested, alive to
End – stop, finish, terminate, conclude, close, halt, cessation, discontinuance
Enjoy – appreciate, delight in, be pleased, indulge in, luxuriate in, bask in, relish, devour, savor, like
Explain – elaborate, clarify, define, interpret, justify, account for
Fair – just, impartial, unbiased, objective, unprejudiced, honest
Fall – drop, descend, plunge, topple, tumble
False – fake, fraudulent, counterfeit, spurious, untrue, unfounded, erroneous, deceptive, groundless, fallacious
Famous – well-known, renowned, celebrated, famed, eminent, illustrious, distinguished, noted, notorious
Fast – quick, rapid, speedy, fleet, hasty, snappy, mercurial, swiftly, rapidly, quickly, snappily, speedily, lickety-split, posthaste, hastily, expeditiously, like a flash
Fat – stout, corpulent, fleshy, beefy, paunchy, plump, full, rotund, tubby, pudgy, chubby, chunky, burly, bulky, elephantine
Fear – fright, dread, terror, alarm, dismay, anxiety, scare, awe, horror, panic, apprehension
Fly – soar, hover, flit, wing, flee, waft, glide, coast, skim, sail, cruise
Funny – humorous, amusing, droll, comic, comical, laughable, silly
Get – acquire, obtain, secure, procure, gain, fetch, find, score, accumulate, win, earn, rep, catch, net, bag, derive, collect, gather, glean, pick up, accept, come by, regain, salvage
Go – recede, depart, fade, disappear, move, travel, proceed
Good – excellent, fine, superior, wonderful, marvelous, qualified, suited, suitable, apt, proper, capable, generous, kindly, friendly, gracious, obliging, pleasant, agreeable, pleasurable, satisfactory, well-behaved, obedient, honorable, reliable, trustworthy, safe, favorable, profitable, advantageous, righteous, expedient, helpful, valid, genuine, ample, salubrious, estimable, beneficial, splendid, great, noble, worthy, first-rate, top-notch, grand, sterling, superb, respectable, edifying
Great – noteworthy, worthy, distinguished, remarkable, grand, considerable, powerful, much, mighty
Gross – improper, rude, coarse, indecent, crude, vulgar, outrageous, extreme, grievous, shameful, uncouth, obscene, low
Happy – pleased, contented, satisfied, delighted, elated, joyful, cheerful, ecstatic, jubilant, gay, tickled, gratified, glad, blissful, overjoyed
Hate – despise, loathe, detest, abhor, disfavor, dislike, disapprove, abominate
Have – hold, possess, own, contain, acquire, gain, maintain, believe, bear, beget, occupy, absorb, fill, enjoy
Help – aid, assist, support, encourage, back, wait on, attend, serve, relieve, succor, benefit, befriend, abet
Hide – conceal, cover, mask, cloak, camouflage, screen, shroud, veil
Hurry – rush, run, speed, race, hasten, urge, accelerate, bustle
Hurt – damage, harm, injure, wound, distress, afflict, pain
Idea – thought, concept, conception, notion, understanding, opinion, plan, view, belief
Important – necessary, vital, critical, indispensable, valuable, essential, significant, primary, principal, considerable, famous, distinguished, notable, well-known
Interesting – fascinating, engaging, sharp, keen, bright, intelligent, animated, spirited, attractive, inviting, intriguing, provocative, though-provoking, challenging, inspiring, involving, moving, titillating, tantalizing, exciting, entertaining, piquant, lively, racy, spicy, engrossing, absorbing, consuming, gripping, arresting, enthralling, spellbinding, curious, captivating, enchanting, bewitching, appealing
Keep – hold, retain, withhold, preserve, maintain, sustain, support
Kill – slay, execute, assassinate, murder, destroy, cancel, abolish
Lazy – indolent, slothful, idle, inactive, sluggish
Little – tiny, small, diminutive, shrimp, runt, miniature, puny, exiguous, dinky, cramped, limited, itsy-bitsy, microscopic, slight, petite, minute
Look – gaze, see, glance, watch, survey, study, seek, search for, peek, peep, glimpse, stare, contemplate, examine, gape, ogle, scrutinize, inspect, leer, behold, observe, view, witness, perceive, spy, sight, discover, notice, recognize, peer, eye, gawk, peruse, explore
Love – like, admire, esteem, fancy, care for, cherish, adore, treasure, worship, appreciate, savor
Make – create, originate, invent, beget, form, construct, design, fabricate, manufacture, produce, build, develop, do, effect, execute, compose, perform, accomplish, earn, gain, obtain, acquire, get
Mark – label, tag, price, ticket, impress, effect, trace, imprint, stamp, brand, sign, note, heed, notice, designate
Mischievous – prankish, playful, naughty, roguish, waggish, impish, sportive
Move – plod, go, creep, crawl, inch, poke, drag, toddle, shuffle, trot, dawdle, walk, traipse, mosey, jog, plug, trudge, slump, lumber, trail, lag, run, sprint, trip, bound, hotfoot, high-tail, streak, stride, tear, breeze, whisk, rush, dash, dart, bolt, fling, scamper, scurry, skedaddle, scoot, scuttle, scramble, race, chase, hasten, hurry, hump, gallop, lope, accelerate, stir, budge, travel, wander, roam, journey, trek, ride, spin, slip, glide, slide, slither, coast, flow, sail, saunter, hobble, amble, stagger, paddle, slouch, prance, straggle, meander, perambulate, waddle, wobble, pace, swagger, promenade, lunge
Moody – temperamental, changeable, short-tempered, glum, morose, sullen, mopish, irritable, testy, peevish, fretful, spiteful, sulky, touchy
Neat – clean, orderly, tidy, trim, dapper, natty, smart, elegant, well-organized, super, desirable, spruce, shipshape, well-kept, shapely
New – fresh, unique, original, unusual, novel, modern, current, recent
Old – feeble, frail, ancient, weak, aged, used, worn, dilapidated, ragged, faded, broken-down, former, old-fashioned, outmoded, passé, veteran, mature, venerable, primitive, traditional, archaic, conventional, customary, stale, musty, obsolete, extinct
Part – portion, share, piece, allotment, section, fraction, fragment
Place – space, area, spot, plot, region, location, situation, position, residence, dwelling, set, site, station, status, state
Plan – plot, scheme, design, draw, map, diagram, procedure, arrangement, intention, device, contrivance, method, way, blueprint
Popular – well-liked, approved, accepted, favorite, celebrated, common, current
Predicament – quandary, dilemma, pickle, problem, plight, spot, scrape, jam
Put – place, set, attach, establish, assign, keep, save, set aside, effect, achieve, do, build
Quiet – silent, still, soundless, mute, tranquil, peaceful, calm, restful
Right – correct, accurate, factual, true, good, just, honest, upright, lawful, moral, proper, suitable, apt, legal, fair
Run – race, speed, hurry, hasten, sprint, dash, rush, escape, elope, flee
Say/Tell – inform, notify, advise, relate, recount, narrate, explain, reveal, disclose, divulge, declare, command, order, bid, enlighten, instruct, insist, teach, train, direct, issue, remark, converse, speak, affirm, suppose, utter, negate, express, verbalize, voice, articulate, pronounce, deliver, convey, impart, assert, state, allege, mutter, mumble, whisper, sigh, exclaim, yell, sing, yelp, snarl, hiss, grunt, snort, roar, bellow, thunder, boom, scream, shriek, screech, squawk, whine, philosophize, stammer, stutter, lisp, drawl, jabber, protest, announce, swear, vow, content, assure, deny, dispute
Scared – afraid, frightened, alarmed, terrified, panicked, fearful, unnerved, insecure, timid, shy, skittish, jumpy, disquieted, worried, vexed, troubled, disturbed, horrified, terrorized, shocked, petrified, haunted, timorous, shrinking, tremulous, stupefied, paralyzed, stunned, apprehensive
Show – display, exhibit, present, note, point to, indicate, explain, reveal, prove, demonstrate, expose
Slow – unhurried, gradual, leisurely, late, behind, tedious, slack
Stop – cease, halt, stay, pause, discontinue, conclude, end, finish, quit
Story – tale, myth, legend, fable, yarn, account, narrative, chronicle, epic, sage, anecdote, record, memoir
Strange – odd, peculiar, unusual, unfamiliar, uncommon, queer, weird, outlandish, curious, unique, exclusive, irregular
Take – hold, catch, seize, grasp, win, capture, acquire, pick, choose, select, prefer, remove, steal, lift, rob, engage, bewitch, purchase, buy, retract, recall, assume, occupy, consume
Tell – disclose, reveal, show, expose, uncover, relate, narrate, inform, advise, explain, divulge, declare, command, order, bid, recount, repeat
Think – judge, deem, assume, believe, consider, contemplate, reflect, mediate
Trouble – distress, anguish, anxiety, worry, wretchedness, pain, danger, peril, disaster, grief, misfortune, difficulty, concern, pains, inconvenience, exertion, effort
True – accurate, right, proper, precise, exact, valid, genuine, real, actual, trusty, steady, loyal, dependable, sincere, staunch
Ugly – hideous, frightful, frightening, shocking, horrible, unpleasant, monstrous, terrifying, gross, grisly, ghastly, horrid, unsightly, plain, homely, evil, repulsive, repugnant, gruesome
Unhappy – miserable, uncomfortable, wretched, heart-broken, unfortunate, poor, downhearted, sorrowful, depressed, dejected, melancholy, glum, gloomy, dismal, discouraged, sad
Use – employ, utilize, exhaust, spend, expend, consume, exercise
Wrong – incorrect, inaccurate, mistaken, erroneous, improper, unsuitable

Useful TIPS FOR WRITING TASK 1

Graph Writing Vocabulary

Use synonyms in your graph response

The general format for writing academic writing task 1 is as follows:

Introduction + Basic/ General Trends + Details Description + Summary(optional).

IELTS VocabularyVocabulary for the Introduction Part:

Starting Presentation Type Verb Description
The/ the given / the supplied / the presented / the shown / the provided diagram / table / figure / illustration / graph / chart / flow chart / picture/ presentation/ pie chart / bar graph/ column graph / line graph / table data/ data / information / pictorial/ process diagram/ map/ pie chart and table/ bar graph and pie chart … shows / represents / depicts / enumerates / illustrates / presents/ gives / provides / delineates/ outlines/ describes / delineates/ expresses/ denotes/ compares/ shows contrast / indicates / figures / gives data on / gives information on/ presents information about/ shows data about/ demonstrates/ sketch out/ summarises… the comparison of…
the differences…
the changes…
the number of…
information on…
data on…
the proportion of…
the amount of…
information on…
data about…
comparative data…
the trend of…
the percentages of…
the ratio of…
how the…

Vocabulary for the General Trend Part:

In general, In common, Generally speaking, Overall, It is obvious, As is observed, As a general trend, As can be seen, As an overall trend,  As is presented, It can be clearly seen that, At the first glance, it is clear, At the onset, it is clear that, A glance at the graphs reveals that.

 Vocabulary to Start the Report Body:

Just after you finish writing your ‘Introduction’ (i.e. General Statement + General overview/ trend), you are expected to start a new paragraph to describe the main features of the diagrams. This second paragraph is called the ‘Body Paragraph / Report Body”. There are certain phrases you can use to start your body paragraph and following is a list of such phrases —

1. As is presented in the diagram(s)/ graph(s)/ pie chart(s)/ table…
2. As (is) shown in the illustration…
3. As can be seen in the…
4. As the diagrams suggest…
5. According to the…
6. Categorically speaking…
7. Getting back to the details…
8. Now, turning to the details….
9. The table data clearly shows that…
10. The diagram reveals that…
11. The data suggest that…
12. The graph gives figure…
13. It is interesting to note that…
14. It is apparently seen that…
15. It is conspicuous that…
16. It is explicitly observed that…
17. It is obvious…
18. It is clear from the data…
19. It is worth noticing that…
20. It is crystal clear/ lucid that…
21. It can be clearly observed that…
22. It could be plainly viewed that…
23. It could be noticed that…
24. We can see that…

 Vocabulary to show the changes:

Trends Verb form Noun Form
Increase rise / increase / go up / uplift / rocket(ed) / climb / upsurge / soar/ shot up/ improve/ jump/ leap/ move upward/ skyrocket/ soar/ surge. a rise / an increase / an upward trend / a growth / a leap / a jump / an improvement/ a climb.
Decrease fall / decrease / decline / plummet / plunge / drop / reduce / collapse / deterioriate/ dip / dive / go down / take a nosedive / slum / slide / go into free-fall. a fall / a decrease / a reduction / a downward trends /a  downward tendency /  a decline/ a drop / a slide / a collapse / a downfall.
Steadiness unchanged / level out / remain constant / remain steady / plateau / remain the same / remain stable / remain static a steadiness/ a plateau / a stability/ a static
Gradual increase

————

an upward trend / an upward tendency / a ceiling trend
Gradual decrease

 ————

a downward trend / a downward tendency / a descending trend
Standability/ Flat level(ed) off / remain(ed) constant / remain(ed) unchanged / remain(ed) stable / prevail(ed) consistency / plateaued / reach(ed) a plateau / stay(ed) uniform /immutable / level(ed) out/ stabilise/ remain(ed) the same.

No change, a flat, a plateau.

IELTS Writing task 1 vocabulary

Vocabulary to represent changes in graphs:

Type of Change Adverb form Adjective form
Rapid change dramatically / rapidly / sharply / quickly / hurriedly / speedily / swiftly / significantly/ considerably / substantioally / noticably. dramatic / rapid / sharp / quick / hurried / speedy / swift / significant / considerable / substantial / noticable.
Moderate change moderately / gradually / progressively / sequentially. moderate / gradual / progressive /  sequential.
Steady change  steadily/ ceaselessly. steady/ ceaseless.
Slight change slightly / slowly / mildly / tediously. slight / slow / mild / tedious.

IELTS Vocabulary Vocabulary to represent frequent changes in graphs:

Type of Change Verb form Noun form
 Rapid ups and downs wave / fluctuate / oscillate / vacillate / palpitate waves / fluctuations / oscillations / vacillations /  palpitations

 

Types of Changes/ Differences and Vocabulary to present them:

Great change / Huge difference:

Adjectives                           Adverbs

Overwhelming                   Overwhelmingly
Substantial                         Substantially
Enormous                          Enormously

Big change / Big difference:

Adjectives                           Adverbs

Significant                          Significantly
Considerable                     Considerably

Medium change / Moderate difference:

Adjectives                           Adverbs

Somewhat                           Somewhat
Moderate                             Moderately

Minor change / Small difference:

Adjectives                           Adverbs

Fractional                           Fractionally
Marginal                             Marginally
Slight                                      Slightly

 

Percentage, Portion and Numbers:

Percentages:
10% increase, 25 percent decrease, increased by 15%, dropped by 10 per cent, fall at 50%, reached to 75%, tripled, doubled, one-fourth, three-quarters, half, double fold, treble, 5 times higher, 3 timers lower, declined to about 49%, stood exactly at 43%.
Fractions:
4% = A tiny fraction.
24% = Almost a quarter.
25% Exactly a quarter.
26% = Roughly one quarter.
32% Nearly one-third, nearly a third.
49% = Around a half, just under a half.
50% Exactly a half.
51% = Just over a half.
73% = Nearly three quarters.
77% = Approximately three quarter, more than three-quarter.
79% = Well over three quarters.
Proportions:  
2% = A tiny portion, a very small proportion.
4% = An insignificant minority, an insignificant proportion.
16% = A small minority, a small portion.
70% = A large proportion.
72% = A significant majority, A significant proportion.89% = A very large proportion.
89% = A very large proportion.

Words/ Phrases of Approximation – Vocabulary:

» Approximately
» Nearly
» Roughly
» Almost
» About
» Around
» More or less
» Just over
» Just under
» Just around
» Just about
» Just below
» A little more than
» A little less than.

Vocabulary to represent highest and lowest points in graphs:

Type Verb Noun
Highest Point peaked / culminated / climaxed / reach  the peak / hit the peak / touch the highest point / reach the vertex/ reach the apex a (/the) peak / a (/the) pinnacle / a (/the) vertex / the highest point/ an (/the) apex / a (/the) summit, a (/the) top, a (/the) pinnacle, a (/the) acme, a (/the) zenith,
Lowest Point touch the lowest point / get the lowest point / reached the nadir the lowest point / the lowest mark / bottommost point / rock bottom point/ bottommost mark / nadir/ the all-time low/ the lowest level/ the bott

Highest and lowest points

Vocabulary to show how many times…

  • Exactly the same.
  • Roughly the same
  • Practically the same
  • Twice
  • Thrice
  • Four times
  • Five times
  • ……………
  • Ten times
  • ……………
  • Hundred times.

Vocabulary to show how much changed…

  • Halved
  • Equalled
  • Doubled
  • Trebled / tripled
  • Quadrupled (fourfold /four times)
  • Pentadrupled (fivefold /five times)
  • Hexadrupled (sixfold /six times)
  • Septupled (sevenfold /seven times)
  • Octupled  (Eightfold/eight times)
  • Nonupled (Ninefold/ nine times)
  • ……………..
  • Centupled (hundredfold/ hundred times)

 

Vocabulary to represent comparison in graphs:

Type Word(s) should be used
Similar about / almost / nearly / roughly / approximately / around / just about / very nearly /
Just over just above / just over / just bigger / just beyond / just across
Just short just below / just beneath / just sort / just under / just a little
Much more well above / well above / well beyond / well across / well over
Much less well below / well under / well short / well beneath

Compare and contrast:

Useful Vocabulary to make Comparison and Contrast: 
» Similarly, In a similar fashion, In the same way, Same as, As much as, Meanwhile.
» However, On the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast.

Useful TIPS FOR WRITING TASK 2

 

  • Useful vocabulary/phrases to open/start the essay:

Many/some people claim/opine/believe that…
There is no denying that…
It is often said that…
These days…/ Nowadays…/ In this day and age…
It goes without saying that…
It is universally accepted that…
We live in an age when many of us are…
People are divided in their opinion regarding…
…. is one of the most important issues…
Whether …. or …. is a controversial issue…

  • Useful vocabulary/phrases to end the Introduction part:

Let us examine both views before reaching a concrete decision.
The following paragraphs discuss whether …… or …… and reach a reasonable conclusion.
The following essay takes a look at both sides of the argument.
My two cents go for…
However, I strongly believe that…
I oppose the view and my reasons will be explained in the following paragraphs.
I will support this view with arguments in the following paragraphs.
I personally believe that…
Thus the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages…
I wholeheartedly believe that this trend should be changed

  • Vocabulary for the opinion part:

In my opinion…
I strongly opine that…
I strongly agree with the idea that…
I strongly disagree with the given topic…
I think…
My opinion is that…
Personally speaking…
In my view…
I believe…
Apparently…
Personally speaking…
According to me…
From my point of view… (Not ‘In my point of view’)
As far as I am concerned…
From my perspective…
I realise…
To my way of thinking…
It seems to me that…
To me…
To my mind…
My own view on the matter is…
It appears that…
I feel that…
I understand…
I suppose…

  • Vocabulary for the 2nd paragraph Part:

It is true that…
First…
First of all…
Firstly…
First and foremost…
Initially…
To begin with…
To start with…
Let us take a look at…
It is worth considering…
In the first place…
Though it is true that…
Some people believe that…
Many people think that…
According to many…
Some people believe that…
Many support the view that…
On the one hand…

  • Vocabulary for the 3rd, 4th …… paragraph Part

Second(ly)…
Third(ly)…
Then…
Next…
After that…
And…
Again…
Also…
Besides…
Likewise…
In addition…
Consequently…
What’s more…
Furthermore…
Moreover…
Other people think that…
Other people believe that…
On the other hand…
Apart from that…
Finally…
Last but not the least…

  • Vocabulary to show the comparison:

In the same way…
Likewise…
Similarly…
Like the previous point…
Similar to…
Also…
At the same time…
Just as…

  • Vocabulary to show contrast:

On the other hand…
On the contrary…
However…
Nevertheless…/ Nonetheless…
But…
Nonetheless/ Nevertheless…
Oppositely…
Alternatively…
Unlike…
While…
Whilst…
Although…
Though…
Even though…
Despite… / In spite of…
In spite of the fact that…
Alternatively…
In contrast to this…
Then again…
On the other hand…
Despite the fact that…
Even so…
Yet…
Meanwhile…

  • Vocabulary to show an example:

As an example…
For instance…
For example…
Like…
As…
Among others…
Such as…
Particularly…
Regarding…
In particular…
Namely…
With respect to…
As far …. is concerned…
To show an example…
To give an example…
To cite an example…
As an evidence…
To illustrate…
To paraphrase…
An example is…
…could be a good/ideal example here
A case…
When it comes to…

  • Vocabulary to present an idea:

Research shows that…
Research has found that…
When it comes to…
With respect to…
Not only… but also…
In terms of…

  • Phrases to introduce more ideas/ examples:

Furthermore…
In addition…
On top of that…
Besides…
What is more…
Another point worth noting is…
Another factor to consider is…
Furthermore…
Not only …. but also…
Also…

  • Vocabulary to show consequence, effects or result:

As a result…
Consequently…
As a consequent…
As an effect…
Thus…
So…
The reason why…
Therefore…
On account of…
Because of…
Hence…
Eventually…
For this/that reason…
Thereby…
Due to…
Owing to…

  • Vocabulary to sum up at the end of a paragraph:

To sum up…
In short…
In a word…
To put it simply…
That is to say…
To repeat in short….
To summarise…

  • Vocabulary to make a point stronger/ Adding emphasis

It goes without saying that…
Obviously…
Needless to say…
There is little doubt that…
Although…
Thought…
Nonetheless…
Nevertheless…
Still…
Yet…
Must…. After
After all…
Even if…
Therefore…
Thus…..

  • Vocabulary for the conclusion part:

In conclusion…
In summary…
To conclude…
To conclude with…
To sum up…
In general…
To summarise…
In short…
All in all…
Overall…
On the whole…
To draw the conclusion…
In a nutshell…
To elucidate…(‘To elucidate’ means – ‘make something clear’ or ‘to explain’.)
All things considered…
By and large…
Taking everything into consideration…
Taking everything into account…
Weighing up both sides of the argument…

  • Some correct and incorrect expressions:

 

Correct and Incorrect phrases for IELTS Essay