Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 20/10/2018


The table below provide information on rental charges and salaries in three areas of London.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

ANSWER :-

The table shows two sets of related information: the relative cost, in pounds, of renting a property with one, two or three bedrooms in three different suburbs of London and an indication of the kind of annual salary you would need to be earning to rent in these areas.

Of the three areas mentioned, Notting Hill is the most expensive with weekly rents starting at £375 (salary approximately £100,000) and rising to £738 per week for a 3-bedroom property. To afford this, you would require a salary in the region of £200,000 per annum. Alternatively, Fulham is the cheapest area shown with rents ranging from £215 per week for a one bedroom property to £600 per week for a 3-bedroom property. To rent in this area, salaries need to be somewhere between £85,000 and £170,000 depending on the number of bedrooms required. For those able to pay in the middle price range for accommodation, Regent’s Park might be a more suitable district.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 20/10/2018


People have different job expectations for jobs. Some people prefer to do the same job for the same company, whereas others prefer to change jobs frequently.
Write about the advantages and disadvantages of each viewpoint?

ANSWER :-

In the modern workplace there is no longer the attitude that ‘a job is for life’. Nowadays, many people take the option to change jobs, while others prefer not to. In my essay, I will explore the good and bad points of the above attitudes.

One of the main benefits of staying in one job is security. Changing employer often means a period of instability, where one may have to think about moving house, or temporarily losing a steady source of income. Staying in one job means these problems are avoided.

Another benefit of not changing occupation is that one is able to gain a lot of experience and expertise in his specific profession, thus enhancing job security. One’s company may recognize their loyalty and reward their service. On the other hand, those who often change jobs may be seen as unreliable, lacking in experience and employers might be reluctant to hire and invest training in them.

However, there are arguments in favour of changing job frequently. One is that a worker improves his employability. Working in several different jobs often means that the individual has more skills. Such people are seen as more dynamic and versatile.

Another benefit of changing jobs frequently is that one never gets stuck in a rut. From my own experience, I got bored when I spent too long in a job. Following this, the quality of my work would suffer. I also believe that employers generally don’t tend to greatly reward loyalty or commitment. Increased wages and promotion are often easier to attain by changing jobs.

Overall, it can be said that the disadvantages of changing jobs are the advantages of staying put, and vice versa… In my opinion, I feel that changing jobs every once in a while is of more benefit.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 18/10/2018


Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

IELTS Writing

ANSWER :-

In this analysis we will examine three pie charts. The first one is headed ‘World Spending.’ The second is ‘World Population’ and the third is ‘Consumption of Resources.’

In the first chart we can see that people spend most of their income (24%) on food. In some countries this percentage would obviously be much higher. Transport and then housing are the next major expenses at 18% and 12% respectively. Only 6% of income is spent on clothing.

In the second chart entitled ‘World Population’, it is not surprising to find that 57% of people live in Asia. In fact China and India are two of the most populated countries in the world and they are both situated on this continent. Europe and the Americans account for nearly 30% of the total, whilst 10% of people live in Africa.

Finally, the third chart reveals that the USA and Europe consume a huge 60% of the world’s resource.

To sum up, the major expenditure is on food, the population figures are the highest for Asia and the major consumers are the USA and Europe.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 18/10/2018


It is generally agreed that society benefits from the work of its members.
Compare the contributions of artists to society with the contributions of scientists to society.
Which type of contribution do you think is valued more by your society? Give specific reasons to support your answer.

ANSWER :-

From my everyday experience and observation I think that artists as well as scientists bring many benefits to society. It is a controversial question weather the contributions of artists are more or less then the contributions of scientists to the society. For several reasons, which I will mention bellow, I think that both types are valuable, priceless and irreplaceable for every society.

The contributions of artists to the society are very essential. Art can form person’s spiritual sense, their views and personalities. People learn history, the traditions of their country trough the art. We also watch movies that entertain and at the same time extend our range of interests. Another important aspect of this is that art is an ancient means of communication. In old times people depicted the herds of mammoths on the walls of their caves. They performed different rituals around the fireplace asking their gods for health, good harvest and weather. Our language is a result of people’s need to communicate.

From the other side, the contribution of scientists is could not be exaggerated. All humankind is indebted to the scientists because of their work and achievements. Scientists make our life easier. We have cars and airplanes to move fast from one place to another. We have microwaves and a bunch of preprocessed food to make the cooking much easier. We have different devices that simplify all we do. Finally, scientists are making great achievements in medicine that make our life longer and happier. Nowadays people have a great opportunity to do many things faster by use of computers.

To sup up, I believe that artists nourish our souls when scientists and technology feed our minds. So, we can not eliminate or underestimate one of them.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 17/10/2018


The chart shows student expenditure over a three-year period in the United Kingdom.

Summaries the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Student expenditure (aged under 26 in higher education) United Kingdom*

IELTS Writing Task 1

ANSWER :-

The chart shows the changes which took place in student spending in the United Kingdomduring/over the three-year period from 1996 to 1999.

Students spent 3% less on accommodation, which fell from 23% to 20% of total expenditure, and there was a 2% decrease in spending on food, bills and household goods, which fell from 20% to 18%. At the same time course expenditure went down by 3% from 10% to 7%. Children, who constituted 1% of students’ expenditure in 1996, are not represented in 1999.

On the other hand, there was a 5% growth in spending on entertainment, which stood at 26% of total expenditure in 1996 but rose to 31% in 1999. Spending on other non-essential items and credit repayments grew by 4% to make up 16% of total expenditure. Spending on essential travel went upby 3% while non-essential travel underwent a 1% fall.

Overall, with the exception of expenditure on travel, the most significant general change was a shiftfrom/in spending on essential items to spending on non-essential items.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 17/10/2018


Research indicates that the characteristics we are born with have much more influence on our personality and development than any experiences we may have in our life.
Which do you consider to be the major influence?

ANSWER :-

Today the way we consider human psychology and mental development is heavily influenced by the genetic sciences. We now understand the importance of inherited characteristics more than ever before. Yet we are still unable to decide whether an individual’s personality and development are more influenced by genetic factors (nature) or by the environment (nurture).

Research, relating to identical twins, has highlighted how significant inherited characteristics can be for an individual’s life. But whether these characteristics are able to develop within the personality of an individual surely depends on whether the circumstances allow such a development. It seems that the experiences we have in life are so unpredictable and so powerful, that they can boost or over-ride other influences, and there seems to be plenty of research findings to confirm this.

My own view is that there is no one major influence in a person’s life. Instead, the traits we inherit from our parents and the situation and experiences that we encounter in life are constantly interacting. It is the interaction of the two that shapes a person’s personality and dictates how that personality develops. If this were not true, we would be able to predict the behavior and character of a person from the moment they were born.

In conclusion, I do not think that either nature or nurture is the major influence on a person, but that both have powerful effects. How these factors interact is still unknown today and they remain largely unpredictable in a person’s life.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 16/10/2018


The graph below compares the number of visits to two new music sites on the web.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

IELTS Writing Task 1

ANSWER :-

The graph shows the number of hits to two new music sites on the web, measured in thousands over a period of fifteen days. As far as Music Choice is concerned, the number of visits to the Site fluctuated between 20,000 and 40,000 in the first eleven days, except for Day 3 when they reached 60,000. By contrast, visits to the Pop Parade Site fell erratically from approximately 120,000 hits on Day 1 to around 40,000 on Day 7.

Between days 11 and 15 visits to Music Choice fluctuated dramatically, hitting a peak of over 120,000 on Day 14. Despite a drop to less than 40,000 hits, Pop Parade Saw a huge increase in the number of hits between Days 9 and 11, reaching a total of over 150,000 hits on Day 11. At the end of the fifteen-day period the number of hits to Pop Parade peaked at around 170,00, whereas those for Music Choice Showed a marked decline to around 70,000.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 15/10/2018


Summaries the information.

IELTS Writing Task 1

ANSWER :-

The chart shows the average daily viewing figures for Channel One News over a 12-month period. The figure for the 1pm News remained fairly stable, hovering at around 1.3 million throughout the year. The figure for the 6pm News began the year at 4.8 million. It fluctuated, but the general trend was downwards, and it ended the year at 3.4 million.

The figure for the 9:30 News gradually increased from 3.2 million viewers per day in January to a peak of 3.8 million in May. However, this month saw the introduction of the 11pm News, and the figure for the 9:30 News plummeted, hitting a low-point of 1.1 million in August. In the same period, the figure for the 11pm news rocketed from 0.2 million to 4.1 million. At this point, the trend reversed. From August onwards, the figure for the 9:30 news grew steadily, reaching 3 million by the end of the year. Meanwhile, the figure for the 11pm News declined sharply, and in December fell below the 1 million mark.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 15/10/2018


Describe a custom from your country that you would like people from other countries to adopt.
Explain your choice, using specific reasons and examples.

ANSWER :-

In our modern stressful world we often forget about our customs and traditions. However, I think that people should keep their traditions because they help to remember our forefathers and value the beautiful moments we have in our lives.

In my country we have a great custom called “Maslenica”. It is a holiday, which is celebrated at the end of the winter. Many people gather on the biggest square of the city and see of the winter. They say to the winter good-bye and ask the spring to change the winter. They celebrate the beginning of the life when everything starts to grow.

People at this holiday bake pancakes and treat each other with them. Also, many people gathered on the square play different games. For example, the most well-known game “pulling a rope” subsists in that two teams pull a rope. The winner is the team, witch has a longer rope. Other people draw on the icy pole. People have fun at this holiday even if they just observe those games and do not participate.

In conclusion, I am sure that “Maslenica” would benefit many countries all over the world. People have the opportunity to relax, leave their troubles and worries behind and have fun. Also, this holiday helps people to find out more about each other, communicate and meet new people. In addition to those practical benefits, “Maslenica” helps people to slow down their life pace and enjoy the present moments that are irreplaceable and beautiful.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 12/10/2018


The pie charts below show electricity generation by source in New Zealand and Germany in 1980 and 2010.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Electricity Generation by Source in New Zealand

IELTS Writing Task 1

Electricity Generation by Source in Germany

IELTS Writing Task 1

ANSWER :-

The charts compare the sources of electricity in New Zealand and Germany in the years 1980 and 2010. Between these years, electricity generation almost doubled, rising from 127 units to 200 in New Zealand, and from 107 to 214 units in Germany.

In 1980 New Zealand used coal as the main electricity source (56 units) and the remainder was produced from natural gas, hydro power (each producing 30 units) and petroleum (which produced only 11 units). By 2010, coal had become the fuel for more than 75% of electricity produced and only hydro continued to be another significant source supplying approximately 20%.

In contrast, Germany used coal as a source for only 28 units of electricity in 1980, which was matched by natural gas. The remaining 49 units were produced largely from petroleum and nuclear power, with hydro contributing only 7 units. But by 2010 nuclear power, which was not used at all in New Zealand, had developed into the main source, producing almost 75% of electricity, at 155 units, while coal and petroleum together produced only 55 units. Other sources were no longer significant.

Overall, it is clear by 2010 these two countries relied on different principal fuel sources: New Zealand relied on coal and Germany on nuclear power.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 12/10/2018


As the world becomes technologically advanced, computers are replacing more and more jobs.

Describe some job positions that may be lost because of computers, and discuss at least one problem that may result.

ANSWER :-

When computers first made their way into the business sector, everyone believed that they would make people’s jobs easier. What was not expected was that computers would eliminate jobs. Besides contributing to unemployment, these automated workers often exhibit inadequate job performance.

A number of jobs have been lost as a direct result of new computer technology. Ticket agents in various transportation facilities, from subway/underground stations to airports are virtually nonexistent these days. Bank tellers have been greatly reduced due to automated bank machines. In addition, many call centers/centres that have help lines are almost entirely computerized/computerised. A few years ago I worked as a helper in our local library. Today this position does not exist, because six new computers have been installed. The number of positions lost to computers grows exponentially, and unemployment continues to get worse.

While a computer may easily achieve the main tasks of these jobs, most computers fall short when customers have a unique request or problem. A pre-paid ticket booth does not have insight about the entertainment district and cannot offer friendly directions to a tourist. Similarly, an automated bank machine cannot provide assistance and reassurance to a customer who has just had his credit card stolen. And, more often than not, automated telephone operators cannot answer the one question that we have, and we end up waiting on the line to speak with someone anyway. Every time I go into the library where I worked I notice elderly people who don’t know how to use the computers and can’t find anyone to help.

In the future, I believe a new business trend will evolve. As computers eliminate jobs, new positions will have to be invented. More and more people will go into business for themselves, and hopefully put the personal touch back into business. I believe that the human workforce will demonstrate that it is more valuable than computers.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 10/10/2018


The graph below shows radio and television audiences throughout the day in 1992.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

IELTS Writing Task 1

ANSWER :-

The graph shows the percentage of audiences over 4 yes old of UK follows the radio and television throughout the day during the period October-December 1992. It has been observed from the graph that less than 10% audiences follows the radio at 6:00 am and the percentage raised to a pick around 30% at 8′AM and decline gradually to around 10% during the period 2′00 to 4′00 Pm and again raised a bi t to around 12% between 4′00 to 6′00 PM. It then again dropped to below 10% at around 10′PM. The rate again raised to a bit between 10′00 PM to 12′00 PM and then dropped slowly by 4′00 AM. On the other hand, the rate of television audiences raises 0-10% during the period 6′00 to 8′00 am and remain steady up to 1 0′AM and then gradually goes down by 12′00 noon. The percentage raised dramatically to around 15% by 2′00 noon. The percentage raised dramatically goes down by 12′00 noon. The percentage raised dramatically to around 15% by 2′00 PM which again raised to a pick above 40% between 6′00-8′00 PM and then gradually dropped between the period 12′00 PM to 4′00 AM.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 10/10/2018


Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best teachers.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

ANSWER :-

Throughout my life, I have been lucky enough to have a very good relationship with my parents. They have supported me, given me necessary criticism, and taught me a great deal about how to live my life. Parents can be very important teachers in our lives; however, they are not always the best teachers.

Parents may be too close to their children emotionally. Sometimes they can only see their children though the eyes of a protector. For example, they may limit a child’s freedom in the name of safety. A teacher might see a trip to a big city as a valuable new experience. However, it might seem too dangerous to a parent.

Another problem is that parents may expect their children’s interests to be similar to their own. They can’t seem to separate from their children in their mind. If they love science, they may try to force their child to love science too. But what if their child’s true love is art, or writing, or car repair?

Parents are usually eager to pass on their value to their children. But should children always believe what their parents do? Maybe different generations need different ways of thinking. When children are young, they believe that their parents are always rights. But when they get older, they realize there are other views. Sometimes parents, especially older ones, can’t keep up with rapid social or technology changes. A student who has friends of all different races and backgrounds at school may find that her parents don’t really understand or value the digital revolution. Sometimes kids have to find their own ways to what they believe in.

The most important thing to realize is that we all have many teachers in our lives. Our parents teach us, our teachers teach us, and our peers teach us. Books and newspapers and television also teach us. All of them are valuable.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 08/10/2018


The table below shows the average band scores for students from different language groups taking the IELTS General Test in 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Listening Reading Writing Speaking Overall
German 6.8 6.3 6.6 6.9 6.7
French 6.3 6.1 6.5 6.6 6.5
Indonesian 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.7 6.3
Malay 6.2 6.4 6.0 6.6 6.4

ANSWER :-

The table illustrates the breakdown of scores for the IELTS General Test in 2010. It shows separate scores for all four modules (Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking), together with the overall band scores for students from four different language groups around the world.

From an overall perspective, German speakers achieved the highest overall band score. Moreover, they scored the highest of all four language groups in three modules of the test (Listening, Writing, Speaking).

French speaking candidates scored the second highest overall score of 6.7 out of 9, closely followed by Malay and Indonesian speakers. Although French speakers did not do so well in the Reading, Speaking and Listening modules compared to Indonesian and Malay speakers, there was a significant difference in their grades for the Writing module. These grades were high relative to Indonesian and Malay candidates. Surprisingly, Malay speakers, who achieved the second lowest result overall, achieved the highest results of all four language groups for the Reading module.

As a final point, it is interesting to note that the scores for each module show that all students, on average, scored the highest marks for the Speaking module and the lowest marks for the Reading module.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 08/10/2018


A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

ANSWER :-

New factories often bring many good things to a community, such as jobs and increased prosperity. However, in my opinion, the benefits of having a factory are outweighed by the risks. That is why I oppose the plan to build a factory near my community.

I believe that this city would be harmed by a large factory. In particular, a factory would destroy the quality of the air and water in town. Factories bring smog and pollution. In the long run, the environment will be hurt and people’s health will be affected. Having a factory is not worth that rise.

Of course, more jobs will be created by the factory. Our population will grow. To accommodate more workers, more homes and stores will be needed. Do we really want this much growth, so fast? If our town is going in growth, I would prefer slow growth with good planning. I don’t want to see rows of cheaply constructed townhouses. Our quality of life must be considered.

I believe that this growth will change our city too much. I love my hometown because it is a safe, small town. It is also easy to travel here. If we must expand to hold new citizens, the small-town feel will be gone. I would miss that greatly.

A factory would be helpful in some ways. However, I feel that the dangers are greater than the benefits. I cannot support a plan to build a factory here, and hope that others feel the same way.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 06/10/2018


The diagram shows the procedure for university entry for high school graduates.

Write a report for a university or college lecturer describing the information.

Ielts Writing Task 1

Answer:-

The flowchart illustrates the various steps that a high school student must follow to enter university.

Once the high school has been obtained, students need to complete an application for university entrance. This can be downloaded from the university website. The completed application should then be sent to the administration.

Applicants receive a reply two weeks later which is provisional acceptance, a rejection or an acceptance. If a rejection is received, students can either cancel their application altogether or complete an application for an alternative course and send to the administration office.

A provisional acceptance means that more documentation is required. Applicants in this situation should complete the additional documentation and submit them to the office. When an acceptance is received, the applicant should complete the enrollment form and select which subjects he or she wishes to undertake and register with the dean. When all this is complete, the applicant may enter university.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 05/10/2018


The graph below shows the population figures of different types of turtles in India between 1980 and 2012.

Summaries the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Writing Task 1

ANSWER :-

The total number of all species of turtles in India has been relatively stable over the last two decades, although there were significant drops in numbers between 1987 and 1989 and again in 1992 and 1996. Since 2004 there has been an improvement in numbers of all species, although the graph shows a slight decrease in 2010.

In contrast, the population of Leather back turtles has suffered a severe decline, particularly in 1988 when numbers fell dramatically. The rate of decline in the population appears to have slowed and it has remained relatively stable since 2009.

There was also a fall in the number of Green turtles of around 30% between 1984 and 2002. The population increased slightly in 2010 but it had dropped again by 2012.

It is only Olive Ridley turtles that have seen a steady increase in population over this period. Their numbers dropped slightly in 2007 and again in 2012 but the overall trend has been a positive one.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 05/10/2018


Illiteracy has traditionally been viewed as largely a third world problem.
However it is becoming apparent that in countries such as the USA and Australia, illiteracy is on the increase.

Discuss possible causes for this and its effect on society.

ANSWER :-

It is true that illiteracy is becoming a serious problem in industrialized nations. This is surprising as most people think that this is a problem only in under-developed nations such as in parts of Africa and India. Illiteracy is related to many other problems such as poverty, over-population and governmental corruption. Let us take a more detailed look at the causes of this growing problem in many Western nations.

One of the most obvious reasons for the increase in illiteracy is the advent of television. Children no longer have to read to obtain information. Neither do they have to read to relax. Today children get home from school and go straight to “the box” to watch their favorite program. Watching television is much easier and more exciting than reading.

Another reason for the increase in illiteracy is the fact that so many women work. This means that children are often alone at home and so they are unsupervised. When parents get home they are often too tired to spend quality time whit their children.

It is also true that many people blame schools for the decline in illiteracy. In many countries there has been a move away from teaching basic skills such as reading and writing.

There are many effects of this growing illiteracy rate. The most obvious is unemployment. This may in turn lead to alcohol and drug abuse. Ultimately the economy of the country begins to suffer and there is a drop in living standards.

To address this problem, parents need to become more aware of their responsibilities and schools need to consider a change in their teaching methods. If this worsening trend is not reversed, the problem of illiteracy will become very serious.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                               Dated:- 03/10/2018


Recent figures show an increase in violent crime among youngsters under the age of 18. Some psychologists claim that the basic reason for this is that children these days are not getting the social and emotional learning they need from parents and teachers.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

ANSWER :-

It does seem to be true that parents find teachers have lost the authority they used to have, especially in the eyes of teenagers. They are no longer seen as models for behavior: hard work, politeness and other positive qualities are seen as old fashioned. Many young people have no respect for these qualities or the people who represent them. In fact, I think when young people today are so rebellious that it’s possible that both parents and teachers are afraid to exercise their authority. However, I do not agree that this is the basic reason for the increase in teenage violence.

While I believe it is true that a lack of social and emotional learning contributes to the problem. Other factors are surely involved: economic factors, for example. If a child comes from a poor family and they live in low-quality housing in all undesirable area, this is sure to affect the child, however loving the parents are.

There is also the question of who your friends are. I believe that when you are in your teens your friends have more influence on you than your parents or teachers. At that age, you want to be part of a group, or even a gang, and this might lead to breaking the law in a number of ways.

In conclusion, while I agree that lack of social and emotional learning from parents and teachers is a factor in the growth of teenage violence, I do not believe that it is the only or main cause.


Task 1:-                                             (GANDHI JAYANTI)                                                         Dated:- 02/10/2018


The graphs below provide information on global population figures and figures for urban populations in different world regions.

Summaries the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

ielts writing task 1 preparation

ielts writing task 1 preparation

ANSWER :-

The first graph shows the trend in world population growth between 1800 and 2100, while the second graph gives predicted urban population figures for the next 25 years.

The world population has experienced continuous growth since 1800. Between 1800 and 1950, the population grew slowly from just under 1 billion to 2.5 billion people. After that, the growth rate increased and currently the figure is around 6.5 billion. Projections show a continued increase in population in the near future, but a steady decline in the population growth rate. The global population is expected to peak at 8.2 billion by 2050, and then decline to around 6.2 billion by 2100.

The predictions also show that almost all urban population growth in the next 25 years will occur in cities of developing countries. In developed regions, on the other hand, the urban population is expected to remain unchanged at about 1.3 billion people over the next two decades.

The graphs show that the global population increase will not occur evenly throughout the world, but will be greater in some areas than others.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 02/10/2018


If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what would you change?

Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

ANSWER :-

If I could change one thing about my hometown, I think it would be the fact that there’s no sense of community here. People don’t feel connected, they don’t look out for each other, and they don’t get to know their neighbors.

People come and go a lot here. They change jobs frequently and move on. This means that they don’t put down roots in the community. They don’t join community organizations and they’re not willing to get involved in trying to improve the quality of life. If someone has a petition to put in a new street light, she has a very hard time getting a lot of people to sign. They don’t feel it has anything to do with them. They don’t get involved in improving the schools because they don’t think the quality of education is important to their lives. They don’t see the connection between themselves and the rest of their community.

People don’t try to support others around them. They don’t keep a friendly eye on their children, or check in on older folks if they don’t see them for a few days. They’re not aware when people around them may be going through a hard time. For example, they may not know if a neighbor loses a loved one. There’s not a lot of community support for individuals.

Neighbors don’t get to know each other. Again, this is because people come and go within a few years. So when neighbors go on vacation, no one is keeping an eye on their house. No one is making sure nothing suspicious is going on there, like lights in the middle of the night. When neighbors’ children are cutting across someone’s lawn on their bikes, there’s no friendly way of casually mentioning the problem. People immediately act as if it’s a major property disagreement.

My hometown is a nice place to live in many ways, but it would be much nice if we had that sense of community.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 01/10/2018


The graph below shows waste recycling rates in the U.S. from 1960 to 2011.

Summaries the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

ielts writing sample

ANSWER :-

The graph depicts waste recycling rates in the U.S. from 1960 to 2011, in both percentage and tons.

Between 1960 and 1970, the percentage of garbage being recycled annually remained relatively steady at just over 6%. It then rose slightly over the next 15 years to 10.1% in 1985.

On the other hand, the amount of garbage being recycled tripled during the same period, from 5.6 million tons in 1960 to 16.7 million tons in 1985. Following this sharp increase, the amount of waste material being recycled has risen significantly between 1985 and 2011 when it peaked at 86.9 million tons.

Similarly, the recycling rate continued to grow sharply from 1985 to 1995, and then at a slower rate over the next 15 years until it reached a peak of 34.7% in 2011. However, this figure is still disappointing compared to the total amount of waste being recycled each year


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 01/10/2018


Computers and modems have made it possible for office workers to do much of their work from home instead of working in offices every day. Working from home should be encouraged as it is good for workers and employers.

Do you agree or disagree?

ANSWER :-

In recent years the vast expansion of information and communications technology has made teleworking much more practical. Although in many cases office workers could be made geographically independent by using modems, faxes and cell phones, few companies or employees take full advantage of this possibility.

There are a number of strong arguments in favor of allowing workers to work from home. Firstly costs for employers would be reduced because businesses would require less office space, which is often situated in the center of large cities. Secondly, worker’s lives would be improved in a variety of ways. For example, they would not need to travel to get to work, which would give them more free time.

Also, they could combine their work with their family life, which is a major advantage if they are parents of young children or they have old people to look after. On the other hand, traveling to a centralized workplace also has a number of points in its favor. The first is that many employees would miss the social aspect of work such as seeing colleagues and meeting customers. A further point is that employers would need to be able to trust their workers to work at a high standard and finish their work on time, since supervising teleworkers is even more complicated than supervising workers in the same office.

Finally, working from home might inhibit teamwork and creative work and so perhaps so only really suitable for people doing routine office work.

In conclusion, I believe that while many workers welcome the opportunity to go out to work, others would find the chance to work from home very convenient. Where possible, I think workers should be offered the choice, but not forced to work from home unless they wish to.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 28/09/2018


The bar chart below gives information about the percentage of the population living in urban areas in the world and in different continents.

Summaries the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Bar Chart

ANSWER :-

The bar chart shows the urbanization percentage of the world in 1950 and compares this with the percentage in 2007 and the projected percentage for 2030.

Between 1950 and 2030, the proportion of the world’s population residing in cities is expected to double, growing from 29% to 60%. However, this rate is less marked in some continents than others.

For example, 64% of the population of North America was urban in 1950, increasing to 79% by 2007. By contrast, just 15% of the African population was urban in 1950, but this rose to 37% by 2007. This represents one of the highest urbanization rates in the world, even though the percentage of Africans in urban areas is still smaller than the world average.

It is also clear from the graph that, urbanization in Latin America is projected to be higher than Europe in 2030, in spite of being lower in 1950.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 28/09/2018


Some parents buy their children a large number of toys to play with.

What are the advantages and disadvantages for the child of having a large number of toys?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

ANSWER :-

It is true that many parents purchase a multitude of playthings for their offspring. Whether or not this is a good thing for the child, is a moot point. On the face of it the advantages seem most apparent, but could there be a downside to this phenomenon of devoted parenting as well?

Most people would consider children who have many toys to be the fortunate ones. Interesting things to play with stimulate many positives in the young boy or girl, such as optimum brain development, hand-eye coordination and colour recognition, apart from the simple joy of playing. Modern toys are designed to be educational as well as fun, and concerned parents carefully select products which might speed their child’s acquisition of numbers or the alphabet.

Is it possible that owning multiple toys could be in any way detrimental to a child? This is an unusual question, but there are some hidden pitfalls. For one, wealthy parents might spoil their son or daughter by showering him/her with toys, resulting in a negative effect on the child’s character. For another, a growing child’s concentration span may suffer if they are constantly surrounded by too many tempting objects, so that they become unable to focus on any one game for a decent length of time before being distracted. On the social side, older children may become targets of envy from classmates, if they are perceived as having far more possessions than their peers. Finally, the majority of toys today are made of plastic which commonly contains the chemical BPA, proven to be dangerous for infants to suck on or ingest.

It is clear then that this situation is not as straightforward as it first appears. It would seem that one of the many duties of parents is to make an informed choice about how many toys they buy for their young ones.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 27/09/2018


The chart below gives information about the UK’s ageing population in 1985 and makes predictions for 2035.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

ielts writing sample

ANSWER :-

The graph shows how the size and distribution of the UK’s ageing population is likely to change over a 50-year period.

Overall, the proportions are predicted to increase in all UK countries. In 1985, 15 per cent of the UK population was over 65, but by 2035, this will account for 23 per cent of the total population.

A closer look at the data reveals that the ageing population is expected to rise more in some parts of the UK than in other. In 1985, Wales had the highest percentage of people aged 65 and over, at 16 per cent. The second-largest group could be found in England and the third in Scotland. Northern Ireland had lowest proportion, with 12 per cent aged 65 and over.

By 2035, Wales is still going to have by far the greatest percentage of over 65s, with figures likely to reach 26 per cent. However, the biggest increases in this age group, relative to the rest of the population, are predicted to occur in Northern Ireland and Scotland. In Northern Ireland, for example, this figure will increase almost double to 23 per cent.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 27/09/2018


Governments should make more effort to promote alternative sources of energy.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

ANSWER :-

It has been known for some time now that a move towards sources of energy which are not carbon-based is urgently required to stop the effects of global warming. In my view, there are too few governments who seem to be promoting the use of other types of energy such as wind, wave, solar and nuclear sources of energy.

Governments at present are too reliant on coil, oil and gas. Although some governments are doing research into the use of alternative energy sources, many are not. Energy from the wind, the sea and the sun does not pollute the environment and is an everlasting source of power. Nuclear power is clean, and although it is not totally unproblematic, it would provide a large amount of energy and dramatically improve the environment. Countries such as France have made good use of nuclear power.

My feeling is that more use could be made of wind power. In some countries, there has been a reluctance to use wind turbines, even in areas which are not densely populated, as some people believe they are eyesores. Personally, I believe they are not only useful, but beautiful as well. Governments should spend more time and effort promoting the benefits of this source of energy and trying to make the public understand the reason for change.

In conclusion, I believe that, if governments forced everyone to have a wind turbine and solar panels on the building they live in, made more use of wave power and built more nuclear power stations, then they would manage to avert the dangers that are seriously threatening the Earth.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 26/09/2018


The bar chart below shows shares of expenditures for five major categories in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Japan in the year 2009.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

Bar Chart

ANSWER :-

The bar chart compares how consumers in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Japan allocated different shares of total spending to categories such as food, housing, and transportation in 2009.

We can see that the United States had the highest housing expenditure share, 26% of total expenditures in 2009. The United Kingdom and Japan followed, with 24% and 22%, respectively. Canada had the lowest housing share at 21%. Housing was the largest expenditure component in all countries except Japan.

By contrast, Canada had the largest transportation share of all four countries at 20%. The United States and the United Kingdom had the next-highest transportation shares, 17% and 15%, respectively. Japan had the lowest, at 10%.

However, in Japan, consumers spent 23% of their total expenditures on food in 2009. The United Kingdom had the second-highest share at 20%. Canada, with 15%, and the United States, with 14% had the lowest food expenditure shares among the countries studied.

Overall, the data indicates that housing and health care shares of total expenditures were higher in the United States than in Canada, the United Kingdom, and Japan in 2009, whereas Americans had the lowest clothing share. Canada had the highest clothing and transportation shares, and Japan had the highest food share, among the countries compared.


Task 2:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 26/09/2018


School children are becoming far too dependent on computers. This is having an alarming effect on reading and writing skills. Teachers need to avoid using computers in the classroom at all costs and go back to teaching basic study skills.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

ANSWER :-

Nowadays modern technology has totally changed our approach to study. In many countries students no longer have to copy notes by hand from the blackboard; instead the teacher gives them a photocopy. Rather than messy ink and pen, students present a typed-up copy of their assignments. Their computer even checks their spelling as they go. In fact, some people believe that modern technology does a lot of our thinking for us and, as a result, we are going to lose our ability to think for ourselves.

In my opinion, spelling skills have definitely deteriorated in recent years. So many young people use mobile phones to send text messages where speed and conciseness are more important than spelling or grammar. Some teachers complain that these students take the same attitude toward their assignments.

On the other hand, typed assignments are much easier to read and are much neater. Frankly, I find some notes or texts which are handwritten almost impossible to read. Doctors, for example, have a reputation for illegible handwriting, which could lead to disastrous medical mistakes. Perhaps it is time we focused not on handwriting but on presenting information as accurately as possible.

One advantage of computers is that access to the Internet has opened up a new world of learning for us. We no longer have to wait for a book that has already been borrowed from the library before we do our research. In fact, the Internet can clearly be used to research information in the same way as a library but more conveniently.

On the whole, rather than holding students back, I believe modern technology has actually improved standards of education considerably.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 25/09/2018


The charts give information about two genres of TV programmes watched by men and women and four different age groups in Australia.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Bar Chart

ANSWER

The charts give information about the genres of TV programmes that Australian men and women and different age groups watch. It is clear from the charts that women tend to watch more television than man overall, although they watch slightly fewer game shows. The people who watch the most television are in the 45+ age group.

Nearly 70% of women watch reality shows, which is almost twice as many as the percentage of men who choose this genre of programme. Nevertheless, most age groups watch more reality shows than game shows revealing that game shows are generally less popular than reality shows.

The percentage of people watching reality shows increases steadily from ages 16 to 45 with the lowest / smallest percentage of viewers, at just over 50% of the age group 16-24 and the highest / biggest / largest / greatest percentage, at 68% of the over-45s.

However, the pattern is different for game shows. The number of programmes watched by 25- to 44-year-olds is significantly / considerably lower than the number watched by 16- to 24-year-olds and those over 45. Just over 50% of 16- to 24-year-olds watch game shows, but this share is not as high as the share of people aged 45 and over watching game shows, at nearly 70%. Only 41% of 35- to 44-year-olds watch game shows, and the share of 24- to 34-year-olds is slightly / even lower at 38%.


Task 1:-                                                                                                                                              Dated:- 03/09/2018


The bar graph below shows the numbers of male and female research students studying six computer science subjects at a US university in 2011.

Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Ielts Writing Task 1

Answer:-

The bar chart shows the gender distribution of students doing computer scientific research across a range of disciplines at a US university in 2011.

In five of the six disciplines, males outnumbered females. Male students made up a particularly large proportion of the student group in subjects related to the study of programming objects: mathematics, programming, and engineering. The gender gap was particularly large in the field of mathematics, where there were five times as many male students as female students.

Men and women were more equally represented in subjects related to the study of computer science: natural sciences, psychology, and linguistics. In natural science, there were nearly as many women [approximately 200] as men [approximately 240]. This was also true of psychology. Linguistics was the only discipline in which women outnumbered men [roughly 110 women vs. 90 men].

Overall, the chart shows that at this university, computer science subjects continue to be male-dominated; however, women have a significant presence in fields related to psychology and the computer sciences.


 

Task  1:-                                                        Dated  31/08/2018


The flow chart illustrates the consequence of deforestation. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.

IELTS Writing Task 1

Answer:

The flow chart shows what typically occurs as a consequence of deforestation. When trees are removed, there are four main immediate effects, which eventually result in flooding, degraded vegetation and a loss of biodiversity.

One immediate effect is soil which has been compacted by heavy equipment. The result hard, ‘baked’ soil contributes to the run off of rain water and, eventually, flooding.

Another immediate consequence of logging is a reduction in the number of roots holding the soil together. This leads to soil erosion. As a consequence, the quality and variety of vegetation is compromised.

The third immediate effect is burning, both deliberate and a consequence of an increased risk of forest fires. The waste that remains after loggings is destroyed and the microorganisms that feed on this material are lost. This leads to degraded vegetation.

The final immediate consequence is a reduction in the amount of moisture plants return to the air. Because there is less moisture in the air, there is less precipitation and an increased incidence of drought. This too reduces plant growth and ultimately results in degraded vegetation and a loss of biodiversity.


Task  1:-                                                        Dated  27/08/2018


The chart below shows the amount spent on six consumer goods in four European countries.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

IELTS

model answer:

The chart shows that Britain, among the four European countries listed, has spent most heavily on the range of consumer goods included. In every case, British spending is considerably higher than that of other countries; only in the case of tennis racquets does another country, Italy, come close.

In contrast, Germany is generally the lowest spender. This Is most evident in photographic film, where Germany spends much less than Britain. Germany only spends more than another country, France, in two cases; tennis racquets and perfumes.

Meanwhile, France and Italy generally maintain middle positions, averaging approximately similar spending overall. Specifically, France spends more on CDs and photographic film but less on tennis racquets than Italy does. Italys spending on personal stereos is only marginally greater than that of France, while spending on toys is equal between the two.

It is clear from the data given that there are some significant differences in spending habits within Europe.


Task 2                                                           Dated  27/08/2018


Some people think paying taxes is a big enough contribution to their society, while others think people have more responsibilities as members of society than only paying taxes.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Answer :-

It is thought by some that making a big contribution to the society can sufficiently be done just by paying taxes, while others argue that other than paying taxes, there are many more responsibilities which should be fulfilled by people as members of a society. This essay will elaborate both of the views in detail.

To begin with, paying taxes is certainly a useful and effective contribution to the society as it will give financial resources to the authority for the development of a country. Since the public budget from the taxes is used in all crucial aspects of a nation, paying taxes is undoubtedly a great contribution for a citizen. Firstly, it is used to develop infrastructures, like constructing streets, hospitals, schools, and public facilities including public telephones, transportations, libraries, amusement parks etc. Furthermore, it is used to pay salaries of civil servants who work for the government and the society. Moreover, it can be used to give public subsidies on education, medical treatment, and fuel prices. Obviously, it is right that from taxes, a government gets necessary budgets which remarkably ease the progress of the country. Yet, to create an exemplary contribution in a society, people are required to take other responsibilities and abide by the rules and laws.

Meanwhile, other forms of contributions from citizens are really needed to make some positive changes in a society, particularly in developing countries. Indonesia, for example, as one of the biggest countries consisting of 34 provinces and have more than 200 million people. Such countries direly need involvements of citizens in supporting government initiated programmes, especially by mutual cooperation as a form of contribution. By doing so, people can directly and immediately work together to protect their environment like planting trees and cleaning up their surroundings, as well as protecting the public facilities which are already available. Being a law-abiding citizen means much than paying taxes.

To infer, I am convinced that while paying taxes is a useful way to contribute to the society, other social responsibilities have great importance as well.


Task 1:-                                                       Dated:- 23/08/2018


 The table illustrates the proportion of monthly household income five European countries spend on food and drink, housing, clothing and entertainment.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Proportion of household income five European countries spend on food and drink, housing, clothing and entertainment

Food and drink Housing Clothing Entertainment
France
25%

31%

7%

13%

Germany

22%

33%

15%

19%

UK

27%

37%

11%

11%

Turkey

36%

20%

12%

10%

Spain

31%

18%

8%

15%

Answer:-

The table shows the amount of household income that five countries in Europe spend per month on four items. Overall, it is evident that all five countries spend the majority of their income on food and drink and housing, but much less on clothing and entertainment.

Housing is the largest expenditure item for France, Germany and the UK, with all of them spending around one third of their income on this, at 30%, 33% and 37%, respectively. In contrast, they spend around a quarter on food and drink.  However, this pattern is reversed for Turkey and Spain, who spend around a fifth of their income on housing, but approximately one third on food and drink.

All five countries spend much less on the remaining two items. For clothing, France and Spain spend the least, at less than 10%, while the other three countries spend around the same amount, ranging between 11% and 15%.  At 19%, Germany spends the most on entertainment, whereas UK and Turkey spend approximately half this amount, with France and Spain’s spending between those other three nations.


Task 2:-                                                        Dated:- 23/08/2018


The older generations tend to have very traditional ideas about how people should live, think and behave. However, some people believe that these ideas are not helpful in preparing younger generations for modern life.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this view?

Answer:-

Nowadays, life has been changed dramatically due to technological developments. Many orthodox ways of spending lives have become obsolete and outdated. Some people are still stick to their traditions and cultures and are very reluctant to accept new and modern ways of lives. However, some people state that in order to compete with the current challenges, we should train our younger generation with the latest and trendy ideas.

Firstly, people like to live in joint family system for the rest of their life. This gives them opportunity to learn from their ancestor about various aspect of life. There is always a special place for elder, younger like to obey and respect them and followed their instructions. Such kind of love and respect is hard to see in modern life style. Adults become more independent, showing less respect towards their parents decisions and other aspect of life.

Secondly, there has been an element of care for their family and other members of the society in the past. Now, everyone first think about their own benefit and less likely to care about others. By this I mean that new ideas contribute in making our generation selfish and egoist.

Thirdly, there is a significant change in people behavior in modern world; they have less patience while doing any work. They have become lazier and more opted towards shortcuts and less mean of work.

Finally, I strongly believe that traditional ways for preparing younger generation is idle and have many in-deniable benefits than modern ways of handling youngster.


Task 1:-                                                          Dated:- 22/08/2018


The pie chart shows the percentage of women in poverty and the bar chart shows poverty rates by sex and age. They are from the United States in 2008.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Answer

The pie chart ilustrates the proportion of women in poverty by household composition in the United States in 2008 and the bar graph indicates the differences in rates of poverty by sex and age. At first glance it can be seen that single women with no dependent children made up the largest group in poverty and that poverty was highest for women and children.

The pie chart shows that single women suffered from poverty the most. Single women without children represented 54% of the total in poverty, and poverty for those with dependent children stood at just over a quarter. Married women with and without children accounted for the remaining fifth, or 20%.

Turning to the bar chart, poverty rates were highest amongst children, and the rates were roughly equal for males and females, at around 21% for under 5s and 15% for 5-17 year olds. However, from ages 18-24, the gap between men and women widened significantly, with approximately 14% of men in poverty compared to over 20% for women. Poverty declined throughout the adult years for both sexes, but a gap remained and this gap almost doubled in old age.


Task 2:-                                                             Dated:- 22/08/2018


Some people prefer to provide help and support directly to those in need. Others however prefer to give money to national and international charitable organisations.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Answer :

Giving money to those in need can be a personally satisfying experience, but there is a choice between donating nationally and internationally through charities or giving directly to those around you. This essay will consider the merits of both approaches.

The first advantage of providing direct support is that you can know exactly how your money is being spent. For example, if you give money directly to people in your local village or town, you can see where it has gone. When you donate to larger charitable organisations, on the other hand, you are not sure how much will actually be given to those in need as opposed going on other costs such as administration and expensive marketing campaigns. Another benefit is that you can see the impacts on those you are helping, which can lead not only to great personal satisfaction but also to respect from others in the local community who appreciate the work you do.

There are advantages, however, in giving to charities that are national and international. First and foremost there is the choice of good causes. Locally the kinds of places to help may be limited, but in larger organisations you can get involved in such activities as sponsoring a child or conserving wildlife. Not only this, donating to larger charities with an international reach means having the knowledge that you are involved in issues of fundamental global importance, such as curing diseases and human rights, or helping those caught up in tragic environmental events, such as flooding, earthquakes and famines.

In conclusion, given the benefits of both, I would argue that an individual should make their own choice based on their personal preferences and whichever provides them with the most personal satisfaction. What is crucial is that we continue to give to those who are more in need than ourselves.


Task 1:-                                                             Dated:- 18/08/2018


The illustrations show how chocolate is produced.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Answer:-

The diagram explains the process for the making of chocolate. There are a total of ten stages in the process, beginning with the growing of the pods on the cacao trees and culminating in the production of the chocolate.

To begin, the cocoa comes from the cacao tree, which is grown in the South American and African continents and the country of Indonesia.  Once the pods are ripe and red, they are harvested and the white cocoa beans are removed. Following a period of fermentation, they are then laid out on a large tray so they can dry under the sun. Next, they are placed into large sacks and delivered to the factory. They are then roasted at a temperature of 350 degrees, after which the beans are crushed and separated from their outer shell. In the final stage, this inner part that is left is pressed and the chocolate is produced.


Task 2:-                                                           Dated:- 18/08/2018


Formal examinations are the only effective way to assess a student’s performance. Continual assessment such as course work and projects is not a satisfactory way to do this.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Write at least 250 words.

Answer:-

Many educational establishments such as schools and universities are choosing to assess their students through course work and projects undertaken during term time rather than the traditional examinations. Continual assessment can be an effective way to evaluate student’s abilities, but formal examinations should also be maintained.

There are two principal benefits of formal examinations. Firstly, they are a fair system as every student has an equal opportunity since they all sit the same exam at the same time, meaning that those students who work hard should be rewarded with a high grade. In addition to this, it is also difficult to cheat if the exam is properly invigilated.  However, some students naturally excel in exams, whereas others find it difficult to work under these stressful and time-constrained conditions. Formal exams, may not, therefore, always reflect a student’s true ability.

Continual assessment, on the other hand, allows those students who work at a slower pace more time to work on their course work and projects.  The teacher can also observe and assist students who may be weaker, thus providing them with the opportunity to improve during the term. Not only this, projects encourage team work, an important skill that is necessary for future employment. Focusing only on formal exams may mean that this important component of children’s development is not seen as important by teachers or students.

To conclude, it is evident that both continual assessment and formal examinations are effective in different ways, but they also have weaknesses. I would therefore argue that in order to have robust evaluation procedures in the future, both should be used to assess students during their education.


Task 1:-                                                              Dated:- 14/08/2018


The charts below show the growth in the population in some of the world’s largest cities as well as the population distribution in urban and rural areas.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Population in Five cities

Top 5 biggest cities by population (millions)

IELTS Table Data - Top five cities with highest population

World population in billions

Population in Rural and Urban area

Answer:-

The bar graph compares the populace in five metropolitan areas in different years while the table outlines the top five cities with the highest population in the world. Finally, the line graph compares urban and rural population distribution from 1980 to 2010. Generally speaking, the population growth in Bombay and Jakarta was faster than that of other cities and Tokyo city had the highest citizens in 2010. Moreover, a higher number of people started living in urban areas than rural areas after 2005.

According to the bar graph, more than 15 million people lived in Tokyo in 1970 and that was higher than that of New York and Shanghai. Population in Bombay was one-third than the population in Tokyo this year and Jakarta had 2.5 million people, the least among the given cities. The population in Tokyo increased to 27.6 million in 2010 and this was the city with the highest population. However, population growth in Bombay and Jakarta, almost 5.5 times, was higher than any other city listed.

The table data shows that New York was the biggest city in the world in terms of its population in 1950 with exactly 12.5 million people. London and Tokyo stood at the second and third position in this list while Moscow with its 5.3 million people was in 5th position. In 2010, Tokyo became the biggest city for its population and interesting Bombay occupied the second position in this list with 26.6 million people, though it was nowhere on the top-five-list in 1950.

Finally, the line graph reveals that 3 billion people dwelled in rural areas in 1980 while less than 2 billion in cities. In 2010, the number of city-living-residents upsurged to over 4 billion while it was slightly over 3 billion for rural people.


Task 2:-                                                              Dated:- 14/08/2018


In many cities the use of video cameras in public places is being increased in order to reduce crime, but some people believe that these measures restrict our individual freedom.
Do the benefits of increased security outweigh the drawbacks?

Answer:-

It is true that video surveillance has become commonplace in many cities in recent years. While I understand that critics may see this as an invasion of privacy, I believe that the benefits do outweigh the drawbacks.

There are two main reasons why people might disapprove of the use of video cameras in public places. The first objection is that these cameras invade our privacy, in the sense that we are constantly being watched by the authorities or by private security firms. Many people find this intrusive and feel that the recording of their movements is a form of state control that curtails their individual freedom. The second argument against the proliferation of CCTV cameras is that they are being used as an alternative to police officers patrolling the streets. If this is indeed happening, then it is unlikely that members of the public will feel safer.

In spite of the drawbacks mentioned above, I believe that the use of video cameras to monitor public areas is a positive measure. The key objective of video surveillance is to deter criminals and to prevent crime. For example, petty criminals like shoplifters and pickpockets are less likely to operate in parts of cities where they know that they are being watched. At the same time, when crimes are committed, the police can use video evidence to catch and prosecute offenders. Therefore, in my view, video cameras offer valuable support to police officers, and they make cities safer for inhabitants, workers and visitors alike.

In conclusion, it seems to me that we gain more than we lose from the enhanced security that CCTV cameras bring to our cities.


Task 1:-                                                              Dated:- 11/08/2018


The line graphs below show the production and demand for steel in million tonnes and the number of workers employed in the steel industry in the UK in 2010.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Line Graph - Demand for steel in the UK in 2010

Number of workers employed in the steel industry in the UK

Answer:

The first line graph compares the steel production and the demand in the UK in 2010 while the second one reveals the employee number in the industry in the same year. Overall, the production of steel was higher throughout the year than that of the demand except in December and the highest number of employees was employed in this industry at the beginning of the year.

According to the first graph, the UK produced 4000 million tonnes steel in January 2010 and at that time the demand was exactly the half of that. After the first quarter, the production and needs for steel remained almost the same. At the end of the second quarter, August, the UK’s steel production stool at just over 3 thousand million tonnes against a million tonnes less demand. From January to November, the production was higher than the demand and the gap between these two was on average a million tonne. However, the scenario shifted dramatically at the end of the year. From September to November, the steel production plummeted and so did the demand. In December, the demand for steel exceeded the total production.

The second line graph reveals that 5 million employees worked in the steel industry and this number dropped to two million less in April. From that time onward, the employee number showed some fluctuations and in August, the UK steel sector employed around 3.5 million workers. This number continuously dropped throughout the rest of the year and declined to 1 million in December.


Task 1:-                                                              Dated:- 09/08/2018


The graph below shows how the prices of apples and oranges changed between 2010 and 2014 in Australia.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Prices of apples and oranges between 2010 and 2014 in Australia.

Answer:-

The bar graph compares price variations of apples and oranges in Australia over a 5-year period, commencing from 2010. Overall, the price of these two fruits went up every year and orange became more expensive than apples in later years despite a reverse price scenario in early years.

According to the diagram, per pound apple cost approximately 4.5 dollars in 2010 in Australia. At that time, the price of per pound orange was 4 dollar. Next year, the price of both fruits increased and it took roughly 5 dollars to purchase one pound apple while per pound orange was sold at just over 4 dollars. Interestingly, the price of apple and orange in 2012 became almost identical – 5 dollar. After a year, orange was slightly expensive than apple as their prices were nearly 5 dollars 10 cents and 5 dollars 20 cents respectively. In the final year, 2014,  the orange became even more expensive than apples. At that time, apple was sold for roughly 5 dollars 20 cents per pound while it was approximately 70 cents more for the same amount of orange.


Task 2:-                                                             Dated:- 09/08/2018


Many people join distance-learning programmes (study material, post, TV, Internet) and study at home, but some people think that it cannot bring the same benefit as attending colleges or universities does.

Do you agree or disagree?

Answer:-

Distance learning, a modern phenomenon, has become widely popular especially after the invention of the internet. In the pre-internet era, it was confined in posts, TV and could attract a nominal number of leaners. Despite a boom in home-based learning trend, it is not as much beneficial as attending a formal educational institute, as far as I am concerned.

To begin with, a university does not aim to teach only some textbook lessons to its pupils. Rather it focuses on creating an enlighted generation through a favourable environment where students learn to interact with each other, discover the diversity of cultures, and learn to face challenges. Some video scripts and printed documents cannot teach them how to use those in the practical world. For instance, someone who learns a skill online finds it difficult to implement it in the real world. Thus their poor performance in professional life is imminent.

Moreover, instructors have extensive experience in dealing students from different backgrounds and modify their lessons according to the capacity of the students. This is completely absent in distance learning method and thus the single-package-fits-all model is less productive. Taking an online course to learn to play the guitar could be a classic example. A recent study by the University of Sussex reveals that nine out of ten online guitar learners fail to master it due to the lack of motivation and this is where the formal education comes in – motivating students. Taking distance learning courses for learning a programming language, or how to cook a cuisine can be useful for many. But this can never be the alternatives to education we receive from the colleges or universities.

To conclude, we attend colleges or higher educational institutes to learn about life, to bring out the best in us and become an enlighted citizens, not to memorise lessons and pass exams. While distance learning can be an added bonus to our already enlighted mind, it can never be the same as studying at a college or university.


Task 1:                                                               Dated:- 08/08/2018 


The diagram shows the relationship between a numbers of different languages. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words

IELTS Writing Task 1

Answer:-

The diagram shows the varieties of English spoken throughout the world and how they are related.

There are two main branches of English: British English and American English. The British English Branch is geographically wide-spread. It extends across several continents from the West Indies, through the British Isles themselves, Africa, the Indian subcontinent, the Far East and Australasia. In addition to the four varieties of English spoken in the British Isles (i.e. in Ireland, Wales, Scotland and England), it includes a large number of other varieties, for instance Jamaican English, South Africa English, and Australian English.

The American branch is largely restricted to the American continent. It comprises the varieties of English spoken in the different region of the United States itself, as well as in Canada. Beyond the continent, the extent of its influence is limited to the Philippines in the Far East and American Samoa in the Pacific.

In brief, the diagram shows that, like the economic and political influence of the Anglo Saxon countries, the reach of English has extended to virtually every region of the world.


Task2 :-                                           Dated:-08/08/2018


Many people strive to maintain a successful career and happy family life at the same time. What problems can this situation create? What are the possible solutions?

Give reasons for your answer and give any relevant example or experience you have to support your answer.

You should write at least 250 words.

Nowadays, people are highly ambitious towards their career while maintaining their healthy lifestyle. There is no doubt that it is not an easy task and it required lots of efforts and will-power.  Therefore, this has led to various issues such as lack of attention in home chores, avoiding responsibilities etc. However, keeping a balance between office and home life could dramatically change the situation.

The problems arise when people start avoiding taking interest for home and they start focusing mainly on their career growth. By this I mean that their primary focus of interest shifted from home to office work. Furthermore, lack of attention towards family could create isolation in the family that will have dire consequences on children. The competitive job responsibilities and enhanced working time are also contributing to the lack of attention many people put for their family.

However, sharing responsibilities, cooperating with each other would definitely help in these circumstances. The best possible solution is to make a balance in their lives by giving proper time and attentions on both sides. Cooperation and adjustment within family members would leave an undeniable impression on their lives. Moreover, by dividing responsibilities and sharing tasks will ensure a smooth running of matters. Women can also play a pivotal role by supporting their husbands in different aspects of life. Their participation and interest is a key for happy life.

To sum up, I would like to say that great achievements always come with sacrifices. However, by getting support from family and peer group help in getting the desired result. Therefore, individuals should keep striving for bright future while continuing happy and healthy relations at home.


Task 1:-                                                                 Dated:- 07/08/2018


The graph below presents the number of different airline flights coming to Hong Kong per week in 1980 and 2000.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown in the diagrams below.

Write at least 150 words.

Different flights to Hong Kong per week in 1980 and 2000.

The bar graph shows the number of incoming flights from different airlines to Hong Kong in a week in 1980 and 2000. Overall, weekly incoming flights to Hong Kong increased significantly in 20 years and the majority of these flights came from Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia. The bar graph shows the number of incoming flights from different airlines to Hong Kong in a week in 1980 and 2000. Overall, weekly incoming flights to Hong Kong increased significantly in 20 years and the majority of these flights came from Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia.

According to the illustration, the highest airlifts in a week in Hong Kong was from Singapore Airways, accounting 16 different flights in 1980. Japanese and Thai Airlines landed 12 flights each to Hong Kong. Different air flights from Malaysia and Korea were marginally lower than that of Thai Airways. Cathay Pacific had 8 flights in a week and the lease number of air voyages to Hong Kong came from Canadian Air – only 2/week.

After two decades, the weekly flight number from these airways considerably went up and the highest flights (45) came from Thai Airways, roughly 4 times higher than that of two decades ago. A similar number of flights came from Malaysian and Singaporean airlines and these flights noticeably rose compared to 1980’s flight number. Interestingly, 10 flights per week came from Dragon airways in 2000 and this airline did not have any flight to Hong Kong in 1980. Flights from Japanese and Korean airways trebled and doubled respectively per week while 5 from Canadian Airs reached Hong Kong per week.


Task2:_                                                               Dated:- 07/08/2018


Most employers do job interviews before offering a position to a person. Do you think this is the best way to do it, or are there better alternatives? What is the best method of choosing employees in your opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Answer:-

Selecting the right candidates for the jobs offered is not an easy task,  and it often requires extensive work such as data collection, screenings, scrutiny and interviewing before actually employing the employees. The interview is the most effective and fast way of finding the suitable candidates according to the nature of a job. Some other methods such as comprehensive written test, practical test and different scenarios could also help in this regard. I believe that interview is most successful and widely used technique to select the appropriate employees.

There is no doubt that interview plays a pivotal role in the recruitment process and has become a mandatory constituent of candidate selection process. Normally, interviews help employers to judge the expertise and knowledge of different candidates about the subject. Some other traits such as confidence, personality, intelligence and communication skills could only be evaluated through the interview. In addition, this is the most convenient and rapid way that could exercise without spending huge expenses and time.

However, sometimes candidates are unable to perform and express according to their strengths due to shyness and lack of confidence. By this way, employers fail to hire potential and knowledgeable persons. Other methods of choosing employees also significantly help at this time. Written test, practical demonstration of skills and making strategies in given situation are exceptional ways of knowing their strengths and weaknesses and are extensively used in institutions such as education, agriculture and army.

To sum up, I would like to say that the interview is commonly exercised in contemporary societies because of its effectiveness and higher success rate in selecting the right employees. Other ways of choosing employee are also helpful but demand more costs and time for their setup.


Task 1                                                                 Dated: 06/08/2018


The table below shows the number of medals won by the top ten countries in the London 2012 Olympic Games.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Medals won by countries in the London Olympic Games

Answer :

The given data shows the top ten medal winning countries in the London Olympic Games that was held in the year 2012. As is presented in the table data, the United States won the highest number of medals while Hungary had the least number of medals in this Olympic Games.

According to the presentation, USA won the highest number of medals which was 104 and they also got the highest number of Gold and Silver medals. The highest number of Bronze medals was won by the Russian participants which were 32. Two Asian countries were in the top-ten-list, in terms of their medal winning, were China and South Korea. China won 88 medals in total, of which 29 were gold medals. South Korea was in 5th position with their 28 total medals. UK and Russia were in 3rd and 4th positions respectively with 65 and 82 medals. Though Russia won more medals than the UK, they were in 4th position because of the fact that the UK participants won more gold medals which seem to have better points than silver and bronze medals to be in the top position. The other countries who were in the Top-ten-list were Germany, France, Italy, Hungary and Australia with less than 50 medals in total. The least gold medal winning country was Australia and they were in the 10th position of the list.


Task 2                                                                 Dated: 06/08/2018


The money given to help poor countries does not solve the problem of poverty, so rich countries should give other types of help instead.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer:

It is said that support funds that are given to third world countries will not solve the poverty issue and therefore developed countries should think of other kinds of help, which are more effective. To a certain point, I would agree that there should be an alternative kind of help for the poor countries, but financial support would also be needed for a short time period.

Many experts believe that financial supports that are given to poor countries are not effective and efficient; therefore there should be other kinds of help which could be considered. Firstly, it is a fact that illiteracy has become one of the major issues in poor countries, and developed countries could send some of their teachers to improve the education system there. It is hoped should the literacy rate increase, the number of unemployment will gradually reduce. Secondly, people of the poor countries are suffering due to the low quality of the health system there. Building more qualified hospitals and improving the quality of the medical staffs would be an effective way to help them. And lastly, many third world countries have a bad infrastructure and public transportation facilities. By building more roads and improving the public transports there, it is hoped that people of these poor countries would be more productive as they will have easier access to their workplaces.

It can be seen that all of the alternative ideas are long term projects, and people would only see the improvement after ten or fifteen years minimum. For a short period of time, financial aid is still needed by the third world countries; as governments could not provide decent health and education system, and many people are starving and sick. However, since corruption is also a serious problem in poor countries, strict monitoring over the financial support should be a priority, to ensure that the fund is appropriately utilised.

In conclusion, to a certain extent, I would agree that financial aids given by advanced countries to poor nations would not be the best solution in solving the poverty issue. However, since resolving poverty problem would be a long term project, financial help should also be given for a short period of time, but it should be strictly controlled.


Task 1                                                                 Dated: 04/08/2018


The flowchart below shows the process involved in completing the work experience requirement for university students.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Process in completing work experience for university students

Answer

The given flowchart presents the steps required to complete the requirements for work experience of the university students. As is presented in the flowchart, there are six steps involved in fulfilling the requirements starting from the Application submission till submitting the final report and after a student successfully complete these steps, s/he would be awarded the necessary credits.

As is presented in the flowchart, the first step of the process is called ‘Application’ that requires a student to choose a suitable and potential work space and to arrange the interview to submit the application in the fields s/he is interested in. The next step involves the approval stage where a student needs to be accepted and then s/he needs to submit the acceptance letter to a professor for approval. After that, the student is required to make a schedule to work for more than 10 hours per week for more than 20 weeks.  In the fourth stage, the candidate has to fulfill the weekly work report and submit to the corresponding professor each Friday. In the Evaluation step, the candidate will participate in the evaluation meeting in the final week of his/ her work with the work supervisor and the supervisor would submit the evaluation form. In the final step, known as ‘Final Report’, the candidate has to submit the final report before the last week of spring semester. And with the submission of final report, the work experience requirements are fulfilled according to the process described in the flowchart.


Task 1                                                                 Dated: 03/08/2018


The diagram below shows how the Australian Bureau of Meteorology collects up-to-the-minute information on the weather in order to produce reliable forecasts.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Writing task 1 - How Australia collects information on weather

Answer :

The given diagram shows how the weather information is collected by Australian Bureau of Meteorology to provide accurate and updated weather forecasting. As is observed from the given illustration, the weather information collection is done via satellites, radars and drifting buoys and then analysed before broadcasting them to the public.

As is presented in the diagram, the weather information is collected using three different types of sources namely, satellites, radars and drifting buoys. The raw data collected from satellites is basically satellite photos while radar information is observed from the radar screens and the synoptic charts are yielded from the drifting buoys and these three types of data are fed into a computer system to analyse and prepare the weather news for broadcasting.

After that, the weather, the news is broadcasted in different public media like televisions, radios and telephones. The final information regarding the weather is provided to the public via TV news, radio broadcasting and as a recorded announcement in devices like telephones.


Task 1                                                                 Dated: 02/08/2018


The bar chart below shows the estimated sales of jeans for two companies next year in Turkey. The pie chart shows the projected market share of the two companies in jeans at the end of next year.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Estimated sales of jeans next year in Turkey

Jeans sales in Turkey by two brands

Projected market share

Projected market share of the two companies in Turkey

Answer :

The column graph gives a projection on the next year’s jeans sales of two companies in Turkey while the pie chart compares their estimated market share. Overall, jeans sales are estimated to increase at the last quarter next year and Jack & Jones brand is anticipated to have half of the market share.

According to the first graph, Jack & Jones jeans clothing sale will be roughly 450 thousand pairs in Turkey, which is almost three times higher than that of Mango brand. At end of the first quarter, Jack & Jones is estimated to sell 300 thousand pairs of jeans in Turkey while it would be just above 150 thousand for Mango. In July and August, the demand for Mango jeans is estimated to exceed the demand of Jack & Jones. However, Jack & Jones is likely to witness a hike in its jeans sale during the last quarter of the year and in December it will sell 900,000 pairs, double than its sale in January. During the last quarter, Mango jean’s sale would remain almost the same except a surge in December to 600 thousand sales.

It is predicted that Jack & Jones alone will control the half of the market share while Mango corporation will have 30% market share. The remaining 20% would be controlled by the other jeans manufacturers.


Task 2                                                                Dated : 02/08/2018


Some people say that success is ‘10 percent talent and 90 percent hard work’. Is hard work the key to success, or is talent also important?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer :

When it comes to the issue of success, a myriad of perspectives has been put forth. Some stick to the idea that hard work plays a key role in success whereas others are on the view that talent is an inseparable part of success. I personally state that the viewpoint put forward by the first group is more logical. In the following paragraphs, I will shed light on my reasons for this viewpoint.

The price of success is hard work. Perseverance gives rise to success. Individuals, who always succeed, try all times and never give up. It does not matter how many times they fail, they do not give up and stop their attempt till they reach their goal. They never call themselves failure! They really subscribe to the idea that the greatest accomplishment is not in falling down but in rising again and again after falling hard which sets the stage for success. With regard to the issue of gaining success, they really believe that winners never quit and quitters never win.

On the other hand, just hard work without believing in ourselves and certain talents does not serve to achieve success. What is in our mind and how positive we think prepares the ground for physical action and eventually gives rise to hard work and gaining success. If we believe that we can achieve to whatever we want and we remove the negative thoughts which serve as mental barriers, we certainly succeed in gaining our goals. Having purpose is also important to work hard. If we know what we really want and why we need it clarifies our purpose which has beneficial effects on hard working. So, besides being hard working person it is essential to be hard planning person too.

In my view, I really concede that success is 10 percent talent and 90 percent hard work hard. Hard work and self-disciplined perform a pivotal role in gaining success, having a purpose and believe in ourselves are also required along with the hard work.

Vocabulary

myriad – a countless or extremely great number of people or things

perseverance – persistence in doing something despite difficulty or delay in achieving success , synonym : perseverancetenacitydeterminationresolveresolution

 


Task 1                                                                  Dated; 01/08/2018


The graph below shows a survey result of 4000 participants who expressed what important aspects they have learned from the internship they have completed.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

What participants think they have learned the most from their internship experience?

What participants have learned from their internship experience

Answer:

The pie chart gives data on the most important aspects that candidates have learned from their internship, according to a survey which considered 4000 candidates opinion. Generally speaking, practical knowledge, skill development, understanding industry, work environment and planning for the future career are the most important perspectives those candidates have learned.

Getting back to details, 15% candidates expressed their opinion that the most significant lesson they have learned from their internship experience was practical knowledge while 7% thought real work experience was the most necessary lesson for them. The second highest ratio of these candidates opined that they have developed their communication skills and this was the best knowledge they have gained from the internship. One out of ten thought that understanding industry was the most beneficial thing they learned. Moreover, time management, work operation and planning for future career each was picked by 7% internship students as their most valuable knowledge from their internship activity. Comparative a small ratio of those candidates picked teamwork and work environment, 3% and 4% respectively, to be their greatest lesson. Just over one fourth of those four thousand survey participants expressed other aspects that they learned to be most important.


Task 2                                                                 Dated : 01/08/2018


People in all modern societies use drugs, but today’s youth are experimenting with both legal and illegal drugs, and at an increasingly early age. Some sociologists claim that parents and other members of society often set a bad example.

Discuss the causes and some effects of widespread drug use by young people in modern day society.

Make any recommendations you feel are necessary to help fight youth drug abuse.

Answer:

Drug addiction has become a serious problem in our society. It has spoiled dreams and aspirations of thousands of families. The fascinating story of the addicts is that once they accustomed to heinous habit, they cannot get rid of it regardless how they endeavour themselves. Especially, youth are used to drug abuse in my society. So, it is crucial to find the reasons behind their deadly habits. Very thoughtful decisions should be taken to help the youngsters to fight the drug abusing problems.

The first and foremost reason of this problem is the peer- pressure. As young people hangs out most time with dearer and nearer pals and some may be drug abusers, who compel their chaps to do drugs. Secondly, we can see advertisements, films that show using drugs in a seductive manner. The young have the habit of imitating whatever their best actor do, they no longer keep away themselves doing drugs. In long run, this little curiosity guides them to notorious drug abusers. Thirdly, young people have the attitudes of trying different things in their adolescents. As life is not a bed of roses, they may take drugs to forget all their worries. Family problem, psychological problem and bad influences of friends can be very lethal sometimes as they are sometimes the root causes for young people to try drugs.

Doing drug spoils the peace and harmony of the family. The druggist son steals cash and kinds to purchase drugs. Later, the family is engulfed in debt.  Another effect of the drug is it may take the life of drug abusers as they hardly give up evil and anti-social habit. If drug abusers exchange the needle among friends, they are vulnerable to transmission of deadly disease like AIDS. In a society where young people abuse drugs, naturally, the crime rates would be high there. More fights and murders could be observed in such areas and there must be personal, social and generation related problems related to widespread drug abusing.  Only a single drug abuser in a family can ruin the whole family and thus a generation declined to drug abusing would bring heinous problems to the country.

To wipe out drug from society educational programmes should be organised in school, colleges. Rehabilitation centres must be established to assess druggists. Advertisement of drugs, alcohol should be banned from the TV. Families should keep an eye on the bad companies their teenagers are spending time with and finally the family bonding and understanding should be strong enough to discourage the teenagers not to do something that would bring shame for the family. Governments must ensure that their law enforcing organisations are working hard to wipe out the illegal drug businesses from the country and strict laws should be imposed and implemented to punish the illegal drug business people.

To recapitulate, drug abusers are evil of family, society and nation. The responsible bureaucrats and government must crack down on drugs to utilise young blood for the progress of a nation.


Task 1 :-                                                               Dated: 31/07/2018


The line graph below shows the changes in the share price of Outokumpu companies in euros between January 2006 and December 2010.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

line graph

Answer:

The graph shows the changes and a decline overall in the share price of Outokumpu in a five-year period from January 2006 through December 2010.

At the beginning of this period the share price was at EUR 13 per share. There were several fluctuations until late 2006 when there was a sudden increase from EUR 21 to EUR 31. This higher price did not last long, however, and it fell before rising strongly again in 2008. From mid-2008 there was a sharp downward trend through the end of the year when it fell to the lowest point in this period at just over EUR 7 per share. After that the share price recovered and, despite some fluctuations, continued to rise until it reached a peak of EUR 17 in early 2010. Until late 2010 the trend was downward again, ending the year at just over EUR 12.

Outokumpu made significant gains and losses during this period but overall lost around EUR 1 per share.


Task 2 :                                                                 Dated:31/07/2018


Today the world has many urgent problems and solving them is possible by nations’ cooperation.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer :-

Globalisation, the buzzword of the modern era, has tremendously positive and negative impacts on today’s world. Some people say that the world has many urgent issues to be considered, however yet another group argues that these problems can be solved easily through the cooperation of different nations. The focus of this essay is to scrutinise the problems and solutions by economic and social perspectives and rule out the writer’s opinion.

First and foremost, from the economic point of view, half of the world is facing a major financial crisis. Financial equilibrium around the world could only be possible with the help of developed countries. Very often underdeveloped countries export their natural resources in cheapest rate for costly technical products and thus fall into debt. To be clear, to resolve these debts country takes loans from World Bank and this continues as a cycle. These kinds of financial burden can be reduced by taking natural resource in the good rate by developed nations.

Secondly, when the problems are taken in social perspectives, it is huge in number. One of the main problems is crime and corruption. Increased rate of this has turned the earth into an evil planet. To be precise, the increase in population has affected the resources inversely proportional thus poverty, unemployment extra has stuck the underdeveloped world.

The environmental issues are global and no matter which countries are contributing more to pollute the world, all countries would face the consequence. Hence a global bonding and cooperation to solve such urgent issues are required. The developed countries as well as the developing and under developed countries can all work together to reduce the air and environmental pollution of the world. However, some people argue that help from different part of the world cannot solve these kinds of urgent issues from the root itself but only through the collective management of each country can bring about the changes right from the basic level or foundation. Even though helping hand given by the nations could help solve the problems but it takes time thus for a sudden change cooperation from countries will work out within time.

To sum up, solving problems are always fast and effective in a team than in individual thus nations co-operation help solve the urgent problems; the government of a country should also take a role in solving the issues which will boost the strength eradicating international problems.


Task 1 :-                                                           Dated:30/07/2018


The pie charts show the main reasons for migration to and from the UK in 2014.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Main reasons for Migration to and Emigration UK in 2014

Answer :

The first pie chart classifies the main reason for different nationalities to migrate to the UK while the second one shows the reasons for English to leave the country in 2014. Overall, study and job were two predominant reasons for people to migrate to and from the UK.

As is stated, almost one-third of the people immigrated to the UK in 2014 for academic study and that comprised the highest percentages of immigrants in the UK. 28% foreigners came to work for a UK company while 14% were there to get a job. Interestingly, one out of ten came to join friends or family members. 7% of them stated no apparent reason for their migration and the remaining 10% came for reasons that are not listed in the diagram.

On the other hand, the highest percentage of British migrated to other countries for their study and just over one-fourth were hired by foreign companies. It is worth noticing that the primary reasons for immigration and emigration to and from the UK have a similar pattern. 15% British moved to other countries to search for a job and 14% moved to accompany someone they knew. Remaining 17% left the UK for unspecified reasons.


Task 2 :                                               Dated:30/07/2018


In recent years, there has been growing interest in the relationship between inequality and personal achievement. Some people believe that individuals can achieve more in more egalitarian societies. Others believe that high levels of personal achievement are possible only if individuals are free to succeed or fail according to their individual merits.

What is your view of the relationship between equality and personal success?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer :

The concern and ongoing debate in the relationship between equality and personal success have developed recently. Some are convinced that individuals have marvellous opportunities to gain their success in egalitarian societies where everyone is treated in the same manner no matter what their educational, economical and intellectual levels are. While the opponents conceive that the high level of attainment will happen only if the individuals are free to achieve both the success and failure based on their own capabilities. I entirely believe that there is a strong connection between equality and personal success and this essay aims to elaborate that the egalitarian society is the best option for people.

As the era is developing, some aspects among the general public are changing and equality is one of those aspects. The concept of equality has been spread in the whole world and it results in many successes in egalitarian communities. Egalitarian gives fantastic chance to people to gain their achievement since there is no restriction for people in order to reach their success. In this situation, skill and knowledge are the main factors to achieve it. In Indonesia, for example, it was hard for women to have positions in certain sectors such as politics and military because most people were convinced that it was not appropriate for women to become either politician or a defence personnel. Yet, as the people is more open-minded now, it is no longer an issue and women can achieve their success in any sectors based on their ability. Thus, the egalitarian trend has influenced the society’s achievement.

Besides, equal rights and opportunities trigger people to become more competitive in a positive way and have more spirit to achieve something. Furthermore, people can get motivation from their surrounding that has similar objectives. In a classroom, for instance, every pupil has the same rights to be the champ without be differentiated by the teacher. While the students are surrounded by spirited fellows, they will learn better. In this case, having equal opportunities and rights urge people to gain the best achievement. Therefore, egalitarian concepts provide more chance to every people to become successful.

In conclusion, In conclusion, equality motivates people to work together and help each other. In a society where discrimination is present, even based on people’s capability, greater good can never be achieved.


Task 1:                                                 Dated: 27/07/2018


The chart below shows the changes in sales of four different types of books from 2002 to 2012.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.Changes in sales of four different types of books

Answer:

The bar graph compares the sales of four book genres between 2002 to 2012. Overall, history books vend increased remarkably while the admiration for hobby related books declined over the period.

As is presented in the illustration, history books had the highest demand in the market as it made more than 4000 trades in 2002. In this year the sale of hobby related books was the lowest, less than 1000, while entertainment and art books each recorded around 2000 sales volume. After 4 years, history books trade doubled while art and entertainment categories each made approximately 3000 sales. Hobby books’ demand slightly increased in 2002 but dropped in 2004. In all the following years, the sales of hobby books remained constant and had always been the lowest around 200 sales. On the contrary, history books’ sale reached to over 10,000 in 2008, the peak for the sale of any genre of books, and finally stood at around 9.5 thousand in 2012. Moreover, demand for entertainment and art books were almost the same in 2006 and 2008, just over 3000, but on the subsequent years, art books sales outranked the entertainment books sales.


Task 2 :-                                                              Dated:-27/07/2018


It is generally accepted that families are not as close as they used to be. Give reasons why this change has happened and suggest how families could be brought closer together?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer:-

Families, which form the base for socialisation, are not as bonded as they had been in earlier days. It is undeniable that the bonding between the members of the family is weakening gradually during the course of time.

The primary reason is time spent together with the family has shrunk. In the rat race to achieve materialistic prosperity, everyone in the family started working in different places, so it is quite evident that they hardly have quality time with each other. For instance, if both parents in a family are the breadwinners then it is obvious that their words would be left aloof most of the time. Thus the space left for love and affection to blossom in such a nuclear family has become less frequent.

Another connected reason is the addiction to electronic gadgets .This contemporary world drives people to become technophilic. Despite having leisure time, these days it appears that it is not well spent with the loved ones because of laptops and smartphones. This is because these gadgets have access to the internet which in turn opens ways for social networking sites like Facebook and YouTube. Thus there is a larger probability that the citizens might get hooked and engrossed .Since these consume more time, the time spent with family has lessened.

With regard to the suggestions to bind the families together, it is recommended that if everyone decides to be with their family every weekend then definitely it would compensate the time they worked round the clock throughout the week. Therefore, in my opinion, this weekend bonds might even make individuals emotionally more attached to other members of the family and could strengthen their relationship.

To conclude, most of the populaces are deprived of time for spending with their families either because of aspiration for materialism or addiction to gadgets .This has made a dramatic change that the family members are not as closer to each other like years ago, so it is suggested to spend weekends with family to make up their relationship


Task 1 :-                                                               Dated:-25/07/2018


The chart below shows the main reasons for university education among people of different age groups, based on a survey conducted in 2008, and the percentages of students who got support from their employers in this year.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the charts below.

 Reason for university education according to age of students

Reason for university education

 Employer support, by age group (Time off and help with fees)

Employer support, by age group

Answer :-

The graphs illustrate two main reasons for people from different age groups to pursue the university education and the ratio of tertiary pupils who got backings for their study from their employers. The data was taken from a survey carried out in 2008. Overall, younger people mostly studied in university for career preparation while it was personal interest for the people over 49 years old. Besides, younger people got more support from their employers than the aged people did.

The first column graph reveals that eight out of ten university students below 26 years old studied for a better career. A same percentage of students, 70% to be exact, from 26 to 29 had the same reason for tertiary education. Interestingly, only around 10% of these students brought up ‘interests in study’ as a reason for their academic involvement. Pupils from 30 to 39 years also thought about the career while taking university courses. Interestingly, 40-49 age group was equally divided for their reasons to study – career and interest. Finally, 70% aged people studied due to their interests rather than jobs.

Based on the second graph, university students got help from their employers basically in two forms – time off and sharing of tuition fee. It is worth noticing that young students got more support from their offices than the aged employees. Over 60% younger students received help from offices while 30 to 40% students from 30 plus age groups had been able to manage support from their employers.


Task 2 :-                                                              Dated:-24/07/2018


Answer:-

One of the most conspicuous trends in the 21st century is that some young adults decide to start working after finishing high school. There has been a big debate in social of this trend. So, what are the advantage and disadvantage of doing this?

To begin with, finding a job straight after high school helps young people gain more real experience and improve their technical skills. It supplies teenagers the opportunities to try out different fields and they will also learn how to please their boss and work well with their colleagues. Secondly, working right away helps them find a suitable job to earn money. Furthermore, youngsters can make contact through working early. An old colleague they meet at their job might also be able to introduce them to a better workplace, which may lead to a promising career.

On the other hand, getting a job after graduating from high school has its own drawbacks. Firstly, finding a job without an academic certification is extremely difficult in this competitive society. Secondly, by virtue of not going to university, they do not have enough skills to find a highly paid job. Most of the employers and big companies always find and rent people with expertise. Last but not least, working early also means failure comes sooner so teenagers have to face with countless problems which makes them become stressed and depressed.

Based on the above-mentioned facts, one can conclude that starting to work straight instead of attending university has both pros and cons. However, teenagers may choose their way which depends on their abilities and financial in order to devote to social.


Task 2 :-                                                              Dated:-23/07/2018


Some young adults want independence from their parents as soon as possible. Other young adults prefer to live with their families for a longer time. Which of these situations do you think is better?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer :-

In today’s world majority of young adults are looking for freedom and are try to live without parents, but some of them wish to stay long with their parents as much as they can. Personally, I believe that it is better for all concerned if young adults can continue living with their parents and families for a long time, particularly, till they finish their education or get married.

First of all, after becoming an adult, it is best for everyone to head out to embrace our independence. Although it is the most important part to consider finance, because when young adults leave their parents, they face unexpected problems and they have to earn money for the cost of living. For instance, for foods, rent, utilities, and health and other insurance etc. Furthermore, if they are studying they should work hard and study to build their future rather than doing part time jobs that might hamper their education.

In Advance, not only the finances but also they should consider the study potential. Whoever prefer to live with their parents and they believe without any pressure they can spend their youth with more freedom than the others. Because they do not worry about rent, food, work etc. Only they need to focus on their studies. Therefore, they get enough sleep as a benefit. In a competitive society, this is the hardest age to pass, for the reason that some young adults have only seen some external views of independent life. From my experiences in university life one of my friends lived in a share accommodation and had fun and party time in her whole university life, but at the end of the year she had to struggle with her studies and had to stay a long time in university to complete her studies. Until they get bad experiences from life some of them remain blind to see the real world.

In conclusion, when I consider both arguments it is clear that if young adults live with their families they can get more benefits than the young who live a free life without families. In addition, those who lives with parents get well protection and parents’ guide to enter the right track to reach their life goals.


Task 1:-                                                                Dated:-20/07/2018


The graph presents percentages of commuters using different modes of transports in London in the years 1960, 1980, 2000 and 2010.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown in the diagram below.

 Commuter Transport in London

Commuter Transport in London in four different years

Answer :-

The column graph compares the percentages of Londoners who used trains, cars, tubes and buses in four different years. Overall, the use of private cars increased rapidly while the popularity of public buses dropped sharply.

As can be seen, roughly 7% commuters used private cars in London in 1960. In this year the highest percentages of commuters in London used buses and tubes, approximately 35% and 27% respectively. Train users in this year comprised around 17% of total passengers. After 20 years, the percentages of car users dramatically increased and one out of five Londoners used this mean of transport. Trains, buses and tubes received similar percentages of travellers in 1980 which ranged from 23% to 26%. However, the ratio of these transport users in 2000 changed noticeably. Every passenger out of three used their cars while one out of four used tubes for their movements. The popularity of the train somewhat decreased while the ratio of bus commuters dropped sharply to only 15%. In 2010, around half of the Londoners used cars as they primary mean of communication while less than 15% used public cars. The popularity of tubes and trains slightly dropped in this year as well.


Task 2:-                                                              Dated:- 20/07/2018


In recent time economic growth has made some people richer in both developed and developing countries. While studies show that people in developing countries are happier now than before, people in developed countries are no happier than they were before.

Why do you think this is and what lessons can be learned from it?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Model Answer 1:
Money cannot guarantee people’s happiness. It is proved by experts that although economic growth has made people richer, people from developed countries feel less happy than they were before. In contrast, in poor countries, wealth make them happier. I will outline the reason why this phenomenon happened.

In the case of developed countries, they are never starving. In the past, they can found meal everywhere and able to bought it. Before technology advanced, they already went to work such as farming or work in a factory. They had enough money to prevent them from starving. Another reason is the time of working. They worked several hours and have time to take a rest. Meanwhile, in recent year, they work overlap time hours. They have no time to do their interest or go on vacations with their family. It is because of competition among people. Their ambition encourages them to pursue their goal and achievement for enhancing their status.

On the other hand, residents of developing countries feel happier than they were before because they ever lived in a lack of education and food. In the past, it was really hard for them to buy some food and studied in formal education. But today, since they are richer than before, they can get both of those terms. They can buy an important stuff for their life. Another reason is they can manage their time working well, so they still have time to interact with other people.

In conclusion, I must say that what we can learn about two cases above is to love our life. It is true that we need to work and earn money for our life but it cannot be denied that we need to enjoy our life with our lovely people. So, we need to thanks for everything we have and we got.

Model Answer 2:

The world economy has improved significantly in the past few years and made several people become wealthier in both advanced and developing countries. Based on the research, it is found that people who live in developing countries are enjoying their lives more than before nowadays, while those who live advanced countries are no happier that before. The following essay will discuss in details about some of the reasons and what can we learn from it.

On the one hand, it is a fact the world economic has grown rapidly in the past recent years. Many developing and developed countries have experienced some positive improvements in the economic sectors, as their GDP have increased and inflation rate got lower. Some of the people have taken the advantage and as a consequence, they became richer. The economic growth has created a lot of new billionaires these days, such as the CEO of Air Asia Tony Fernandez and the Mital Family from India.

Based on some scientific studies, it is found that people who live in developing countries are happier than ever nowadays, as their economic condition has grown rapidly in the past few years. As some of the people’s lives and economic status have changed dramatically from poor to middle-income class, they felt grateful and pleased with the improvement and enjoyed their lives. In contrast to the condition above, developed countries’ people are no happier than they were before. Should there be any improvement in their economic status, it would not give any significant changes into their way of lives, as they already have a high standard of living. Many of them already have their own properties and vehicles, and their government already provided them with good public health, education and transportation system. Therefore it is harder for them to feel grateful in terms of their economic condition.

In conclusion, it is true that the world economic have grown rapidly in the past few decades, and it has made some of the people in developing and developed countries become wealthier. Is it reported that as the economic sector in developing countries are growing, the people are feeling are happier than ever before, as many of them have experienced drastic changes in their ways of living. Many of them have successfully escaped from poverty problems and change their economic status. On the other hand, many people who live in advanced countries are no happier than before, as they already live in a better and comfort situation.


Task 1:-                                                                    Dated:-18/07/2018


The pie charts show the highest education level of women in Sri Lanka in 1965 and 1995.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the charts below.

Write at least 150 words.

Answer:-

The pie charts compare the female education scenarios in Sri Lanka in 1965 and 1995. As is obvious, the level of female education in Sri Lanka remarkably progressed within three decades.

Getting back to the details, more than one-third of Sri Lankan females never attended schools in 1965 while only 3% completed their graduation. No woman in this year was awarded a post graduate degree while almost half of Sri Lankan women barely completed their primary education. In this year, 18% female received their 12th-grade diploma and the overall education level in Sri Lankan women was dismal.

However, after three decades, this scenario changed exceptionally when one in every five Sri Lankan women hold a post-graduate qualification and no woman was unschooled. Exactly one-quarter of them completed 12th grades while graduate women comprised 35%. It is worth noticing that no women in this period were uneducated and that was a remarkable progress in terms of women education in Sri Lanka. Finally, 20% female in this year completed their primary education which was exactly the same ratio of post graduate women in this year.


Task 2:-                                                                   Dated:-18/07/2018


Fresh water has always been a limited resource in some parts of the world. Today, however, growing worldwide demand has made this a global problem. What are the causes of the increased demand and what measure could governments and individuals take to respond to this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

It is undeniable that water scarcity is becoming a worldwide problem. The growth of population is the main reason for this alarming trend, but some measures could be taken to tackle this predicament.

One the one hand, the pressure of the growing population on water resources could lead to the shortage of it. Increase number of population lead to an increased water demand in three sectors namely Agriculture, Industry and households. Firstly, from an agricultural perspective, irrigation consumes a large amount of water. Also, Agricultural industry could pollute the rest of the water by chemical compounds that used in farming like pesticides. Secondly, the industries and factories use a huge amount of water in their process. For instance, some research revealed that meat processing industry could be the main cause of water shortage in some regions of the UK. Finally, water used for household purposes could be another consequence of growth number of population and ultimately could lead to water demand.

On the other hand, there are two main solutions to solve the problems described above. One solution is that water recycling could play an important role in water conservation. Governments should build new water pipes system for recycling and should encourage people to use recycled water. Another solution is to remove salts from sea water to enable people to use it. This process called desalination. It is now used in many countries like the USA and achieved their goal.

In conclusion, water demand is a global problem caused mainly by the growth of population number and governments and people should be cooperated to solve this issue.


Task 1:-                                             Dated:-17/07/2018


The chart below shows information about the challenges people face when they go to live in other countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» Write at least 150 words

Answer:

The supplied graph represents data on the challenges people face when they start living in a different country and compares this data based on different age groups. As is presented in the graph, younger people struggle to make new friends while the aged people face difficulty to learn the local language in a new country.

As is given in the graph, people from 18-34 years old find it most difficult to make new friends when they start living in a new country. The second most challenging issue they face is the issue of finding a living place. Learning the local language is another problem they face but this is least among the people of this age group. Secondly, among the 35-54 age group, people who go to live in a different country find it most difficult to find places to live. About 36% people find it difficult to find places to live in while about 35-36% people find it difficult to learn the local language and to make friends there. Finally, the aged people who are over 55 years old, find it most difficult to learn the language than any other age group. Approximately 54% aged people face this challenge when they start living in a new country. Among this age group, 22% people face the living place issue while 23% find it hard to make new friends.

In summary, aged people can make friends more easily than the young age group when they start living in a new country while young population finds it easier to learn the loan language than the aged people in a new country.


Task 2:-                                                                    Dated:-17/07/2018


Some people say that the purpose of education is to prepare individuals to be useful to society. Others say its purpose is to prepare individuals to achieve personal ambitions.

Discuss these views and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

The nature of education is to humanise human, stated by Paolo Pereira. Some people believe that humanising human means that every person should be beneficial for society on how societies get the advantages from their knowledge and skills. However, others believe that they attend the education institutions for having skills and experience as the tools to enter job market easily. This essay aims to discuss both purposes as well as provide several reasons.

People tend to focus on developing their social awareness through education in order to bring the society become a better community. They believe that the ultimate aim of education is that to contribute as well as to implement the knowledge and skills for the prosperity of society. For example, those who are expertise in agriculture science probably educate the farmers how to have a good quality of plants, how to manage the irrigation system well and how to conduct the product sales in the market. Moreover, graduates are believed as the social agents who bridge the society and government in terms of making society based policy. If there is a controversial policy that harms people, educated persons are probably asked by those people to help them conducting negotiation even against the policy.

On the other hand, some believe that the ultimate aim of having an education is that people tend to get certain skills and experience as the main tools to achieve a good position in the job market. The company might require well-educated workers and put them in a strategic position which brings them to such more prosperous economic life condition. It is undeniable to stop people making education as the way to gain personal purpose because it is their personal rights. In addition, government guarantees every single person to have education for whatever the purpose as long as it is still on the education rules.

I believe that both purposes of people in entering education institution discussed above might be in line together. We can be valuable persons for the society while having a job which we allocate some money from our salaries to educate people by providing the fund for those children who need it for school fee. The higher salary we achieve, the more money we can donor.

In short, everyone has their own targets to entering schools, universities or colleges. The most important thing is how to save ourselves by having a permanent job while contributing ours kills for the prosperity of society.


Task 1:-                                                                Dated:-16/07/2018


The chart below shows Morocco’s income from different economic sectors in 2003 as well as its income from fishing from 1982 to 2003.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the charts below.

Write at least 150 words.

 

Answer:-

The pie chart compares revenue earned from six economic sectors by Morocco in 2003 and the column graph gives data on annual income from fishing industry between 1982 and 2003. Overall, tourism, manufacturing and foreign remittance were three main sources of income for Morocco in 2003 and the highest revenue from fishing came in the year 2000.

Getting back to the details, the highest revenue earning sector for Morocco was tourism that brought just over a quarter of total revenue in 2003. Manufacturing and foreign remittance comprised the second and third most important economic sectors for this country and brought 45% of the revenue. The lowest revenue came from agriculture which was only 2%. Fishing earned 13% of the total revenue which was just 1% less than the revenue earned from the petroleum sector.

Based on the column graph, Morocco earned less than half a billion US dollar from fishing in 1982 and next year, this revenue surged to nearly 2 billion. The revenue continued to increase and in 1997 and almost touched 3 billion. The highest fish related income in Morocco came in the year 2000 and the revenue in this year from fishing was well over 4 billion USD. Afterwards, revenue dropped and in next two years remained stable at approximately 3.8 billion. In 2003, income from fishing significantly dropped and reached below 2 billion dollar.


Task 2:-                                                                   Dated:-16/07/2018


The news is a source of knowledge about the world. How much can we trust the journalists? What are the qualities a good journalist should have?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Answer:-

It is undeniable that news media has been an indispensable part of our life, displaying a much colourful world in front of us than ever before. Thanks to the development of the news media technology and the profession of journalists, we no longer feel unfamiliar about the other side of the planet.

While enjoying the wide knowledge brought by the reporters, we should also take this news with a pinch of salt as some information seems to be enticing but may not be based on the truth of the fact. As we all know, most news companies run to make profits, which is likely to make some journalists distort their reports to earn ratings. Meanwhile, many news media are controlled by some powerful institutes including the government, which would cause the journalists reporting tendentious news for they want to be in favour of the government rather than the public.

Spreading knowledge of the world for the public but not propagandising for a certain powerful organisation is the main quality a journalist should have. He should at least possess the following qualities: First of all, he should be unbiased and not easily swayed by any party or group, reporting the news as factual as it is. Second, journalists need to report news of such various fields of society, science, geology, medicine, entertainment etc.; it would be tough for him to handle this job well if he is not versatile. Also, the most important personality of a journalist is that he must be brave and bold enough because there must be tough barriers waiting for him to break down.

In conclusion, we should keep a clear head for the news reported by the journalists and a good journalist should possess a multifaceted personality.


Task 1 :-                                                               Dated:- 11/07/2018


The bar chart below shows the global sales of televisions by Supervision Incorporation from 1999 to 2012.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Television Sales by Supervision Incorporation (in millions)

Television Sales by Supervision Incorporation (in millions)

Answer :-

The bar chart presents data on the global TV sales from 1999 to 2012, over a period of 14 years, by the Supervision Incorporation. The sales volume is given in million units and it is obvious that sales amount of this company increased with some fluctuations over the time.

Getting back to the details, 10 million TVs were sold by Supervision Incorporation worldwide in 1999 and it increased by 3 to 5 million in 2001 and 2002. The sales amount dropped a bit in the next year and then rose again in 2004 with a figure of nearly 20 million sales. From this point, there was a steady progress in the television sales and the number went over 30 million in 2008. The company witnessed a decline in its sales in 2009 compared to the previous year’s sale. The global TV sales in 2010 by this manufacturer went well over 40 million which was just double than that of 2005. Finally, with a slight dip in 2011, the sales volume of TVs by this company in 2012 reached to around 48.5 million.


Task 2 :-                                                              Dated:-11/07/2018


In many sub-continent countries like India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, Cricket has become more popular than the national sports of these countries.

What do you think are the reasons behind this?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer:-

The game of cricket has undoubtedly bowled over the native sports in the majority of the Asian and neighbouring continents. The popularity of the sport, as many suggests owes to the peculiarity of the game and the flamboyance of the players and team involved. Let us discourse the reasons below.

It is quite obvious that native sports in these countries lack the enthusiasm and some unique features which cricket does not. Moreover, national sports are not being played on a global perspective compared to cricket these days. In addition to this, the younger generations are influenced by the game of cricket from their childhood. For example, in India, seldom would you find one describe his childhood devoid of cricket. Hockey being the national sport of India, will find itself miles away on the road to popularity compared to cricket.

One other reason for its popularity would be the frequency of international tournaments or series that occur in the circle of cricket, whereas native sport does not acknowledge international viewers on such basis. As a result, cricket and its players splash around the media all the year around, making it closer the mass hearts. For example, the welcome that Australians received after winning the cricket world cup in 1996 acquired  a worldwide attention on television screens. The world witnessed India coming to a stand still on winning world cup following this.

History favours the sub-continental countries teams to procure higher rankings in the cricket hierarchy, an illustrated reason for cricket’s popularity in these continents. The fact that majority of the tournaments in world cricket hangs around the Asian subcontinent also adds to the heap of reasons. Asia cup, Sharjah cup etc. exemplifies the same.

In conclusion, the native sports are fading importance in the huge waves of roars applauding cricket. This phenomenon is getting more globalised and seems unstoppable. As a sports person myself, I opine that measures should be taken to promote the national sports because no sport is better than other unless played in the right spirit.


Task 1 :-                                                               Dated:-10/07/2018


The pie charts below compare water usage in San Diego, California and the rest of the world.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Water usage- San Diego, California and the world

Answer :-

The pie charts show a comparison of water consumptions in domestic, industrial and agricultural sectors in San Diego, California with the rest of the world. Overall, global agricultural water consumption is far higher than that of industrial and household usages but in San Diego and California residential usages of water are noticeably higher.

Getting back to the details, the global residential water consumption is only 8% which is remarkably lower than that of domestic water usages in Sand Diego and California. Residential water usages in San Diego is 60% which is around 20% higher than that of California. Furthermore, just below one-fourth of water is used for industrial need worldwide which is exactly the same ratio of San Diego’s industrial water use. On the contrary, California’s industrial water requirement is 33%, 10 percent higher than the global needs. Finally, global water consumption for farming is approximately 70% which is significantly higher than the use of water in San Diego and Califonia for the same purpose. Only 17% and 28% water is used for the cultivation purpose in San Diego and Califonia respectively.


Task 2 :-                                                                 Dated:- 10/07/2018


In many countries today there are many highly qualified graduates without employment. What factors, may have caused this situation and what, in your opinion, should be done about it?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer :-

Recently, the world is suffering from an economic downturn. Most of the countries are affected in many ways and one of it is the decrements of employment rate. Lots of excellent graduates are left jobless. In order to fix this issue, we need to identify the reasons behind it.

One of the major reasons for this is that companies are being restricted in hiring new staffs due to the financial crisis. Only the best candidates are appointed to the post. The candidates need to be whole rounded and fulfilled the criteria needed for the organisation. As an example, Malaysia Airlines is currently restructuring its organisation in order to overcome the economic crisis. Thus, it needs to select the less qualified employees and choose new employees who are suitable to take over the available job.

Another aspect to be looked into this matter is the society itself has become quite choosy. We have tonnes of jobs being advertised in the newspaper but fewer people show up at the interviews. Most of the brainy candidates already have their preferences and that’s why they never try a different path or the job being offered. In my perspective, they should try to work on something, gain some experiences, proceed with their dreams in later life rather than sit back and wait for the opportunity to come. For example, most of the multinational companies hire foreigners as they are less choosy in their job scope.

Nevertheless, all these factors come with solutions. The government may provide grants for the graduates to start their business. The doctors could open their own clinics rather than waiting to work in a hospital while the engineers could set up a business suggesting new technology. By opening a business, they could help to reduce the unemployment rate as they also employ some labour. Taking Marc Zuckerberg as the example, he built a Facebook empire out of his interest in IT and provided many spots for IT genius to fill in.

Furthermore, the employee may provide a more secure job. Jobs that not only come with great benefits but also fringe payments could encourage the youth to take up the challenge. For instance, a chemical company could provide health insurance for the workers as the workers have to deal with many chemicals that could harm their state of health.

In short, I would say that there are more reasons engage to this matter but these are the main terms that could have the biggest impact. Therefore, in order for us to fix all these, the solutions proposed need to be supported by a great team especially the authorities.


Task 1 :-                                                              Dated :-09/07/2018


The charts below show what the business and engineering graduates of a particular university were doing six months after graduating. The figures cover a two-year period.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant

Business Graduates

Bar Graph - What business graduates were doing

Engineering Graduates

Bar Graph - What engineering graduates were doing

Answer :-

The provided column graphs show what the graduates from business and engineering majors of a university were doing after half a year of their graduation- in two different years. A glance at the diagrams reveals that the majority of those graduates were doing jobs after six months of their course completion and this ratio was slightly higher for the engineering alumni.

As can be seen from the given illustration, more than six business graduates out of ten of this university started working after six months of their graduation in year one and two while employed engineers’ percentage at that time was around 75%. More business graduates continued higher education than engineering alumni in both years and the gap between these two groups was more or less 15%. Moreover, a higher percentage of business alumni took their time out, around 8% to be more precise, than the engineering graduates, who accounted for nearly 2%-3%  in this category. Finally, roughly one out of ten who completed their engineering degree was seeking for a job and their ratio was more than double than the business graduates who were also looking for a job. Interestingly, in the second year, a slightly higher percentage from both groups had jobs and a marginally fewer were enrolled in further studies than the first year.


Task 2 :-                                                            Dated:-09/07/2018


Some people think that politicians have the greatest influence on the world. Other people, however, believe that scientists have the greatest influence.

Discuss both of these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer :-

There is no doubt that both politicians and scientists are exerting a powerful influence in our world; while politicians tend to lead a country by establishing better laws and treaties and governing their country well in all fields, scientists tend to reshape the world by developing high technology.

Obviously, no country would proceed well without the influential of politicians who represent a country’s image and status on the international stage. They need to confer together to make feasible treaties which decide the commerce between two different countries. Only when the top heads come to an agreement will there be a possibility for expanding international market, which constitutes an indispensable part of a country’s economy in today’s open world. Thus, there is no denial that the world’s prosperity is contingent on how well politicians from different countries cooperate.

On the other hand, scientists have been a forceful team to drive the world to progress and provide technical support for politicians to defend a country, which is one of the most important symbols to represent national strength. High technologies developed by scientists have been applied in military, exploring outer space etc, which cannot be achieved only by the power of politicians. However, the high technology could be a disaster if there are no effective and potent laws legislated by politicians. That’s why heads of six states need to come together to defuse the Korean nuclear crisis.

In conclusion, politicians and scientists are changing our world in different ways and neither is less influential. Without perfect laws and regulations, high technology may be used in a wrong way leading to a catastrophe; and politicians may not be so powerful if they lacked the support of scientists.


Task 2  :-                                                             Dated:-07/07/2018


Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country.

Do you agree or disagree?

Answer:-

The idea that education is of less importance in the development of a country is not correct. Some people believe that education is a subsidiary factor in the development of a country while others presume that education is the top most important factor in the development of a country. However, I strongly agree that education is the most important factor in the development of a country.

The first reason why education is essential for a country is that it dramatically changes people’s way of thinking. Such people will begin to think in a modern way which will improve both themselves and their society. For example, when children or adults receive a good education, they are expected to discover or invent new things which will tremendously contribute to the growth and development of their country. Consequently, it can be admitted that such education enormously influenced people’s way of thinking in a positive way.

The second reason why education is of a great importance is that it eases and facilitates the communication among countries. In other words, education greatly enables a country to easily and smoothly deal or contact with another country. For example, when people tend to learn a unified language to be the lingua franca among them, they will not face or encounter any communication difficulty. Hence, we can infer that education has its effective role in building a strong relationship within countries.

In conclusion, there is no doubt that education has its vital role in developing the mentality of people and the means of communication among them. If people pay much care to education, they are, without any doubt, heading towards a development and prosperity of their countries.


Task 1:-                                                                Dated:-06/07/2018


 You are advised to spend about a maximum of 20 minutes on this task.

The figure shows demographic trends in Scotland.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main feature.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Answer:

The given illustration depicts the changes of demographic trends over seven decades in Scotland and also gives the prediction for the year 2020. The survey has been taken from 1940 to 2010 on three criteria, namely: birth, population growth, and death.

Initially, fertility and mortality have reached their peak in 1940, whiles population growth reached its highest percentage in the second decade. It was about 2.5% birth rate in 1940 and then it declined sharply over five years. After a further decline, it fluctuated roughly twenty years. There was a peak in 2000 after falling gradually from 1960’s by roughly 1.0%. It predicted that about 0.5% fertility in 2020.

The chart shows that there is a relationship between fertility and population growth by its trend. The dip, peak, and fluctuation are shown in the same decade, in which, the percentage of population growth always lower. On the other hand, it’s declined sharply and reached to zero growth in 2000’s so that could not be predicted for 2020. The death rate went down steadily from 1940 to 1950s and then levelled off till 1970s by roughly 0.5%. After felt slightly in the last 1970s, it remained the same over the following thirty years. However, its number will rise in 2020 by over 0.5%.

In short, the trends of three categories are decreasing over seven decades and only the mortality rate is expected to be increased in 2020.


Task 2:-                                                              Dated:-06/07/2018


Some people prefer renting than buying a home. What are the advantages and disadvantages of renting your home?

Answer :

It is true that renting a house is preferred by several people than buying a home. This essay will discuss some benefits of this choice and then analyze some drawbacks that may arise.

The primary advantage is that renting a house seems easy, flexible, and fast. That is to say, there are numerous apartments available for lease, which enables you to promptly choose the most suitable one. Furthermore, as a tenant you are not required to bear the maintenance cost of the rented house. For example, although my manager is very wealthy, he opted for living in a rented apartment. He advised that the house rental cost was cheaper compared to possessing a new house and it was very convenient for him to change his accommodation when necessary. You have the right to change to a new place at the end of the contract due to any consideration, such as neighbor issue, disagreement with the landlord, relocation at work, or any other personal affair.

On the other hand, the main downside of this trend is that it is not considered a long-term investment. Besides, the landlord is entitled to lay down rules and increase the rental cost. Indeed, owning a house is really a long-term investment for your life. When renting a house, you are requested to obey all of the rules stipulated by its owner. For instance, a couple of years ago, when I was living in a rented house, I was not allowed to go out by 11:00 pm because the landlord usually closed the door beforehand. Also, the rental cost suddenly went up without any prior notice. Renters are not allowed to renovate or change the layout of the houses in some circumstances. The house owners tend to keep the original look of the property, and renters have to compromise when they decide to sign the rental contract.

In conclusion, whilst renting a house can bring the benefits of convenience and cost efficiency, it can be deemed a short-term choice and lack of flexibility.

 

 


Task 1:-                                                             Dated:-05/07/2018


The chart below shows the average daily minimum and maximum levels of two air pollutants in four big cities in 2000.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Answer:-

The column chart compares the lowest and highest levels of Sulphur dioxide (SO2) and Dinitrous oxide (NO2), two air pollutants, in four cities, namely Los Angeles, Calcutta, Beijing and Mexico in 2000. Overall, the average presence of these two air polluting ingredients is much higher in Mexico than the other three cities.

As is presented in the graph, the level of Sulphur dioxide in the air of Los Angeles ranges from 1 to 10 which is remarkably lower than that of other cities. The presence of this air pollutant varies from 80 to 200 in Mexico which is the highest. The minimum level of SO2 is 47 in Calcutta and 25 in Beijing but the maximum range goes as high as 130 in Beijing which is more than double than that of Calcutta city. On the other hand, the presence of the second air polluting material, Dinitrous oxide, on an average, could be found more in the Mexico City’s air than any other city provided in the illustration. The minimum level of N2O in Mexico is 113 which is almost ten times higher than that of Beijing and approximately four times higher than that of Calcutta and Los Angeles. The upper level of N2O is Los Angeles is higher than the presence of N2O in Calcutta and Beijing.

In summary, the higher presence of Sulphur dioxide and Dinitrous oxide in Mexico reveal that air pollution in this city is worse than the three other cities.


Task 2:-                                                                Dated:-05/07/2018


Why do you think teachers give homework to students? How important is it for students to have homework? Are there any other ways of revising school lessons? Perhaps homework should be abolished. Give your opinion about this.

Give reasons for your answer.

Answer:-

In today’s completive world, students are constantly under pressure to perform well in studies and homework has become a part of today’s study culture. Teachers make students do homework in order to reduce their load in school and parents are supportive of this practice because it keeps their children busy leaving little time for anything other than studies.

Doing homework is important to a certain extent as it lets the students be in touch with the syllabus even after school hours and makes it easier for them to grasp lessons better the next day at school. Another benefit is that the parents can keep themselves up-to-date with their child’s progress in school. For them, the more time their child spends on studies the better. Everyone wants their children to excel in studies to be prepared for the cut-throat competition that is on offer.

What adults do not realise is that playtime is as important to children as is study time. It is important for children’s psychological wellbeing to have variation in activities as opposed to being in front of the books all the time. Schools can add a revision period at the end of school hours so that the pupils finish revising the day’s lessons and go home without having to worry about homework. In some countries, students are never given homework and are not event required to carry books back and forth between home and school.

In my opinion, homework should be abolished in our country thus reducing a burden on students. This will also put an end to the overloaded bags that our children have to carry which is posing a risk to their physical health. Students should be given enough time for extra-curricular activities also.


Task 1:-                                             Dated:-04/07/2018


The graph below shows the area of land from which grain was harvested. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the graph.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

 

Answer:-

The line graph gives data on the grain harvesting areas worldwide over a period of 46 years, commencing from 1950. As an overall trend, the area of land in which the seed was cultivated throughout the world increased during the period and land programmes initiated by the USSR, grain price increase and retrenchment affected the land area in which farmers grew the crops.

As can be seen from the given line graph, just below 600 million hectares of the land area was used to grow different grains in 1950 and the USSR Virgin land programme initiation positively affected the total lands devoted to cultivating grains. This programme was initiated around 1955 and as a result, the total cultivable lands increased to around 650 million hectares in 1960. In the next ten years, the total grain harvesting lands gradually increased with some minor fluctuations. The grain price doubles in 1975 and due to this the land for grain harvesting also soared to the peak with approximately 750 million hectares. The retrenchment affected negatively to the land area for grain harvesting and reduced the land to around 700 million hectares in 1990. With some oscillations, the total grain harvesting lands stood at just over 700 million hectares after 1990.


Task 2 :                                                           Dated 04/07/20108


Answer :

It is irrefutable that today we are flooded with information about everything. The youth of today know about global celebs but are increasingly ill informed about their own historical personalities. This essay shall analyse why this is happening, and also suggest some measures, to generate their interest in historical events and people.

The first and major reason for this is that the education system in most of the countries is test-based. Students are only taught to get good grades and as a result, they only focus on passing their exams, rather than gaining knowledge about any topic. Their interest is never developed in history and heroes of our past. On top of that, the youth today is more fascinated towards the celebrities because of the exposure and importance the media gives to them. Furthermore, most of the families have now started living in nuclear setups, where both the parents are working, and because of this the children’s education about their roots and history has taken a back seat.

There are many methods that can be used by parents, schools and the media to develop the interest of youngsters in knowing about the famous people from history. The schools can incorporate technology in teaching methods, like the use of audio-visual aids. Educational trips to museums and famous historical places also help develop the children’s interest. The government should set up museums and encourage children to visit them by highly subsidizing tickets for the students. For example, the Shaheed Bhagat Singh Museum has become a great source of information about the freedom struggle and the sacrifices made by freedom fighters.  Moreover, TV shows and movies can be made around famous historical personalities and their contributions. For instance, the recent Bollywood movie Bajirao Mastani, has been a super hit at the box office and has made a lot of people more aware about historical events and characters. TV channels like History channel has shows which run throughout the day, giving information about famous people and events from history.

To conclude, there are several innovative and creative methods that can be used to make the youth more interested and aware about the notable people from history. This effort has to be made by parents, at schools and media also has a big role to play in spreading this awareness.


Task 1:-                                                               Dated:- 03/07/2018


The diagram below shows the steps in the hiring process at ACME corporation.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Answer:

The process diagram shows different stages of ACME corporation’s recruitment process, commencing from application submission by the prospective candidates, which ends by either offering a permanent position in the company or denying any position at all.

As is presented, initially candidates are invited to submit their applications to be considered for the jobs in ACME corporation. Those who apply to this company for a job have to attend an initial qualification interview. The authority distinguishes the candidates who have faced the interview in two categories – ‘meet the basic qualification’ and ‘do not meet the basic qualification’. The applicants of the latter category are disqualified while the candidates who meet the qualifications are further tested. In the next step, the qualifying applicants take an aptitude test, based on which they are either marked as failed or passed. Failed candidates are left out from the recruitment process while the successful applicants are offered a position on a six-moth probation who are evaluated after the probation period. At this stage, a recommendation made either to discard those temporary employees or to offer them permanent positions in the company.


Task 2:-                                                           DATED:- 03/07/2018


Even though globalization affects the world’s economies in a very positive way, its negative side should not be forgotten.

What is your view? Discuss.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

However globalization promotes worldwide economies positively, the governments should be paid attention to its negative aspects. While it is argued that globalization causes detrimental results, I believe that it produces great breakthroughs though authorities should take care about harmful outcomes of globalizing.

Globalization has a beneficial influence on our lives. Globalization develops local economies. So, it helps nations to decline an unemployment rate and raise economic growth. Furthermore, globalized economy advances technology. For example, when a multinational company establishes a factory in a developing country, the new equipment, the new management skills and job vacancies are all in the best interest of the local society. Moreover, globalization has transformed the world into global village. As a result, people all over the world can communicate together easier than the past by internet and satellite TV.

On the other hand, nobody can deny the devastating consequences of globalization. One of the crucial sides is a cultural shock. Worldwide networks and televisions have severely affected young people. These facilities have escalated cultural differences and generation gaps. For instance, when young aged persons watch popular superstars like singers, actors, actresses etc., on satellite channels. They imitate their behaviours, clothes, etc., that it leads to misbehaviours among adolescents. In addition, another critical impact of globalizing is the danger of epidemic diseases which can easily spread because of faster transportation and increase in the number of tourists. This statement is proved in the recent bird’s flu disease which has infected most Asian countries over a short period of time.

In conclusion, although globalization has sparked a heated debate in recent decades whether it is a blessing or a curse, I believe that globalization is playing an increasingly useful role in today’s communities but we should not ignore destructive side effects of globalization. As a matter of fact, impoverished nations should provide required infrastructures and benchmark successful developing countries such as Brazil and China in order to decrease the disadvantages of globalization.


Task 1:-                                                                   Dated:-02/07/2018


The table shows the worldwide market share of the mobile phone market for manufactures in the years 2005 and 2006.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Worldwide Mobile phone Sales in 2005 & 2006 (% share of market)

Company 2005 % Market share 2006 % Market share
Nokia 32.5 35
Motorola 17.7 21.1
Samsung 12.7 11.8
Sony Ericsson 6.3 7.4
L.G 6.7 6.3
BenQ Mobile 4.9 2.4
Others 19.2 16.2
TOTAL 100.0 100.0

Answer:-

The table gives information on the market share of mobile phone manufactures for two consecutive years, 2005 and 2006.

In both years, Nokia was clearly the market leader, selling 32.5% of all mobile phones in 2005, and slightly more (35%) in 2006. This is a greater market share than its two closest competitors, Motorola and Samsung, added together.

Motorola increased its market share from 17.7% in 2005 to 21.1% in 2006. In contrast, Samsung saw its share of the market decline slightly from 12.7% to 11.8%.

The other companies listed each had a much smaller share of the market. Sony Ericsson’s share increased from 6.3% in 2005 to 7.4% in 2006 whereas L.G decreased slightly from 6.7% to 6.3%. BenQ Mobile’s share more than halved from 2005 to 2006; from 4.9% of the market to only 2.4%.

Other mobile phone manufactures accounted for 19.2% of the market in 2005- more than all the companies mentioned except Nokia. However, in 2006 the other companies only made 16.2% of mobile phone sales- less than both Nokia and Motorola.


Task 2:-                                                              Dated:-27/06/2018


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some people prefer to work for themselves or own a business. Others prefer to work for an employer. Would you rather be self-employed, work for someone else, or own a business?

Use specific reasons to explain your choice.

Answer:-

Several people choose to be self-employed rather than becoming a professional employee, while others decide to be a professional or an entrepreneur. Each of the choices has its own positive and negative things, but in my personal opinion, I prefer to be an employee, since it has the lowest risk.

To begin with, some people have decided to be self-employed. They prefer to do that because they do not like to be regulated by any procedures, or being governed by under companies’ regulation. Examples of the self-employed jobs are professional actors, athletes, freelancers, or other kinds of art performers. While others prefer to be an entrepreneur because they feel that by opening a new business, it brings a lot benefits for themselves and societies. Should the new business run smooth and in accordance with the business plan, the owner should get a lot of profits. And then, it will create job opportunities for the communities as well. However, these two choices have their own weaknesses. As a self-employed person, there is no guarantee that they will get a sustainable income, as they are paid in accordance with their performances. While as a business owner, it is obvious that there are a lot of risks for them such as the risk of bad debt, foreign exchange fluctuation and bankruptcy.

On the other hand, some people dislike being a professional worker. They feel that they have limited and restricted time, and sometimes the workload is also unreasonable. However, many people do not realise that becoming an employee has the lowest risk ever. They will have steady income through their monthly salaries, despite that their companies might be performing poorly. And then they would have additional benefits from the company such as medical allowance, annual leaves and company cars as well. Lastly, companies are also paying the retirement fund for their employees as well. Therefore, the advantages of being an employee outweighed the disadvantages.

In conclusion, it is a fact that people have different options about work. Some people choose to open their own business, while others prefer to be self-employed or work in an organisation. After measuring the benefits and drawbacks, I personally prefer to be a professional employee, since it has the lowest risk.


 

Task 1:-                                                              Dated:- 26/06/2018


» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table below gives information about changes in modes of travel in England between 1985 and 2000.

Describe the information in the table and make comparisons where appropriate.

» Write at least 150 words.

       Average distance in miles travelled per person per year

Model Answer 1:
The table data shows information on the transportations used by British between 1985 and 2000. As is presented in the table, using the car was the most common way of travelling by English both in 1985 and 2000.

In 1985, more than 3000 miles out of total 4740 were travelled by an average British using cars that increased to well over 4500 out of total 6475 in the year 2000. The second most common way of travelling for these two years was the local bus which was far less than that of cars. Taxi was the least preferred transport both years amounting only 13 miles and 42 miles per person in these two years.

The bicycle was used for an average of 50 miles travel by each person in 1985 and that decreased to 41 miles in 2000 which show the decline of bicycle usages by British. Train, local distance buses were two other modes of transports by British, and their popularity increased over the time. In 1985, 255 miles were travelled by a British citizen on foot while this distance decreased slightly in 2000. All other transportations used comprised about 450 miles per person in 1985 which increased to 585 in 2000.

In summary, the popularity of car as a transportation increased among British people in 15 years of time and they mostly preferred to use cars as their means of travel.

Model Answer 2:
The line graph delineates how the vehicle preferences of British changed over the time by comparing the average distance an English travelled using different modes of carriers in 1985 and 2000. Overall, cars were British citizen’s primary mode of transportation and taxi was the least used mode of travel for them.

As the data suggests, an English travelled more than 6400 miles on an average in a year which was almost 36% higher than the distance an average Brit travelled in 1985. Car use predominated this total travel as more than 4800 miles out of 6400 in 2000 were crossed using automobiles and a similar trend was seen in 1985. Use of personal cars in truth increased over the time, as the data outlines. Reliance on buses was higher than train and bicycle use and despite an average 255 miles walking by a Brit in 1985, it decreased after 15 years.

Taxi was perhaps the least preferred mode of commuting as only 13 miles were travelled by a British using it in 1985 which, despite an increase in 2000, was ignorable. Train travel hiked in 2000 while distance travelled by British in local buses dropped. All other transportations contributed to 585 miles of travel by a Brit in 2000, an increase than that of 1985.

Task 2:-                                             Dated:- 26/06/2018


Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or chances. Others believe that success results from careful planning.

In your opinion, what does success come from?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Model Answer 1:  (Both Sides)
People have different views on how to achieve success as some believe that we should take risks for being successful, while others think measured planning is the key to success. The following essay will discuss both views in details.

On the one hand, it is a fact that taking risks is one of the most important keys to success. Risk takers are smart and innovative people as they have creative ideas and planning and they dare to take chances. Should the plan work out, people would start to recognise and  get attracted to their ideas and output, and soon it might become a big fortune for them. For example, in 2005 Steve Jobs created the Ipad tablet which was a newly developed product at that time. Although there was a risk of failure, he took the risk of launching the product to the world and in the end, the tablet became a sensational device all over the world.

On the other hand, some people think the only way to success is through careful and precise planning. They believe that in order to take new steps in life or to make a new business product, people should have a good feasibility study and proper planning. By having a good measurable planning, they would already anticipate and mitigate the risk should there be any failure in the plan.

In my opinion, I believe in the combination of both ideas as people must have plans and dreams in their life and the way to achieve that dream is through making action plans and take the risk.

Model Answer 2: (One Sided)
Some people think that taking risks and chances will lead them to success. From my everyday experience and observation, I believe that success results from careful planning. I base my position on the following points.

First of all, I believe that careful planning helps a person to analyse his goal more deeply and make realistic goals. He knows exactly what he wants. Taking chances, from the other hand, does not give the opportunity to clearly understand a goal. A person just wants to do something to move forward and he takes risks when there is no need of it. A fixed plan helps a person to achieve it and make the person more determined and object oriented than those who don’t have a fixed aim.

Second, careful planning teaches people to arrange their time more carefully in order to reach their goals. They become more patient and calm. They plan every step. This allows people to find an easier way to reach their goals and  move forward faster. From the other hand, people who prefer to take risks without planning may spend more time without any improvements waiting for a chance to take. Take sportsmen for example. They exercise a lot before their performance to be in shape, do all their best and improve their previous results.

Finally, careful planning teaches them not to give up, try to find other ways to reach their goals in the case of failure. To sum up, personally, I think that all people who succeeded in life would agree with me that their success came with the hard work and careful planning.


Task 1:-                                                         Dated:- 25/06/2018


» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the consumption of fish and different kinds of meat in a European country between 1979 and 2004.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

» Write at least 150 words.

Answer:-

The line graph compares the amount of fish, chicken, beef and lamb people in a European country consumed weekly per person over a period of 25 years.

From 1979 to 2004, the consumption of fish in this European country had always been far less than meat with a steady amount of approximately 50 grammes per week per person. As for the trends of meat consumption, the chicken had risen to become the most eaten meat in the year of 2004 compared with the gradual decrease of beef and lamb.

Despite a small spike appeared in 1984 for beef consumption, the line illustrates a general downward trend, making it the second most eaten meat in the year of 2004 whereas beef was the most consumed meat per week dropped from around 225 grams to 100 grams per person, showing a decrease of 125 grams for these 25 years.

People in this European country ate roughly 150 grammes of chicken or lamb per week /per person in 1979. However, 25 years after 1979, the consumption of chicken rose significantly to around 250 grammes per week while the amount of lamb consumed dropped to a little higher than 50 grammes weekly. The opposite trend between chicken and lamb consumption eventually made a gap of 100 grammes in 2004.

 

 


Task 1 :-                                                         Dated:- 23/06/2018


The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Answer :-

The bar chart compares weekly expenditure of British on three fast food items in 1990 while the line graph shows the consumption of these items from 1970 to 1990. Overall, expenditure on fast food varied based on people’s income and the pizza was the most consumed item in 70’s but in later years, consumption of fish & chips increased remarkably.

According to the bar graph, high-income class people spent more money on the hamburger (more than 40 Pence/person) than on fish & chips and pizza. Their spending was also higher than average and low-income class people on fast food. Average income class people also spent more on hamburgers but their spending on fish and chips (25 pence) was more than other two income groups. Finally, the low-income class British spent comparatively less on fast food items and fish& chips cost them most (about 17 pence). They spent the least amount on purchasing pizza (around 7 pence/person).

On the other hand, the line graph shows the consumption of these items by British from 1970 to 1990. Initially, Pizza consumption in Britain was highest (300 gm/ person) in 1970. In this year, less than 80 gm of hamburger and fish & chips were consumed by an average person. Over the time, pizza consumption declined and Fish & Chips became the most consumed item in 1990 with 500 gm consumption per person.


Task 2:-                                                         Dated:-25/06/2018


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Only people who earn a lot of money are successful.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

You should write at least 250 words.

Answer:-

I think that the question whether money is the main indicator of people’s success is a controversial one. Some people believe that only one who earns a lot of money is successful. However, other people think one who does not earn a lot of money can be successful too. For several reasons, which I will list bellow, I agree with those people who think that money is an indicator of success.

First of all, if a person earns a lot of money it means he or she has unique knowledge and experience and people want to pay for these. For example, a good lawyer is often paid a very high salary, because he or she has won many cases and people are ready to pay big money for his knowledge.

A second example is that a salary of a surgeon simplicity depends on his experience and knowledge and on how many surgeries he has completed successfully. In this case surgeon’s salary simplicity depends on surgeon’s success. Secondly, a high salary is an indicator of a prosperous career and profession. People change their jobs, move from one place to another looking for a more interesting and better-paid job. Of cause, some people do not care about salary as long as they like their job, but from my everyday experience and observation, I can state that the majority of people who are not satisfied with their revenue would exchange their current job for another one with a higher salary.

Finally, money plays, maybe, unfortunately, an essential role in our modern life. So, people who earn a lot of money by working hard are considered to be successful. Maybe it sounds a little mercenary but I think that success must be encouraged financially otherwise it is not a success.


Task 2                                                            Dated :-23/06/2018


The older you get, life becomes more complicated. Discuss.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer :-

Ageing is a natural process happening to everyone. However, the bone of contention here is whether the life becomes easier or difficult as years pass by. In my opinion, though life seems to be challenging as we grow old, we could make it happier by making use our cognitive progression in our adult life.

On the one side, most people are of opinion that year after year, our lives get complicated. According to them, during our teenage and adolescence period, we are not carried away by worries related to family, finance and responsibilities, but as we grow older, issues like fetching a job, earning, saving, looking after our parents and children become a millstone on our shoulders. Another significant reason cited for why ageing is problematic is the age-related disorders causing physical ailments like knee and joint pains, eye problems and indigestion.

On the flip side, some people believe that ageing makes life more fruitful. They are inclined to a strong point that a man gets moulded at every stage of life and it is an essential improvement. Being immature and without worries doesn’t actually define happiness, they claim. Rather, every individual could use their natural boons such as intelligent quotient and emotional quotient as an aid to tactically solve the hurdles on their way. For instance, while we have a headache or fever, we might not know what to do during our younger ages but as we grow old we learn to take antibiotics or go to a physician. In the same way, every issue could be sorted out by everyone and life could be made happier. The freedom of decision making is a big difference in childhood and grownup time. When you grow older, you become the earning member and thus you have more freedom to take decisions. On the contrary, in childhood we rely on our parents earning and hence they take most of our decision and obliged us to follow their wish.

To conclude, the older we become, the happier we are by exploring the world and by taking up responsibilities and this is facilitated by the maturity factor of ageing.
So, we need to move on with life happily.


Task 1:-                                              Dated:- 21/06/2018


The chart below shows the sleep patterns of people in five different occupations according to a Canadian study.

Write a report for a university lecturer, describing the information below.

Answer:-

The given illustration demonstrates sleep patterns of students, full-time mothers, truck drivers, doctors and business executives based on a study conducted in Canada. As is observed, people’s sleeping time and duration vary greatly based on their occupations.

As is given in the chart, students have a steady and uninterrupted sleeping pattern. They usually sleep between 11 pm and 7 pm and this is probably because they have to attend classes during the daytime. The truck drivers sleep at different times of the day and they do not sleep for long hours. They sleep fewer hours than the students but more than doctors. The most probable reason for this is unfixed duty at different times of the day. Then comes the full-time mothers who also have an inconsistent sleeping pattern and they need to take care of their children and that is why they remain awake from 1-3 am which should have been the time for sound sleep. Business executives, on the other hand, sleep more than the doctors but less than the students. They sleep continuous hours between 11 pm and 5 am. Since they need to remain busy at their workplaces, they try to sleep at night time. Finally, doctors have the most erratic sleeping pattern and they sleep fewer hours than others. They go to bed at 1 am and awake at 7 am. But the 3-4 am sleeping pattern for doctors shows that they need to remain awake at these hours.


Task 2:-                                                                  Dated:-21/06/2018


Many governments think that economic progress is their most important goal. Some people, however, think that other types of progress are equally important for a country.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience

Answer:-

Governments, in all countries, have some visions and responsibilities and they seek to achieve the overall developments of the country for a prosperous future. Thus many governments think that economic progress is the key to success while others disagree with this notion and opine that many other aspects such as green environment, security, social values, traditions and peace among nations are even more important. I personally believe that economic success of a nation is an important goal for a government but this is not most important.

To start, many developed countries have already gained the economic progress and yet they are suffering from growing crime rates, hostile relationship with other nations, internal chaos, corruption and outbreak of epidemic diseases. Thus economic progress had failed to ensure better life standard of citizens and this is a proof that only economic progress should not be the vision of a government. On the contrary, without economic stability, a government cannot ensure advancement in education, defence, healthcare, international trade and safety of citizens.

Again, industrialisation and success in trades have ensured economic stability to many western and Asian countries and yet the environmental damage that has caused is overwhelming. What good money would bring to a nation if they cannot build a safe and green environment for the next generation? However, many people would also argue that it is better to bestow a prosperous country to the new generation rather than leaving a broken economy.

Furthermore, economic progress requires many monopoly business implementations, dominance in international trade and use of cheap labours from other countries. That can only make other nations hostile and history tells us that wars are imminent due this practice. On the contrary, without economic success, a country cannot defend itself from outer threats, fight with epidemic diseases and cannot ensure proper health care facilities to its citizens. Finally, some would say, with the economic progress the country will lose its old way of living, traditional values and uniqueness as a nation. But it should also be considered that change is the fundamental basis of development and if a nation worries too much about the old way of living, it would fail to ensure progress compared to other nations.

In conclusion, there is no doubt that economic progress should be an important goal for a government but there are still many aspects which are equally important.


Task 1:-                                                            Dated:-20/06/2018


The number of tourists visiting Malaysia and Dubai from 1995 to 2003 is presented below.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown in the diagrams below.

Write at least 150 words.

 

Answer:-

The line graph compares the number of travellers who visited Malaysia and Dubai from 1995 to 2003. Overall, more tourists went to visit Malaysia from 1995 to 2000, but afterwards, Dubai got more visitors.

Getting back to the details, 100 thousand tourists visited Malaysia in 1995 and it was more than double than the number of tourists in Dubai at the same time. Next year, visitors to Malaysia increases while declined in Dubai. Afterwards, the number of tourists in Malaysia and Dubai rapidly increased and in 1998, 200 thousand people went to Malaysia compared to over 150 thousand in Dubai. Interestingly, holidaymakers’ number to both these places became identical and reached to over a quarter million in 2000. Next year, both countries witnessed a hike in their tourists’ number which stood at around 325 thousand. A reverse trend during the next few years followed with more tourists in Dubai than in Malaysia. In 2002 Dubai got more trippers and this trend continued in the next year when 0.4 million vacationers visited Dubai compared to less than 0.25 million in Malaysia.


Task 2:-                                                            Dated:-19/06/2018


Compare the advantages and disadvantages of three of the following as media for communicating information. State which three you consider the most effective.

  • Comic
  • Books
  • Radio
  • Television
  • Film
  • Theater

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Answer:-

In our daily life, we communicate information through lots of different media like the internet, televisions, radios, books, cell phones, films etc. We are living in such a time when information is one of the most important issues and the information technologies as well as the communication media greatly influence our lives. The rapid-growing websites and TV channels are many of few little examples how media are spreading to make information easily accessible. All the media for information interchange have advantages and disadvantages and not all can attract all types of audiences. Comics, books, radios, televisions, film and theatre are all very powerful media for communicating information. In my opinion books, televisions and film among those aforementioned six media are most effective.

Books are the witness of history and the main source from which we gain knowledge. From a very ancient period till now, books have been working as the light-house for our society. In our childhood, we gather most of our knowledge and skills from books. It opens new horizons in front of us. The writer writes down their experiences, imaginations, knowledge, explanation etc. about each and every issue of our lives. Books are the long-lasting protocol to make a bridge among writers and readers.

However, all are not happy to read books. They expect something easier and more vivid. Music, radios, films etc. are more appealing to them. Television is another powerful media. Watching television is a part of our daily lives. Most of the people who have a TV set, watch programs, news etc. with apt attention. It is a strong medium for Government and other organisations to send their messages to the mass population. Program representatives also broadcast the people’s view and opinions about different controversial issues in TV programs. However, this medium has lots of demerits and bad impacts. Government and politically biased organisations often send negative and misleading news. Again young people watch different satellite channels and try to adopt the alien culture which is really harmful for the culture and tradition of a country.

Films are an audio-visual representation and can catch the attention of people from different geographical locations, races and cultures. A good film can shape someone’s morality and doctrine and the film-makers with their huge amount of money, are so careful to make their films realistic and eye-absorbing. Every film has a direct or potential message or moral. On the contrary, some films also bring a wrong message to us. For example, protagonists are always smoking in the films and it seems that smoking is a good and smart habit. It causes many younger people imitate them smoking.

In conclusion, I would like to state that books, televisions and films are the most powerful and effective medias for communicating information.


 

Task 1:-                                                             Dated:-18/06/2018


The graph below shows the demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer. The pie chart shows how electricity is used in an average English home.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Answer:-

The Demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer is illustrated in the graph. The use of electricity in an average English home is shown in the pie chart. From the graph it is generally obvious that the demand is in its maximum around 2100 in winter times and in its minimum around 400 being almost constant between 1200 and 2100 in winter times. During summer times on the other hand the demand reaches its top point around 1300 and the bottom point around 900 being almost constant between 1550 and 2000.

In wither times the curve gradually increases to reach 40000 units of electricity by 3 o’clock in the morning. This is followed by gradual decline to its lowest limit of 30000 units at 9 o’clock. A gradual rise is obvious again to reach a stationary level between 3 o’clock and 9 o’clock of about 40000 units again. Then there is a sharp rise in the next hour to reach its maximum before collapsing again to a lower level by the end of the day.

In summer time the curve gradually decrease to reach its lower limit around 9 o’clock of a bit more that 10000 units. A gradual increase is noticed to reach its top of 20000 after which a stationary phase is obvious between 3 o’clock and 10 o’clock at night of about 15000 units.

The pie chart on the other hand shows that 52.5% of the electricity is used for heating rooms and water. 17.5% is consumed for ovens kettles and washing machines 15% is used in lighting TV and radio and finally 15% is consumed in the sue of vacuum cleaners food mixtures and electric tools.

Task 2:-                                                             Dated:-18/06/2018


The government is spending a lot of money to discover life on other planets. Some people think that government is wasting money and should spend more money addressing the problems of public.
To what extent do you agree?

Answer:-

Since the first rocket had been launched the mankind has been trying to find life in other worlds. This endeavor would be impossible if government didn’t spent resources on it. There are two distinctive prospects on this situation. Some believe that the money that has been invested for decades is wasted, at the same time, there are those who support the search and I am one of them. Below both points of view will be discussed in details.

Primarily, those who argue against the idea state that there are many Earthly problems that demand our immediate attention. For instance, environmental issues that might have been alleviated significantly if government had spent the resources devoted to search for extra-terrestrial life on financing such ecologically friendly projects as construction of plants powered by solar energy and wind. From this point of view, politicians misusing limited resources on pursuing vague, if not useless, goals.

However, there is an alternative position on the issue. Many scientists claim that searching for alien life forms has increased the volume of our knowledge about the universe, its creation and development, and the more we know about the nature, the better we understand ourselves. For example, while looking for other civilization, astronomers have collected huge volume of data about other star systems and their mechanics. In fact, there has been found more then 10 000 Earth-like planets or Super-Earths. All the gathered information is used to better understand the Solar system and its origin. Consequently, it is hardly possible to say that the finances were wasted.

Furthermore, the search for aliens might be bringing some fruits in the future. Many pundits aver that this discovery is only matter of time. If the mankind contacts another life form, it will have a tremendous impact on all scientific fields from biology to philosophy. Having in mind this prospect makes the spending reasonable.

To sum up, although search for life in the space is seemed by some as meaningless, it appears that there are some benefits that outweigh the drawbacks.


IELTS Academic Writing Task 1               Dated: 16/06/2018


»You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The first chart below shows the results of a survey which sampled a cross-section of 100,000 people asking if they traveled abroad and why they traveled for the period 1994-98. The second chart shows their destinations over the same period.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

         VISITS ABROAD BY UK RESIDENTS BY PURPOSE OF VISIT (1994-98)

1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Holiday 15,246 14,898 17,896 19,703 20,700
Business 3,155 3,188 3,249 3,639 3,957
Visits to friends & relatives 2,689 2,628 2,774 3,051 3,181
Other reasons 982 896 1,030 1,054 990
TOTAL 22,072 21,610 24,949 27,447 28,828

Travellers' destinations over the same period

Answer:

The provided charts show the data of a survey conducted on 100,000 people and the statistics shows the number of UK citizen travelled abroad during 1994 to 1998 for different purposes and their destinations. As is observed from the given graphs, most of the UK residents travelled on their holidays and Western Europe was their most favourite destination.

Initially, in 1994, more than 22 thousand UK resident traveled different foreign countries and among them, more than 15 thousand went on their holidays. For business tours, more than 3 thousand people travelled in other countries in the same year while more than 2 thousand people visited their friends and relatives. After 1 year, this number slightly decreased and for the rest of the years until 1998, the number steadily increased in almost all of the categories. Finally, in 1998, the total traveler number reached to more than 28 thousand and among them, more than twenty thousand people travelled to enjoy their holidays.

In 1994, almost 18 thousand people out of 22 thousand went to Western Europe which is significantly larger than the number of people traveled to North America and other parts of the world. The similar trends can be observed for the remaining years and the majority people of the UK went to Western Europe which makes this place the most popular tourist’s destination of UK people.


Task 2 :                                                           Dated: 16/06/2018


In many cities, an increasing number of people do not know their neighbours and the sense of community is lost. Discuss the causes and give measures to turn it around.

Discuss both views and give your opinion?

Answer:
The significant rises of the population, fast paced life, crime rate and dependency on technology in the urban areas make more people become unacquainted and unfriendly to their neighbours. However, there are measures that can be taken to alleviate this issue.

In today’s technology dependent era, people are mostly busy with their own work. Major streets in the cities are filled with busy people walking fast to reach their office or business place. They are even busy talking to their office colleagues and family members over the phone. After they return home late evening, they watch television, use computer and the Internet or spend time with family members. They scarcely have any time to socialise with neighbours. In some scenarios, people do not even know who live next door in city areas. These are the everyday scenarios in the cities where social interactions could be rarely seen as individuals have no time to socialise and much focused on their own work or personal interests.

Again, the rampant acceleration of crimes in the urban community makes individual become unnecessarily cautious and suspicious about other people, especially with the people they meet for the very first time. Even trusting their own neighbourhood would be tough for them as they are in constant fear of being harmed. As a result inhabitants of cities tend to become isolated as they are afraid to mingle because of undeveloped acquaintance. Unlike rural areas, where comparatively fewer people live together, city areas are highly populated and it is not unlikely that several thousands of people live in a block. Maintaining social relationship with all of them is this thus quite impossible.

On the other hand, considering possible measures to improve a sense of community in the neighbourhood community officials must organise programmes regularly to encourage camaraderie. Secondly, building more parks, social gathering places, community centres and children’s playground in the community could be a good measure to let people socialise and know each other. This is also helpful for meeting friends, bonding with family and neighbours. As a result, people living in the community would develop a sense of friendship. Positive news and events among community members should be highlighted in media to eradicate the fear people have about unknown people. Finally, organizing different community groups to help people find others with same interest and to share common passions is a very effective measure to help people enhance their neighboring bonds and relationship in my opinion.

To sum it up, city life and overwhelming population should not be hindrances to our sense of community and our relationship with our neighbors. It would be nicer for the community to develop a friendly environment to create a better place to live in with all the neighbors.


Task 2:-                                                           Dated:- 15/06/2018


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Children brought up in families with less money are better prepared for life than those from wealthy families.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Answer:

Who are better prepared to face the life – adults who were raised lavishly or in a destitute condition? To a certain extent, I would agree that children who were raised in a low-income family are better in facing life than those who came from a rich family. However, I also believe that it really depends on how parents teach their children.

For a number of reasons, many experts believe that children who are brought up in the middle and low-income families are better prepared in facing life, as life is not always easy. Firstly, these children are accustomed living a simple lifestyle. Instead of having their own room, with all the toys and comfortable beds in the room, they have to sleep with their siblings in a small room. They learn how to share, take care of others, manage the budgets and most importantly become contented with whatever they have. As these children do not have many luxuries in life, they would easily adapt to the harsh conditions. Secondly, these children are already taught to be independent at an early age. Many of their parents could not afford to pay school tuition fees, therefore they have to have a part-time job to pay the school fees. They appreciate more about education as they have to pay by their own and thus learn to be independent at an early age.

These experts also believe that children who are raised in rich families will face difficulties when they grow up and face the real world. One of the reasons is that their parents have always provided them with all the materials they wanted and needed. They have fancy clothes, expensive toys and advanced gadgets in their hands without having to work hard. As they rely heavily on the parent’s wealth, they will face problems if there is a financial crisis. However, not all wealthy parents spoil their children, and in many instances, rich children get better facilities to settle in life.

To conclude, the upbringing of a child mostly defines who he will become in the future. Family wealth, though important from some angels, is not always the determining fact for someone’s personality and adaptability as better parenting is more crucial.

 


Task 1:–                                                              Dated:- 14/06/2018


The charts below show the main method of transportation for people travelling to one university for work or study in 2004 nad 2009.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant

 

Answer:-

The two pie charts compare the percentages of travellers using five traffic methods to commute to one university for work and study in 2004 and 2009. In general, after ten years’ time, buses overtook cars to be commuters’ top preference for transport mediums. It is also obvious to see that while the proportion of people travelling by cars decreased significantly from 1994 to 2004, the popularity of other methods observed an upward trend.

In 1994, over a half of people (51%) travelling to the university used cars as their main method of transport, making automobiles the most preferred one, followed by bus with 33%. However, the figure for can users experienced a nearly twofold decrease to only 28% in 2004.  Witnessing a reverse trend, after a 10-year period, the percentage of bus-based travellers rose by 11%. The trend of preferring buses to cars could be attributed to the installation of a new bus stop in 2006 and alterations to the car park at the university in 2008.

An upward pattern was observed in the proportions of pedestrians, train passengers and bike riders. Marginally mare people chose to travel by train or walked to the university from 2004 to 2009, accounting for insignificant percentages of less than 6% between 1994 and 2004. These means are the least favored by travellers. However, a more substantial rise, from 9% to 16%, was seen in the bicycle share.

 


Task 1:-                                                              Dated:- 08/06/2018


The line graph below shows the number of annual visits to Australia by overseas residents. The table below gives information on the country of origin where the visitors came from.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information given.

Write at least 150 words.

NUMBER OF VISITORS (million)
1975 2005
SOUTH KOREA

JAPAN

CHINA

USA

BRITAIN

EUROPE

2.9

3.2

0.3

0.4

0.9

1.1

9.1

12.0

0.8

1.1

2.9

4.5

Total 8.8 30.4

Answer:-

The given line graph illustrates information on the number of overseas visitors traveling to Australia in millions of people. Overall, one notable trend seems to be that Australia has steadily become more popular as a destination spot. For example, there were 20 million more visitors to Australia in 2005 than in 1975. That’s a jump from 10 million to 30 million in 20 years.

The second table gives statistics showing the countries whose residents went to Australia between 1975 and 2005. In both years, the largest number of visitors came from Japan, followed by South Korea and Europe. Britain, the United States and China also had many people traveling to Australia in these years. In fact, the number of people visiting Australia grew in every one of these countries. For example, in 2005, 12 million people went there from Japan compared with only 3.2 million in 1975.

Task 2:–                                                                    Dated:- 08/06/2018


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population. This is causing problems not only for the poor in undeveloped countries but also for industrialised and developing nations.

Describe some of the problems that overpopulation causes, and suggest at least one possible solution.

You should write at least 250 words.

Answer:-

For the past few decades, planet earth is observing a significant rise in world population which is very alarming. Substantial increase in population is also causing problems in growing countries. This essay will explain some of the problems caused by overpopulation and will recommend few possible remedies to overcome this issue.

The very first problem caused by overpopulation is in providing basic necessities of life to inhabitants. Governments find it very hard to provide adequate food and water to residents, provide quality educational services and faces problems in facilitating proper health services both in urban and rural areas. For instance, in India, more than 70% people lives below the poverty line. Moreover, overpopulation destroys the ecosystem of the society.
Another cause due to the increase in population is that governments and administrators of the emergent countries fail to arrange proper public services. This includes logistics, mass transit system, power generation and arranging housing facilities for people in overcrowded cities. For instance, people in Pakistan are facing crisis in the energy sector and public transport system due to overpopulation. This also gives rise to unemployment which results in increased crime rate.
There are few remedies to over this acute problem. One of them is through having awareness programs for families to control birth rate. For instance, family health workers in Sindh created a huge impact in rural areas by educating families about the issues caused by overpopulation. Government should also put in place strong policies and high tax rate on families having more than two children

To conclude, overpopulation causes problem in health, academic and other public services domain and place a huge burden on the government. If the problem continues to grow without having proper control of it, many more people will die due to starvation in poor countries and life in growing countries will become increasingly difficult.


Task 1:-                                                         Dated:- 07/06/2018


The take below gives information about the underground railway systems in six cities.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Underground Railways Systems
City Date opened Kilometres of route Passengers per year
(in  millions)
London 1863 394 775
Paris 1900 199 1191
Tokyo 1927 155 1927
Washington DC 1976 126 144
Kyoto 1981 11 45
Los Angeles 2001 28 50

Answer:-

The table shows the details regarding the underground railway systems in six cities.

London has the oldest underground railway systems among the six cities. It was opened in the year 1863, and it is already lye years old. Paris is the second oldest, in which it was opened in the year 1900. This was then followed by the opening of the railway systems in Tokyo, Washington DC and Kyoto. Los Angeles has the newest underground railway system, and was only opened in the year 2001. In terms of the size of the railway systems, London, For certain, has the largest underground railway systems. It has 394 kilometres of route in total, which is nearly twice as large as the system in Paris. Kyoto, in contrast, has the smallest system. It only has 11 kilometres of route, which is more than 30 times less than that of London.

Interestingly, Tokyo, which only has 155 kilometres of route, serves the greatest number of passengers per year, at 1927 millions passengers. The system in Paris has the second greatest number of passengers, at 1191 millions passengers per year. The smallest underground railway system, Kyoto, serves the smallest number of passengers per year as predicted.

In conclusion, the underground railway systems in different cities vary a lot in the site of the system, the number of passengers served per year and in the age of the system.

Task 2:-                                                             Dated:- 07/06/2018


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Do you think that modern technology, such as the internet and computers will ever replace the book or the written word as the main source of information?

Give reasons for your answer using your own ideas and experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Answer:-

It is true that information technology has grown rapidly in the past few years, and many people predict that it will develop faster in the future. Some people believe that print out books and articles will be replaced by computer devices in the future. To a certain extent, I would agree that the number of printed books will decrease significantly in the future, but I do believe that hardcopy books will continue to exist in the future.

On one hand, it is a fact that with the existence of the computer and the internet technology, people can obtain a lot of information. People would just open the device, connect it to a network and they could search all articles that they need. There are tens of thousands of websites which provide valuable information such as www.national geographic.com or www.discovery.com. Besides that, many news corporations also provide electronic newspapers these days like CNN or BBC, which can be read in the notebook, tab or smartphone. As a result, many people prefer to read the information from the electronic devices rather than to purchase the print out one.

On the other hand, it is predicted that print out books, newspapers or magazines will continue to exist in future, though the number will decrease drastically. Firstly, not everyone likes to read an article through the gadget directly, since they think it is uncomfortable. They believe that the radiation of computer screen would cause eyes irritation, and give a negative effect on their eyes’ health. Secondly, it is undeniable that the development of internet technology is not equally spread all over the world. The online services would only be available in advance countries and in some major cities of developing and poor countries. As a consequence, people who live in the rural or remote areas will still need the print out version.

In conclusion, although it is true that the number of electronic books and news has increased considerably in the recent years, but the existence of the hardcopy version will be irreplaceable. As some people do not feel comfortable in reading an article directly from the computer screen, and others who live in the countryside might not have the access to the technology.


 

Task 1:-                                                             Dated:- 06/06/2018


You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water consumption in two different countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

 

Answer:-

The graph shows how the amount of water used worldwide changed between 1900 and 2000.

Throughout the century, the largest quantity of water was used for agricultural Purposes, and this increased dramatically from about 500 km³ to around 3,000 km³ in the year 2000. Water used in the industrial and domestic sectors also increased, but consumption was minimal until mid-century. From 1950 onwards, industrial use grew steadily to just over 1,000 km³, while domestic use rose more slowly to only 300 km³, both far below the levels of consumption by agriculture.

The table illustrates the differences in agriculture consumption in some areas of the world by contrasting the amount of irrigated land in Brazil (26,500 km³) with that in the D.R.C. (100 km²). This means that a huge amount of water is used in agriculture in Brazil, and this is reflected in the figures for water consumption per person: 359 m³ compared with only 8 m³ in the Congo. With a population of 176 million, the figures for Brazil indicate how high agriculture water consumption can be in some countries.

 

 


Task 1:-                                              Dated:- 05/06/2018


The bar chart shows the divorce rates in two European countries from 2011 to 2015.Answer:-

The bar chart provides information about the percentages of divorces in Finland and Sweden between 2011 and 2015.

Sweden’s divorce rate was about 45% in 2011, being higher than Finland’s rate by approximately 8%. Then, it rose to almost fifty percent in 2012. However, the figure showed a gradual decrease to about 47% in 2013, and continued to decline steadily to the end of the period, reaching around 45% in 2014 and hitting a low-point of about 37% in 2015.

Percentage of divorces in Finland was less than 40% in 2011, and it decreased in 2012, when about one third of marriages in Finland ended with a divorce (as opposed to almost a half in Sweden). However, the figure experienced a steady growth during the next two years. It rose to approximately 39% in 2013, then increased by around 3% in 2014, and remained steady for the next year, outracing the rate of Sweden.

Overall, Sweden experienced a downward trend, while Finland showed an upward trend throughout the period. Both countries’ divorce rates had some fluctuations. Although Finland initially had a lower rate, it outraced Sweden at the end of the period.


  Task 1:-                                                            Dated:-04/06/2018


The map below is of the town of Garlsdon. A new supermarket (S) is planned for the town. The map shows two possible sites for the supermarket.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Answer:

The illustration gives information on the possible places to construct a supermarket in Garlsdon. Overall, it is clearly shown that one of the possible sites of a supermarket is in the countryside while the other in the town centre.

Firstly, it is apparent that the first site of the supermarket (S1) is located in the countryside where it is far away from the town centre and residential places. However, it is reachable by the public from the town centre and their housing areas by train and other transports on roads as there are a railway track and the main road connecting the supermarket and town centre. In addition, although it is located near to Hendon, its location is far away from Bransdon and Gransdon which have a higher population than Hindon.

Turning to the second possible site of the supermarket (S2), it is apparent that it situated in the centre of the town where every citizen in the town can easily access. It is fairly convenient for those living in Hindon and Gransdon as there are two ways to reach it, either by train or through the main roads. On the other hand, those from Bransdon can only visit supermarket through the main road.


Task 2:-                                              Dated:-04/06/2018


Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. They say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement.

To what extent do you think laws are needed to make people recycle more of their waste?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.Waste recycling and people’s participation in it is a moot issue and a lot of arguments could be observed among people as well as in the media regarding whether people should spontaneously take part in recycling process or the government should make it a legal obligation. I personally believe that government should impose laws and severely fine the violation of it to ensure proper waste recycling.

First, waste recycling is done by the state and citizens are expected to properly divide the recyclable and non-recyclable wastages and pack them accordingly while dumping them in recycle bins. They are expected to cooperate greatly in the recycling process. However, it is a strange fact that many people do not participate in it spontaneously either from their negligence or from their lack of time to do so.

Second, it is a harsh truth that people in many cases abide by a rule only from the concern of punishment or fine, not from their conscience. For instance, when the penalty for traffic rule violation went up, people started following them in my city. Similarly, if laws are introduced and the authority starts penalising, more people would recycle more of their wastages.

Third, waste recycling is a very handy process to save our environment and we already have many rules to protect our environment. While deforesting is a severe crime in my country, there is no visible law for not recycling the waste. This is why people are very careless about their waste production and this has created a throwaway society in our country. This is why proper laws are required.

In conclusion, most of the citizens in our country already know about the importance of saving the environment and how individual efforts of recycling can improve environmental conditions. Since many of them still do not participate in waste recycling, there is no alternative than to impose laws to have this done.


Task 1:-                                                            Dated:- 02/06/2018


The chart shows the division of household tasks by gender in Great Britain.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Answer:-

The chart shows the average number of minutes per day men and women in Great Britain spend on jobs around the house.

In total, men spend just over two-and-a-half hours on household tasks whereas women spend slightly less than four hours. Women spend more than twice as much time doing kitchen tasks such as cooking and washing up as men (74 minutes for women as opposed to 30 minutes for men. Women are also more active in cleaning the house- it takes 58 minutes of their day compared to / with 13 minutes for men – and childcare, where women put in more than twice as much time as men.

On the other hand, men are more active in gardening and pet care, where they spend twice as longas women, and maintenance and DIY, on which they spend 15 minutes more than women. Women account for almost all the time spent on washing and ironing clothes. This takes them 25 minutes,while / whereas men spend just 2 minutes on this task.

Overall the figures show that women spend more time on routine domestic chores than men, while / whereas men do more household maintenance, gardening and pet care.

Task 2:-                                                           Dated:- 02/06/2018


Many students decide to further their study abroad. What are the benefits and drawbacks of studying abroad?

What is your view on this? What do you prefer?

Give reasons for your answer.

Answer:-

It must be admitted that education is the first route a student take to build his future. Some students prefer to pursue their study overseas while others want to further their study in their countries. Undoubtedly, studying abroad has its advantages and disadvantages. For many reasons, which will be discussed in this essay, I strongly believe that the advantages are far more than the disadvantages.

One advantage of studying abroad is mingling with the different types of the cultures and customs of that country. To illustrate, when a student travels abroad for study, he will be completely exposed to positive traditions and cultures of such people. Consequently, he will get useful benefits from such customs when he returns to his homeland. One example for that is my friend who, before one year, travelled to a country for the purpose of the study. There, he acquired many positive things from that country such as respect of regulations and the kind treatment of people. Therefore, when he came back to his country, his family was immensely affected by his new positive merits to the point that it begins to apply them.

Another advantage of studying overseas is the massive benefits a student gets in his major. In fact, he will encounter the elite professors and academics from which he will acquire a good knowledge and experience in his field. Accordingly, the student will spend less time studying his major due to those highly educated professors. Hence, it can be said that such student will be highly respected by his people when he returns to his home. Moreover, his immense knowledge and experience will dramatically contribute to the growth and development of his country.

From the other side, it can be found that travelling abroad has minor negative effects on the students; some of which are getting involved in unethical activities or abusing drugs. Those bad things might make the students deviate from their original morals and traditions. However, this mainly depends on the student himself. If he follows these bad routes, he will not concentrate on his study anymore. Therefore, he will acquire the bad habits instead of his golden goal, namely study. Also, his future and previous aspirations will be utterly lost.

In conclusion, studying abroad has its pros and cons. However, as I stated above, that the advantages are the prominent feature. Subsequently, every student, if intended to study overseas, should pick out the good and beneficial merits from that country and extremely abstain from the ugly habits or customs. Accordingly, will get a multicultural educated and prosperous generation of which we will greatly proud.


Task 1:-                                                      Dated:- 01/06/2018


The diagrams below show the changes that have taken place at Queen Mary Hospital since its construction in 1960.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

                               

Answer:-

The diagrams show Queen Mary Hospital at three different stages in its development: 1960, 1980 and 2000.

In 1960, the hospital was built close to a main road and next to a shopping centre. A large area behind the hospital was turned into a car park, while the area behind the shopping centre was farmland.

By 1980, the shopping centre had been demolished in order to make way for two additional hospital building which became a pharmacy and a cancer centre. Furthermore, the hospital gained the farmland and converted it into a nursing school.

In 2000, the main hospital building remained unchanged but the cancer centre was extended to cover the entire nursing school. As a result of this, the original car park was divided into two so that it provided a smaller car park and a small nursing school.

During this period, the hospital has increased in size and, in addition to a new nursing school, a cancer centre has been created and extended. Hence the capacity of the car park has been reduced by a half.

Task 2:-                                              Dated:-01/06/2018


Today the high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of advertising and not the real needs of the society in which they are sold.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer:-

In this contemporary world, if the company wants to survive, they need income which can be brought by selling their goods. They use electronic media and newspapers as a medium of communication between them and consumers. It is also the responsibility of the consumers to think once or twice before buying the product for themselves. It is completely left to the customer opinion, as he has the right to choose. So, to some extent, I agree with the statement given in the question.

Firstly, from company’s perspective side who makes the commodity, products are advertised everywhere on roads using flexies, the internet and other electronic media. They try to entice the customer by using cine stars, actress, singers to advertise their product or by giving special offers, weekend offers etc, rather than highlighting the quality of the product. Sometimes they do not show the drawbacks of the commodity such as the material used, warranty, durability etc. Some sales websites such as Flipkart, Amazon, snapdeal, try to attract customers.

Secondly, from consumers’ perspective, customers have their own habits in buying the product. Only a few customers get attention towards product and their advertisement rather seeing the quality of the product and its Brand. Most of the customers do their own survey before buying items. Suppose if the person wants to buy a mobile, he compares the performance of the gadget with other gadgets, he takes ratings into consideration, experts view and from their opinion, he will buy the gadget. In addition to that, customers take the Brand into account and don’t bother about any star acting in that advertisement.

In conclusion, it is neither possible to blame the customer nor the advertisement. Advertisements act as one way to communicate with customers and get their opinion. But it is also the responsibility of consumers before buying the product and think whether it is useful to them or not. If they have enough income, doesn’t mean they spend it lavishly, irrespective of that everybody has the freedom to think. So use it appropriately.


 Task 1:-                                                        Dated:- 31/05/2018


The chart and graph below give information about sales and share prices for Coca-Cola.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

  • You should write at least 150 words.
  • You should spend about 20 minutes on this task

Answer:-

The pie chart shows the worldwide distribution of sales of Coca-Cola in the year 2000 and the graph shows the change in share prices between 1996 and 2001.

In the year 2000, Coca-Cola sold a total of 17.1 billion cases of their fizzy drink product worldwide. The largest consumer was North America, where 30.4 per cent of the total volume was purchased. The second largest consumer was Latin America. Europe and Asia purchased 20.5 and 16.4 per cent of the total volume respectively, while Africa and the Middle East remained fairly small consumers at 7 per cent of the total volume of sales.

Since 1996, share prices for Coca-Cola have fluctuated. In that year, shares were valued at approximately $35. Between 1996 and 1997, however, prices rose significantly to $70 per share. They dipped a little in mid-1997 and then peaked at $80 per share in mid-98. From then until 2000 their value fell consistently but there was a slight rise in mid-2000.

Task 2:-                                                        Dated:- 31/05/2018


Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above statement?

What other measures do you think might be effective?

Answer:-

It is considered that increasing the price of petrol is one of the most important ways to curb escalating traffic and pollution problems. However, in my opinion, I completely believe that using other sustainable sources of energy like solar, wind and hydro will immensely help to tackle such issues.

On the one hand, there are people who think that increasing the price of petrol will reduce its use and, thus, decrease rising traffic congestions and pollutions. However, in spite of increased petrol price people will continue to use it as there are no other viable options available to run vehicles. Hence, it will not bring much change in solving growing traffic issues and pollutions. In fact, due to increase in petrol price cost of goods may increase because of increase in the transportation costs, creating detrimental effects in the economy.

On the other hand,  if more sustainable energy like solar power, wind power, and hydropower are utilised to run vehicles and factories, there will be less emission of harmful gases like carbon mono oxide and CFC which contributes increasing air pollution considerably. In addition, using solar power to run public vehicles would result in cheap fare. This will encourage people to travel through eco-friendly cheap trams, trains and buses.

To conclude, increasing the price of petrol is not the best way to resolve growing traffic congestions and pollutions. Thus, effective way to control aforementioned issues would be to use other renewable sources of energy in public transport system which can significantly bring down traffic and pollution problems.


Task 1:-                                              Dated:- 30/05/2018


Answer:-

Task 2:-                                            Dated:- 30/05/2018


In education and employment, some people work hard than others. Why do some people work hard? Is it always a good thing to work hard?

Answer:-

It is true that some people work hard while others prefer not to push themselves beyond a certain limit. There are various reasons for these different attitudes to work. In my view, passion for one’s work is a desirable quality in an employee, but too much hard work can be counter-productive and unhealthy.

There are three main reasons which encourage people to work hard.First, some people work extra shifts to earn more money. They believe that with the extra income earned, they can buy comforts for themselves and for their families. Second, newly employed people work for long hours to reach the targets set by the employer in order to secure their job. They fear that their employer will replace them with more competent people, if they fail to reach the target. Finally, there are people who are very passionate about their career and work. They work mindless of the passing of time or their family commitments to achieve their career goals and earn higher social status.

However, people who work hard usually face serious problems at the workplace and at home. To begin with, people doing long shifts are more likely to commit mistakes due to work pressure. As a result, they make huge loss to the company which they work for and lose job. Also, sometimes due to over load of work and odd working hours, people do not give time to their family. Consequently, arguments may arise between partners creating trouble in their relationship. Moreover, many studies have shown that there is an increase in the number of people suffering from stress disorder and other neurological illnesses due to extensive working hours.

To conclude, it is evident that hard work allows people to achieve their career goals and earn more money. However, working hard neglecting one’s health and family is never a risk worth taking.


Task 1:-                                             Dated:- 28/05/2018


The chart below shows estimated world illiteracy rates by region and by gender for the year 2000.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

»You should write at least 150 words

Estimated World illiteracy rates, by region and gender, 2000.

 

Answer:-

The bar chart compares the ratio of uneducated population, divided by sex, in six regions of the world in 2000. Overall, illiteracy rates were the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa, Arab countries and South Asia and close to zero in developed nations. However, there were more illiterate women than men in all regions.

Men and women, unable to read or write, made up only 1% and 2% in developed countries. In comparison, the proportions of illiterate citizens in Latin America and the Caribbean were higher, 10% and 11%. In East Asia and Oceania, however, the gap was enormous; there were 20% illiterate females compared to 8% males.

As regards the other regions, Sub-Saharan Africa had much greater proportions of the unschooled population, 48% women and 30% men. A similar proportion was seen in Arab states, where illiteracy rates were 53% and 28% respectively for females and males. It is noticeable that more than half of their females and one-quarter males never received any formal education. However, South Asia stood out as having the worst illiteracy figures for both sexes; 55% females versus 34% males.

Task 2:-                                             Dated:- 28/05/2018


An increase in production of consumer goods results in damage to the natural environment. What are the causes and possible solutions?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Answer:-

With a sheer volume of the world population, the demand for consumer products has reached to the vertex. The factories and industries which are manufacturing these goods are often attributed to deteriorating the natural environment. The causes are many and there are some efficient solutions that can prevent this damage to a great extent and this essay deals with these issues and solutions.

To begin with, it is quite natural that the huge population has increased the demand for various consumer products and to meet the demands, new factories and industries are being established each day. To provide the spaces required for this overwhelming number of factories, trees and forests are being cut. Sometimes agricultural fields are being used to build such factories. This has a direct impact on the environment. Furthermore, almost every factory is contributing to the global warming and polluting the air. Factories often consume natural resources and emit chemical wastages to water. This is polluting the water and threatening the very existence of the natural ecosystem.

Again, the increasing demands for consumer products is a reason humans exploit the natural resources. Plastics and similar materials used for packaging are the reason the degradation of the land. The consumer products like cars, electronic devices and luxury items directly contribute to the temperature increase and greenhouse effect.

The solutions to this problem have to be very efficient and long term. One such solution could be educating people to be frugal while purchasing goods. Governments should strictly control the location of factories and the amount of wastages those factories emit. Then, establishing factories near rivers, lakes, fertile agricultural lands should be banned. On top of that, eco-friendly alternative fuels should be introduced and using solar power for offices and industries should be compulsory. Some other solutions like waste recycling, imposing heavy taxes on luxury items, use of disposable packaging materials and mass tree plantation projects should be in place. Finally, factories and consumer products selling organisations should be forced to participate in tree plantation.

In  conclusion, the overuse of natural resources and the human luxury affect the natural environment very adversely. Effective solutions to prevent the damages caused by this should be immediately implemented to save the earth we live in.


Task 1:-                                                         Dated:- 26/05/2018


Answer:-

The two pie charts compare the percentages of energy generated from six different sources in a country in 1985 and 2004.

Overall, after 17 years, oil was still the dominant source for energy production despite a significant decrease in its proportion. Conversely, this country became more dependent on natural gas, coal and renewable sources. In 1985, over half of energy was produced from oil — the most popular source, and this figure exactly quadrupled that of natural gas with only 13%. Meanwhile, nuclear power was the second most used source, providing nearly a quarter of the total energy volume. However, after nearly two decades, while the use of two major sources in 1985 decreased markedly to 39% for oil and a modest 8% for nuclear power, that of natural gas saw a 10% increase.

Regarding other sources, the amount energy produced from coal accounted for a negligible percentage of 8% in 1985, and then experienced a nearly threefold rise to 22%, making coal the third largest source in 2003. Renewable sources and hydro power each contributed an insignificant 4% to the total power generation in 2003, after a fourfold rise and a stability in the uses of the former and the later respectively compared to the initial figures.

Task 2:-

Many people want their country to host an international sporting event. Others believe that international sporting events bring more problems than benefits.

Answer:-

Throughout the 21st century, a lot of significant global events have happened at different locations. Sports, which is played among nations, is one such event which is becoming extremely popular, especially among the youngsters of the developed nations. The discussion that whether or not to host an international sporting program by a nation is advantageous is a debatable one, with strong logics provided by the supporters of both the views.

On the one hand, a sense of patriotism will be increased among the citizens of the hosting country due to the fact that they will be proud to see their country in the international headlines, during the entire event. In addition to that, the nation’s top leaders have an opportunity to hand over the price to the winners. For example, in 2005 when Brazil hosted the soccer world cup, every day the name ‘Brazil’ was seen in almost all media like newspapers, televisions and the internet. Secondly, motivation will be cultivated among the youths of the host country, and will actively try to play the game locally. This can bring up the sporting potential of the citizens and later help to play for the nation. For instance, the proportion of citizens playing cricket increased by 10 percent after India hosted cricket world cup in 2000. Thus, a country can have many sportsmen in the pool and pick the best ones.

On the other hand, there are security threats especially from the terrorists or by opponents from the start to the end of the program. A lot of money needs to be spent to deploy the military forces, round the clock, to ensure that the nation is completely under control. In 2005, Brazil spent 25 million dollars to ensure that the country is secure in all aspects. Moreover, this money could be used for the starving people, especially in Africa. Thus, some people gravitate towards this point of view.

In conclusion, although I understand that huge money needs to be spent for safety purposes, I totally agree that hosting international sporting events are advantageous for both – the hosting country and the attending countries. There should be regular sporting events held internationally every year, to promote peace and love.

                                           OR

International sporting events held after every three to four year all over the world. A large number of people travel across the world to support their team during the event. Some people argue that these events bring prosperity, enthusiasm, entertainment and business for the hosting nation. Others claim that it could have dire consequences and severe negative effect on the lives of local people.

Firstly, sporting tournaments play a pivotal role in strengthening the economy of the organising country. Numerous tourists and visitors attend these events to support and lift up the morale of their teams. Local people observe a dramatic rise in the sales of their goods and services.

Secondly, sport is a source of entertainment and fun for its followers. People get the chance to meet and enjoy the performance of their favourite sports star. Thirdly, it provides an opportunity to meet new people and understand their culture and traditions that could substantially decrease the tension between the people of rival countries. International sporting events also popularise a country to the world and thus the potential tourism industry of this country gets benefits from that.

However, it is often seen that people burst out as their team lose the match that could exacerbate the situation in the ground and make it a battlefield. Additionally, congestion, adequate accommodation and visitor’s safety are the few issues that are caused by these events. During 2010 football world cup in Brazil, a record number of thefts and stolen cases were reported. To tackle such problems required enormous funds and detailed planning. Not all sports can attract international visitors and fans and thus many of these sporting events cost a lot while earning a little.

To sum up, I would like to say that international events help in minimising tensions and create stronger bonding among many nations. Successful occurring of event really helps in thriving the country’s economy and provides adverse advantages to its citizen. However, it also has some problems but that can be handled by imposing strict rules of laws and educating people.

                                               OR

A group of people think that hosting international sporting tournaments would bring a lot of benefits for their country, while others believe that it would cause some issues. The following essay will discuss both of these views but I personally believe that such an event has more positive things than its negatives.

On the one hand, it is believed that international sporting events would bring some serious problems for the host country. One of the problems is that the government needs to build new or renovate existing sports facilities, which means that they have to have a large budget for that. Many people believe that the budget could be spent on other important things such as improving public health facilities or developing a better education system. Another issue is that when the tournament is being held, tourists from all over the world would come to the country. Some people are afraid that it might threat the national security, as some terrorists might come to the country. Besides some others point that as a threat to the local way of life and traditions a country has.

On the other hand, another group of people believe that hosting a world class sports tournament such as Olympics or Asian Games would bring so many benefits and potentials to the hosting country. Firstly, as the country needs to renovate or build new sports facilities, it means that it will create new job opportunities for the local people. Secondly, as tourist and supporters from all over the world would come to the country, it will also boost the local tourism industry. Third, tourists who come to the country will spend their money on accommodation, travel, entertainment and foods, which means that it would generate more revenue for the local businesses and for the government through taxes. Again, the sporting event would inspire local people to participate this type of sporting event and thus the country will ultimately have a generation who are good at sports. Furthermore, the country would get international exposure as a lot of people around the world would watch the sporting event and would learn about this country. This has a great benefit in terms of tourism and international trade for this country. Finally, hosting this type of sporting events often enhances the diplomatic relationship among nations and that is a great way of maintaining world peace.

In conclusion, it is a fact that holding an international sporting event would have its own positive and negative sides. In my personal opinion, I believe that the benefits of hosting the event are greater than the drawbacks.


Task 1:-                                                     Dated:- 25/05/2018


The table below gives information about languages with the most native speakers.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

 

Answer:-

The table illustrates the number of native speakers of six languages as well as the number of speakers of these languages as an additional language. It is noticeable that the number of speakers of Mandarin Chinese is strikingly higher than the other languages with over one billion speakers.

People who speak Mandarin largely speak it as a first language (900 million). In comparison to this only 190 million people speak Mandarin Chinese as an additional language. What is remarkable about English speakers is that the number of speakers of English as an additional language is higher than that of native speakers of English (603 and 339 million respectively).

While the total number of Hindi speakers (490 million) is roughly equal to that of Spanish speakers (420 million); when it comes to speaking these languages as an additional language the number for Hindi is much higher (120 million) than that for Spanish (70 million).

Native speakers of Arabic and Portuguese are similar in number with 206 million and 203 million respectively. However, the number of Arabic speakers as an additional language (24 million) is almost 2.5 times higher than speakers of Portuguese as an additional language.

Task 2:-                                                              Dated:- 25/05/2018



Task 1:-                                    Dated:- 24/05/2018

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the graph below.

  • You should write at least 150 words.
  • Allow yourself 20 minutes for this task.Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the graph below.
    •  

    Answer:-

  • The graph compares the rate of smoking in men and women in Someland between the years 1960 and 2000. It can be clearly seen that the rate of smoking for both men and women is currently declining and that fewer women have smoked throughout the period.

In 1960, 600 men in every 1,000 was smoking. This numberdecreased gradually to 500 by 1974 and continued to decreasebut more steeply to 250 in 2000. In contrast, the rate of smoking in women in 1960 was very low at only 80 in every 1,000. By 1968 this increased to 170, and increased again but more steeply to 320 in 1977. The rate of female smokers then remained stable at 320 until 1984 at which point the figures began to decline and had dropped to 200 by 2000.

In conclusion we can see that the rate of smoking in men dropped throughout the whole period but was always at a higher level than the female figures. The rate of smoking in women increased until 1977 but then decreased for the rest of the period.

Task 2:-                                          Dated:- 24/05/2018

It is said that “Not everything that is learned is contained in books”.

Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?

Answer:-

Books are our best companions and source of knowledge from our infant time till the end of life. Our learning begins by reading books. Books open new horizons in front of us. But sometimes the hardest and most important lessons we learn in life come from our participation in different situations. The things we learn in real-life can never be learned through anything else. We can’t learn everything from books and in my opinion, the knowledge we gather from our experience is far more important, than anything else.

Of course, learning from books in a formal educational institution and learning from books for someone’s own interest are highly important. Books are like open doors. Whenever someone read books, it helps the readers to broaden their power of imagination, to introduce them new ideas. In facts, books are a fine collection of ideas, experiences, imaginations and innovations of writers for the readers. But everyone’s life is quite different than others. So, we sometimes face a whole new situation. I believe, most important lessons cannot be taught. It must be faced and learned all by ourselves. The experiences we gather from our daily life help us to rectify our future act. We learn from watching a situation even if we are not the part of it. We even learn from the stories we hear from our friends or family members about some strange situations that have occurred.

No one can teach us how to live alone, how to share our feelings, how to create self-respects. Those all must be learned from our experiences. Experiencing our own triumphs and disasters is really the only way to learn how to deal with life. Books, teachers, parents give us guidelines and our experiences give the perfection of it.


Task 1:-                                                                  Dated :- 23/05/2018

The given pie chart and the table indicate at the percentage of electricity used for purposes by Australians at their homes and units of power consumed by families of varying sizes.

A major share of energy, 63%, is consumed cumulatively by activities such as Heating and cooling – 38%, and water heating – 25%. This is followed by other appliances such as clothes and dish washers, 16%. Lighting and freezers use 7% each, while cooking and stand-by power use negligible amount, 4% and 3% respectively.

 

The table clearly illustrates that per capita consumption of energy decreases as the number of family member rises.  This is clearly elaborated by the comparable figures, like while a family with one member uses 5000-6500 KWH annually, families having 2 members use only slightly higher between 6000 to 8000 KWH per year. Similarly, families having 3 members consume between 7500  to 10000 KWH in a year and where 6 or more family member reside that household consume between 12000 to 16000 KWH annually.

________________________________________________________

TASK 1 : Soil degradation – chemicals        Dated :- 23/05/2018

Soil and land degradation is caused by human mismanagement of soils, mostly due to agricultural activities. A report on the global assessment of soil degradation states that ‘the earth’s soils are being washed away, rendered sterile or contaminated with toxic chemicals at a rate that cannot be sustained’  Today almost a quarter of the world’s farmland is affected by serious degradation, up from 15% two decades ago. The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) study indicates the world may currently be losing about 1% (50,000 sq kms) of its farmland annually due to a combination of degradation, urban sprawl, mining, recreation, toxic pollution and rising sea levels. [1]

Poor management degrades soil                                                                                        Soil does not have to be washed or blown away for its productivity to be lowered. Through improper soil and water management, many soils are losing the minerals and organic matter that make them fertile, and in most cases, these materials are not being replaced nearly as fast as they are being depleted, they may be lost for ever. Excessive cultivation, for example, can wreck the structure of some soils so that they are no longer capable of holding enough moisture for growing plants. salinity  Salinization, or the accumulation of salts in the topsoil, can also have a deletrious effect on soil productivity and crop yields. In extreme cases, damage from salinization is so great that it is technically unfeasible or totally uneconomic to reverse the process. [2] In general, irrigation induced salinity occurs when the irrigation water percolating through the soil exceeds the dispersal capacity of underground aquifers and drainage systems. Ground water containing dissolved salts rises and once within a metre of the soil surface, growth of the least salt tolerant plants is impaired. [3] While salinization is occasionally the result of natural soil-forming processes, it occurs most frequently in irrigated soils, where it is worsened by the high salt content of irrigation water. Salt-affected soils are found on every continent and nearly 7 percent of the land area of the world is affected. Salinization is a serious problem in Australia, the Soviet Union, and the United States, and it is critical in countries of north Africa and the Near East. [2] Frequently, soil waterlogging is the precursor of salinity. [3]

Soils degrade through waterlogging and loss of nutrients                                   Waterlogged soils … deter agriculture in many countries, even in parts of the world where an excess of water is not usually thought of as a problem. Waterlogging interferes with agriculture in many countries; in Egypt, for example, where about one-third of the Nile Delta has a water table only 80 centimetres below the ssoil waterloggedurface. Other countries with waterlogging from high water tables and runoff include Iran, Iraq, Somalia, parts of Syria, and Pakistan. Soil can also become degraded through loss of nutrients – chiefly nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium – if these are not replenished to maintain soil fertility. Besides being lost through erosion, nutrients are also depleted by the crops themselves, particularly if the same crops are grown on the same land year after year. And in the humid tropics, many nutrients are leached during the intense rainstorms, especially on unprotected land. Without question, farming all over the world is removing more nutrients from the soil than are being put back. Soil compaction is still another destroyer of the soil. Sometimes it results from repeated passes over the same field with heavy machinery, particularly when the field is wet. It can also result from the hooves of grazing animals pounding down the soil too often in the same area, as they do around the only waterhole for miles. Compaction is not easy to correct.

 

Task 2:-                                                                      Dated:- 23/05/2018

Some people believe the range of technology available to individuals today is increasing the gap between poor people and rich people. Others think it is having an opposite effect. Discuss both of these points of view. What is your opinion on that issue?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Answer :-

Today, modernization has revolutionised humans’ lifestyles fundamentally. Industrialisation has made our world a better place for living, although some individuals believe that this has been more useful to more affluent citizens. From my perspective, these advancements have led all humans to live better, even the deprived ones.

On the one hand, those who believe that by the development of technology, the rich have gained more beneficiaries have their own reasons. One is that luxury lifestyle has become more popular globally. The more luxury goods are produced by different companies, the more well-to-do citizens have more choices to purchase more variety of magnificent items. For instance, in 2015, Apple, a well-known electronic corporation in the USA, has produced a new version of Apple cell phone as size as a watch with the price of over $20000. Therefore, this watch will be affordable to those having tremendous saving. In addition, in trading, richer countries have a better access to the latest technology of e-commerce, while the poor ones, higher expenditure avoids them to compete with the former and the globalisation has increased the gap between the developed and underdeveloped nations.

On the other hand, I personally agree with those believing that modernization has had more positive influences on both rich and poor people. One important impact is that all nations have a better access to more highly developed health system. For example, even in remote areas of Africa, MRI is used for diagnosing of diseases, and its technology can be compared to the one which is being used in the USA. In addition, travelling facilities have been altered dramatically. Had not aviation technology been developed so fast, less general people would have used low-cost airlines. In the past, only the rich could pay the ticket of an airplane, but now even a simple worker and his family can afford the fee of a flight annually.

In conclusion, some may believe that the more the technology develops, the more wealthy citizens have better living conditions. However, I personally agree that this can influence the level of accessing to medical services and travelling facilities, and the poor’s lifestyles have been and will be improved far significantly.

[ Written by – Er. Shalendera ]

 

 

  TASK 1:- 

Sample Answer 1:- The pie charts illustrate changes in the population of different areas of the world between 1900 and 2000. The major regions are represented as percentages of the total world population.

From 1900 to 2000, the percentage of people living in Africa more than doubled from 4.5% to 10%, while Latin America’s proportion almost tripled in the same period. On the other hand, the percentage of population in Europe and Asia decreased over the last century. Europe’s percentage dropped from 25% to 14%, while Asia declined from 60% to 54%. North America’s percentage however, remained constant at 5% in 1900 and 2000. The Middle East and North Africa, a new category in 2000, represented 6% of world population.

Overall, this represents a huge increase in the number of humans on the planet, from 1.6 billion to 6 billion in just one century. Most of this population growth has occurred in developing countries.

Writing Task 2:-                                                                                                                                                                            Dated :- 16/05/2018

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

VERY FEW SCHOOL CHILDREN LEARN ABOUT THE VALUE OF MONEY AND HOW TO LOOK AFTER IT, YET THIS IS A CRITICAL LIFE SKILL THAT SHOULD BE TAUGHT AS A PART OF SCHOOL CURRICULUM.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer :- (Agreement)
An academic institute usually deals with science, arts and commerce related subjects while ignores teaching money management and this is why it is often noticed that students who do well in school struggle while taking care of their finances in real life. Having said that, academic and financial intelligence cannot be seen as inherent contradictions, but they truly are two mutually independent competencies. I personally believe that value of money and money management should be taught in schools.

The author of the book “Rich Dad Poor Dad” terms Financial Independence as ‘you being able to make your money work for you and not the other way around’. Students who get to learn about how to spend, invest and save money rarely find themselves in financial predicaments despite what their salaries bring in. Such skills are often inculcated through parents or by observing people who practice them. On the other hand, students who lack these skills usually find themselves with insufficient funds no matter how much their jobs pay them. They never learn to develop their assets. It renders them dependents on their jobs for life as it is their only source of income. The earnings are mostly spent on their liabilities leaving them with paltry savings.

If money management is taught as a part of school curriculum, all the students will get a chance to learn such skills. They will grow up to have more knowledge of money and finance. Consecutively, they will have a better perspective while making financial decisions. This will lead to a more stable, enriched and self-reliant society.

To conclude, I would say that earning money may not be the goal in life but it is the money that provides us with our basic needs and the sense of security. All these points advocate that learning the skills to value and handle money is definitely a crucial part of life. Thus, I believe that lessons for financial management should be made a part of school curriculum so that more and more students can have a chance at a financially stable future.

[Written By :- Er. Shalender]

Sample Answer 2:- (Disagreement) 
Whether money management should be a part of the academic curriculum is a great debate. Most of the schools are already overwhelmed with the subjects they have to teach and adding personal financial affairs to the syllabus would make things worse. Moreover, this is a skill that teachers cannot instil in a child through lectures and exams and this is why I personally believe that parents should take this responsibility.

To begin with, no matter how many chapters someone reads or how many exams he takes on the value of money in life, until he takes the responsibility and earns it, is impossible to learn the practical aspect of personal finances. Teachers are not in a position to decide whether a student should work besides study and manage his finance. Parents, on the other hand, are ideal to handle this. They can teach their children the value of money and put them in situations when they need to take responsibilities. Moreover, learning to manage someone’s finance is a different type of skill that class lectures cannot teach. Finally, a teacher does not know every aspect of a student’s family and their financial condition. This is why the same lecture is not suitable for all students. Parents are in a far better position to let their children learn this essential life skill.

To conclude, money management is a practical aspect of life and theoretical classes are ineffective to develop this great skill. Parents, on the contrary, should take command of this aspect and prepare their children how to value money and handle personal finance efficiently.

[Written By :- Er. Priyanshu]

Dated :- 17/05/2018

Task 1:- You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram shows how tea leaves are processed into five tea types.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Sample answer:- 

The diagram presents the manufacture of five different types of tea. It is immediately apparent that although all the teas are produced from the same leaf, the differences in the manufacturing process result in five different types of tea.
The first three stages of manufacture are the same for all of the five teas. The leaves are grown, they are then plucked, and following this withering of the leaves occures. The final stage is also the same, which sees all the leaves dried in an oven. However, in the stages in between this, differing methods of production are employed.

To begin, white tea is unique as it involves no other processing. In contrast, green, oolong and large leaf black tea are all rolled as part of the process. However, while green tea is steamed before being rolled but is not fermented, the other two teas are first rolled and then both fermented (oolong only slightly but large leaf black completely). Finally, small leaf black tea is neither steamed nor rolled, but is crushed before being fully fermented.

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic: 

In many countries, the proportion of older people is steadily increasing. Does this trend have more positive or negative effects on the society?

What is your opinion on that?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:
With the advancement of science and medicine, people are enjoying a longer life than before and in many countries, people are well aware of the population growth and as a result having only one kid or two. These reasons lead the fact that in many countries, the proportion of older people is growing faster. This has both the positive and negative effects.

At first, older people are more experienced and can contribute largely by counselling the young generation. There are some professions like teaching where an experienced teacher can be more benevolent than a young teacher. Again, older people are the witness of the history and they can reveal the past to us more practically than others. Finally, since young members of a family are busy outside and cannot manage time to share with kids, so the older people can be good companions to those kids and can help them to raise in a family environment rather than in a day-care- centre.

On the contrary, in some society older people are considered to be burden especially in those areas where people suffer from extreme poverty. Older people require more attention and extra care and the touch of relatives. But because of generation gap and poverty, they are often ignored and that’s a horrible experience for them. Again, naturally aged people can’t do physical labour and that’s why they have many practical contributions to the society compared to their young counterparts.

Considering all the issues , though it might seem little harsh but  I think that a considerable portion of older people can be helpful for all of us but if it’s reach to an extreme proportion then it’s a bad omen both for the new generation and the old people themselves.

Model Answer 2:
Thanks to the technological and scientific advancements, people’s lives have become significantly progressed, particularly in improving human health with the most modern applications and effective treatments. It is inevitable that the remarkable increase in life expectancy has been a phenomenon in many countries as well as impacted both positively and negatively on their societies.

Older adults have been appreciated as the valuable and essential resource to their communities with material and immaterial contributions which benefit the younger. The increased longevity might create many time opportunities for those who still eager to pursue their working or researching passion for societal development, encouraging the young generations to inherit and attempt more for further success. The retirement age has been adjusted in most of working fields in order that the elderly can work longer with their contributing expectation, particularly the working year maximum of 60 for men and that of 55 for women.

In spite of significant values that the elderly can bring to the society, there are some negative implications which might put the government and the whole community under financial and healthcare pressure. The more people retire, the heavier pension burden the state has to carry. After a certain period of time for working, whether their living standards are better, they still have right to receive social welfare from their government. Therefore, many countries consequently take more consideration into budget distribution for this section. Additionally, the increasing amount of older adults is more likely to exacerbate overpopulation worldwide, which will lead to many overloaded facilities as hospitals, retirement homes and housing provision.

The constant proliferation in the ageing population has been obviously creating both benefits and burdens to their societies. Therefore, the government in every country should implement aging-friendly policies and efficient programs so as to mitigate this issue’s negative influences and still progress people’s standards of living.

Model Answer 3:
It is true that in some countries the number of senior people is growing steadily. It is undeniable that the issue has some benefits and drawbacks, but I personally believe that it has more drawbacks and the following essay will discuss them in details.

On the one hand, the increasing number of older people in a country shows some positive aspects. Firstly, it means that the healthcare system in the country is quite high, the economic condition of the people is better and citizens have a better lifestyle than those in other countries. Senior people with better economic conditions are able to purchase healthier foods and consume enough vitamins, which are essential for maintaining their health level. Secondly, it also shows that the government has successfully provided a better medication for the senior people. As the quality of the public health services improves, it means that more and more old people are being fairly treated. Consequently, they could maintain their health level and have a longer life expectancy. Some sectors like teaching, research and politics require extensive experience and the older people in such countries can contribute to these sectors.

On the other hand, the growing number of senior citizens also has some negative consequences. As the number of the old people increases, the government has to provide a higher budget for retirement houses and medical services. These funds are collected from taxes from other citizens. If the ratio of older people increases in a country, then the percentage of working class people decreases and that has a direct impact on the economic progress of the country. Lastly, the country will also face population density problem. As the medication and health facilities improve, the mortality rate of the country also increase, and it would cause a serious population problem for the country.

In conclusion, despite all the advantages, increasing number of senior people in a country has some disadvantages as well. I personally believe that a country should focus on maintaining a balanced ratio for the population of different age groups.